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Clinical Trial Summary

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common, yet still not fully understood, gastrointestinal disorders in adults. One suspected etiology involves intestinal dysbiosis, i.e. both quantitative and qualitative alterations in intestinal microbiota composition, which affects the gut-brain axis. Probiotics are live microorganisms, which-administered at the right dose-are beneficial for human health; their mechanism of action involves modifying the gut microbiota. Clinical study reports document that probiotic administration is beneficial for patients with IBS. The ultimate clinical effects depend primarily on probiotic strain selection. Our research team evaluated a multi-strain probiotic formulation and a multi-strain synbiotic (a combination of probiotic strains with short-chain prebiotic fructooligosaccharides) formulation as part of two randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials in patients with IBS with predominant diarrhea. The results indicated a beneficial effect of these formulations on the clinical course of IBS assessed with the international IBS symptom severity scale (IBS-SSS), with each of the study formulations exhibiting efficacy in different fields. The formulation composed of a mixture of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus strains reduced the levels of pain and improved the quality of life, whereas the synbiotic formulation effectively improved bloating and had a beneficial effect on the general condition of the intestines. A systematic review and meta-analysis published in 2020 showed that high doses of single-strain formulations, particularly those containing Bifidobacterium or Lactobacillus strains, may be more effective in IBS patients. Other reports demonstrated a high efficacy of the new-generation probiotic Bacillus coagulans in IBS. Therefore, the main objective of this research project is to assess the efficacy of single-strain probiotics containing Bifidobacterium lactis or Bacillus coagulans in patients with IBS.

Clinical Trial Description

This is a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial included 120 adult patients, who had been diagnosed with IBS according to the Rome IV diagnostic criteria. The patients will receive orally a probiotic formulation containing Bifidobacterium lactis or Bacillus coagulans or placebo over a period of 12 weeks. Once the period of supplementation is completed, the patients will be followed-up for the subsequent 4 weeks. The patients included in the study will receive diaries, which they will complete daily. The patient's dairy will include information about the number of stools, stool consistency (assessed based on the Bristol Stool Form Scale) and IBS symptoms (abdominal pain, bloating, bowel urgency, and feeling of incomplete evacuation) rated in a 5-grade scale. The diary will also include information on any adverse events and the use of any new medications during the study. Once a week, the patients will be contacted by phone by interviewers who will collect the information recorded in the patient's diary. During the first visit, the patients included in the study will be informed of the study procedure and educated on the phone exchanges with the interviewers. One week prior to study intervention, the patients will be asked to record their symptoms in their patient diaries every day. Subsequently, the patients will visit their study doctor every four weeks (from the beginning of the study intervention) in order to receive the next dose of the study formulation/placebo. During each study visit, the patients will be evaluated with the use of IBS-SSS and IBS Global Improvement Scale (IBS-GIS). The patients included in the study will undergo a hydrogen breath test for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) both prior to receiving the study formulation/placebo and 12 weeks later, after intervention is completed. The study will last a total of 16 weeks from the moment the intervention is initiated (12 weeks of interventions and 4 weeks of follow-up). ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05064930
Study type Interventional
Source Nordic Biotic Sp. z o.o.
Contact Bozena Cukrowska, MD, PhD
Phone 609447892
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 1, 2021
Completion date August 31, 2022

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