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Clinical Trial Summary

This study primarily seeks to evaluate dysfunction of small blood vessels and their linkage to dysfunction of nerves in people with Type 2 Diabetes. The purpose of this research is to explore some of the underlying pathophysiology of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, particularly painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. The pain experienced by individuals with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy is severe and associated with low quality of life. The pain does not typically respond well to pharmacological management. The processes underpinning the sources of pain are poorly understood, consequently only around a third of patients benefit from existing treatments. Some historic research on the sources of pain suggest the retention of the ability to reduce blood flow in small vessels may underpin these pain pathways. This research aims to explore this possibility, looking at the nerve-linked response in small vessels with a flickering light within the eye. Participants will complete three or four questionnaires: one demographic, two to aid with stratifying participants into groups concerning symptoms of neuropathy and an additional questionnaire if participants are stratified to the painful DPN group. A basic neurological examination of the feet will follow. Basic measurements of height, weight and blood pressure will be recorded for each participant. The primary sites of measurement of this small vessel dysfunction will be the eye and the foot investigated in a non-invasive manner. A bright flickering light will be shone into participants eyes, with the reaction of small vessels recorded. Sensors will also be placed on the feet and chest of participants and warmed to ~44C. An image will be taken of participants eyes to measure nerve layer thickness and an area of skin on the forearm will be illuminated to measure for levels of a metabolic marker. A picture of the eye will also be taken to determine nerve layer thickness.


Clinical Trial Description

This cross-sectional observational study will take place between November 2021 and May 2022 and will recruit individuals with Type 2 Diabetes alongside painful or non-painful peripheral neuropathy. The study aims to determine the relationship between microvascular and metabolic markers and i) clinical neuropathy, ii) of painful neuropathy and iii) severity of neuropathic pain within a Type 2 Diabetic cohort. This will be done through achieving the following objectives: i) determination of whether retinal vasodilation in response to flicker-light stimulus is associated with i) the severity of neuropathy, ii) the presence of painful neuropathy and iii) severity of neuropathic pain within a T2DM cohort. ii) determination of whether levels of tissue-bound advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) measured by skin autofluorescence are associated with i) the severity of neuropathy, ii) the presence of painful neuropathy and iii) severity of neuropathic pain within a T2DM cohort. iii) determination of whether pedal skin transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO2) measured by transcutaneous oximetry is associated with i) the severity of neuropathy, ii) the presence of painful neuropathy and iii) severity of neuropathic pain within a T2DM cohort. iv)determination of whether retinal nerve layer thickness is associated with the severity of neuropathy, the presence of painful neuropathy and severity of neuropathic pain within a T2DM cohort v)determination of whether the following factors are associated with the severity of neuropathy, the presence of painful neuropathy and severity of neuropathic pain within a T2DM cohort - HbA1c - Lipid profile - Body Mass Index - Blood Pressure ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05118217
Study type Observational
Source University of Plymouth
Contact Calvin Howorth, BSc (Hons)
Phone 07508993412
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase
Start date November 18, 2021
Completion date April 30, 2022

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