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Clinical Trial Summary

The COVID-19 pandemic severely impacted the medical system both directly but also through incomplete recovery from the virus in the form of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC). PASC affects at least 9.6 million individuals as of May 2022 and continues to affect many more. PASC is a multisystem disorder often presenting with mental fog, dyspnea on exertion, and fatigue among other symptoms. The etiology of PASC is uncertain but theories include direct cytotoxicity, dysregulated immune responses, endotheliitis associated with microthrombi, eNOS uncoupling, and myocardial fibrosis with impaired ventricular compliance. To date, there are no established treatments. Exercise has the potential as a therapeutic option to improve VO2peak and improve each of the aforementioned underlying etiologies. The investigators plan to examine the effect of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and Moderate intensity exercise training (MOD) on the symptoms and exercise tolerance of patients with PASC. The investigators approach will consist of a randomized, blinded, 2-arm, parallel-group design. Enrolled subjects will be randomly assigned to one of two groups in a 1:1 allocation ratio. All groups will undergo a 4-week intervention of 3 days of HIIT per week and 2 days of MOD per week or control of light stretching and controlled breathing. Subjects will be assessed before and after the 4-week intervention to examine the extent to which 4 weeks of the HIIT and MOD combination improves VO2peak and left ventricular diastolic function, global longitudinal strain (GLS), and global circumferential strain (GCS). Further, the investigators will explore changes in markers such as heart rate, heart rhythm, blood pressure, quality of life, exercise tolerance, and PASC symptoms as well as blood/serum markers.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT06065033
Study type Interventional
Source University of Virginia
Status Withdrawn
Phase N/A
Start date September 9, 2023
Completion date March 29, 2024

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