There are about 2 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Vanuatu. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The Pacific region is facing several emerging and neglected diseases notably mosquito-borne diseases as malaria or arboviroses among which dengue, Ross River, chikungunya and Zika. These diseases are an important cause of illness and death in the Pacific and the occurrence of arboviruses has increased in the recent years. In humans, these mosquito-borne diseases often have very similar clinical presentations (an acute febrile syndrome often self-limiting). However, these infections can progress to severe and fatal prognosis. Numerous arboviroses outbreaks and in particular dengue outbreaks have affected Vanuatu for decades. Except for DENV and Zika for which epidemiological and virological data are available for Vanuatu, the knowledge on chikungunya and Ross River circulation is very limited and needs to be defined as both viruses have intensively circulated in the region in the past. Knowledge of the level of immune protection of the population for these mosquito-borne diseases is incomplete. For this purpose, seroprevalence studies that intend to retrospectively look for antibodies (IgG) as an evidence of previous infections by a specific pathogen would be highly informative. Knowing the serological profile of the Vanuatu population for dengue and other arboviruses as Ross River, chikungunya and Zika that could have affected the country in the past would be useful in defining the population likely to be infected by future epidemics.
The Melanesian states of the Western Pacific (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu) represent a unique and especially prescient challenge to malaria control and elimination. While the use of bed nets and other vector control and case management measures have achieved major advances in overall malaria control, the P. vivax and P. ovale species account for an ever-increasing burden of clinical disease. The lack of effective treatment of the hypnozoite stages of infection with these species result in ongoing relapses and a continuing reservoir of infection. The only known drug effective for treatment of the hypnozoite stage is primaquine; however the safe and effective dose of this drug in malaria treatment is still unclear. A recent study evaluated the safety and efficacy of two primaquine dosing regimens (0.25mg/kg and 0.5mg/kg) in a population in New Ireland province, PNG. This study aims to replicate this methodology in Vanuatu and Solomon Islands, to provide a more complete picture of primaquine efficacy and safety in each of the three countries of this region.