Hepatic Metastasis Clinical Trial
Magnetic Resonance-guided Adaptive Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Hepatic Metastases - MAESTRO -
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is an established local treatment method for patients with hepatic oligometastases. Liver metastases often occur in close proximity to radiosensitive organs at risk (OARs). This limits the possibility to apply sufficiently high doses needed for optimal local control. MR-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT) is expected to hold potential to improve hepatic SBRT by offering superior soft-tissue contrast for enhanced target identification as well as the benefit of daily real-time adaptive treatment. The MAESTRO trial therefore aims to assess the potential advantages of adaptive, gated MR-guided SBRT (MRgSBRT) compared to conventional SBRT at a standard linac using an ITV (internal target volume) approach (ITV-SBRT).
Hepatic SBRT is a well-established local treatment method for technically or medically inoperable hepatic metastases. However, clinicians are often restricted in the utilization of hepatic SBRT due to dose limitations of the uninvolved liver and nearby OARs (e.g. small bowel, stomach, kidney). MR-guided radiotherapy with its superior soft-tissue contrast is believed to facilitate the precise detection of tumor position and interfractional changes in patient anatomy. Respiratory gating at the MR-Linac enables real-time visualization of the tumor as well as synchronization of beam delivery to the patient's breathing . Therefore, safety margins and thus the irradiated volume can possibly be decreased with MRgSBRT in comparison to ITV-based SBRT, reducing the risk of treatment-associated toxicity. Hepatic MRgSBRT of smaller target volumes might further offer the possibility of dose escalation for increasing local control. To our knowledge, only two retrospective analyses including 26 and 29 patients as well as one case report about hepatic MR-guided SBRT using a MR-Linac can be found in literature. As MR-guided adaptive SBRT is very staff intense and time consuming compared to standard ITV-based SBRT, prospective studies are needed to demonstrate the expected benefits of MR-guided adaptive SBRT. This trial will be conducted as a prospective, randomized, three-armed phase II study in 82 patients with hepatic metastases (solid malignant tumor, 1-3 hepatic metastases confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), maximum diameter of each metastasis ≤ 5 cm (in case of 3 metastases: sum of diameters ≤ 12cm), age ≥ 18 years, Karnofsky Performance Score ≥ 60%). If a biologically effective dose (BED) ≥ 100 Gy is feasible based on ITV-based planning, patients will be randomized to either MRgSBRT (Arm A) or ITV-based SBRT (Arm B). If a lesion cannot be treated with a BED ≥ 100 Gy, the patient will be treated in Arm C with MRgSBRT at the highest possible dose. ;
|Not yet recruiting||