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Clinical Trial Summary

Iron-deficient anemia is a chronic problem in sub-Saharan Africa and other developing areas of the world. From our previous research, we have shown that certain local plant foods in Kenya and Senegal have an unusual action of improving in vitro iron bioaccessibility (nearly doubling the low value obtained in cereals). We will assess absorption of stable isotopes of iron (57Fe, 54Fe and 58Fe) extrinsically labeled in a serving of porridge fortified with various combinations of moringa, baobab, mango, carrot and standard fortificant iron sulfate and the enhancer ascorbic acid.

Clinical Trial Description

To better understand the potential for leveraging traditional plant-based ingredients in local fortification efforts in Africa, the proposed study will focus on assessment of acute iron bioavailability in participants consuming instant blended cereal porridges produced using whole grain white maize, with provitamin A (e.g. carrots/mango), moringa leaf powder and baobab fruit powder in specific combinations. We hypothesize that: food-to-food fortified cereal-based porridge with with African baobab fruit and moringa leaf powder will effectively improve iron density and bioavailability in human participants as compared to a "gold standard" fortification (iron sulphate and ascorbic acid). A randomized crossover design with 4 different white maize cereal-based porridges and a reference control porridge (with matching macronutrient contents) will be used, allowing each participant to serve as their own control. Porridges are designed to specifically compare: (1) Food to food fortification versus standard fortifications and (2) the ability of baobab fruit pulp to enhance iron absorption from both natural and standard sources. The porridges will be composed of locally sourced ingredients including: whole grain white maize, a pro-vitamin A source (oil and available vegetables e.g. carrot and mango) baobab fruit powder and moringa leaf powder. The enrolled participants will come into the clinic 6 times to consume porridges or have blood drawn. Four times blood (1 for screening, 3 for study) will be drawn to determine the amount of the different forms of iron in participant's blood. On each day of porridge consumption (each visit except the final visit on Day 33), they will consume 2 x 350 g porridge meals and stay 90 mins after the participant has finished each of the meals, and then leave and come back to repeat for a total of 4 hours. After two weeks they will return to the clinic and we will ask to draw some more blood to see if they have absorbed any of the different forms of iron. They will then have the next porridge. Importantly for each visit for both blood draws and the porridge consumption the participants will have to fast the previous night, so no food or beverages like tea or coffee can be consumed (only water allowed). During 5 visits when they will eat two portions of porridge during the day and will have to stay at the facility for 90 mins after each porridge consumption. During the last visit (Day 33), participants will need to give a blood sample, which will take about half an hour. Blood collected during these visits will be used to measure isotopic iron absorbed from the porridges. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05061290
Study type Interventional
Source Purdue University
Contact Bruce Hamaker
Phone 7654945668
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date October 2021
Completion date January 2022

See also
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Completed NCT02462798 - Does Sourdough Fermentation Improve Iron Uptake From Whole Grain Rye Bread? N/A
Completed NCT02993835 - Iron Bioavailability From Fortified Food N/A