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Clinical Trial Summary

Gender norms embedded in the health-system and broader community shape patient-provider relationships in ways that may undermine the provision of antiretroviral treatment (ART) counseling for men and women in Uganda. This study seeks to develop and evaluate the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of an innovative gender transformative implementation strategy to improve HIV provider capacity for equitable HIV care and ART adherence counseling.


Clinical Trial Description

Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is the single most effective clinical intervention in the fight against HIV. However, in Uganda only 56% of people living with HIV were virally suppressed in 2017 with significant disparities between men and women, suggesting problems with implementation. While gender norms are a known driver of HIV disparities in sub-Saharan Africa, and patient-provider relationships are a key factor in HIV care engagement, little research has focused on the role that gender norms have in shaping the equitable provision of treatment and quality of ART counseling. The overall research objective is to develop and pilot test an implementation strategy to increase providers' capacity to provide equitable and gender-tailored treatment and counseling to HIV-infected men and women. Delivered to HIV providers, this group training integrates a gender transformative approach with adapted evidence-based strategies to reduce biases and increase gender equitable attitudes. The pilot trial will assess the implementation strategy's effectiveness by comparing changes in provider (competence for gender sensitive care) and in patient outcomes (clinic attendance, ART adherence, viral load) between the training intervention and usual care through 12-months. The implementation strategy will be assessed through a quasi-experimental pre/post design. Clinics will be randomly assigned to either the intervention or control condition. Providers in the intervention condition will receive a series of group training sessions. All participants in the provider cohort will complete interviewer administered questionnaires at baseline, 6-, and 12- month follow-up. In addition to the assessment of the cohort of HIV providers, the study will obtain additional data on the impact of the provider training on patient outcomes. Patient participants will complete an interviewer administered questionnaire at baseline, 6-, and 12- month follow-up, and will provide permission for the study team to review and extract relevant data from their clinic records related to engagement in HIV care. The total N and primary outcomes reflected in the clinicaltrials.gov database reflects the patient cohort (N=240, 120 per treatment arm). Secondary outcomes are obtained from the provider cohort (n=20-35 providers per clinic). ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05178979
Study type Interventional
Source The University of Texas at San Antonio
Contact Katelyn M Sileo, PhD
Phone 2104586242
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 15, 2022
Completion date December 31, 2023

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