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NCT ID: NCT05429541 Not yet recruiting - Otitis Media Clinical Trials

Pneumococcal Carriage and Serotype Distribution in Children With Otitis Media in Malaysia.

Start date: October 3, 2022
Study type: Observational

The purpose of this research is to conduct a multi-center prospective surveillance study focusing upon pneumococcal carriage and serotype epidemiology in patients with otitis media (OM).The data generated will be crucial especially as baseline data for future assessments on the long-term impacts of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 10 (PCV10) coverage, compared to that of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 (PCV13) that is being used in the majority of other countries. Pneumococcal carriage in patients with OM and serotype distribution will be assessed, including changes in antibiotic resistance. With the establishment of sentinel surveillance in the country, we hope to provide detailed data on the epidemiology of OM in Malaysia; working towards the development of a national surveillance programme for the monitoring of OM burden in the country.

NCT ID: NCT05420740 Not yet recruiting - COPD Clinical Trials

Impact of Aerobika OPEP in Improving Small Airway Parameters in COPD

Start date: July 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Research Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive chronic lung disease that makes breathing difficult with mucus build-up in the inflamed airway and lungs hyperinflation due to expiratory flow limitation. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) defines COPD as a common, preventable and treatable disease with significant morbidity and mortality, and incurs intensive expenditure of healthcare resources. This disease is currently the fourth leading cause of death in the world but is projected to be the 3rd leading cause of death by 2020. In 2012, global death from COPD accounted about 6% which equal to more than 3 million deaths in world population. The mortality burden of COPD is expected to rise to 8.6% by 2030. In Malaysia, the prevalence of moderate to severe COPD in Malaysia in 2010 is 4.7% which equals to 448,000 cases. COPD is attributed by long-term exposure to noxious particles and toxic gases. Tobacco smoking is the main cause of COPD globally. The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) conducted in Malaysia in 2006 showed that the prevalence of male ever smokers was 57.6% and in female is 2.5%. Other than that, inhalation of organic or chemical dust and fumes, and biomass exposure also among the risk factors of COPD. Exposure to noxious particles will cause activation of inflammatory immune responses. However, continuous and repetitive exposure towards these noxious particles will lead to tissue remodelling in small airways causing smooth muscle hypertrophy and fibrosis causing major site of obstruction in COPD. In COPD patients, the small airways represent the key sites of airflow obstruction, and small airway disease (SAD) is considered a functional hallmark of disease. The presence of SAD progressively increases with higher GOLD classifications and it is closely related to the high impact of disease measured by COPD Assessment Test (CAT) questionnaire. Distributions of SAD among COPD patients classified according to GOLD classification. In each of GOLD A, B, C and D class, the prevalence of SAD are 49%, 88%, 61%, and 96% respectively. As presence of SAD is closely related to high impact of disease with CAT score ≥10 , they tend to have more symptoms.

NCT ID: NCT05418322 Active, not recruiting - Adult Clinical Trials

The Effects of Oral Hygiene Interventions Prior Orthodontic Treatment in Adults- A Randomized Clinical Trial

Start date: May 10, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Orthodontic treatment has many recognized benefits such as enhancing esthetics and improving self-esteem in patients. However, like any other dental treatments, a successful orthodontic treatment requires patient cooperation, especially oral hygiene compliance. Dental plaque that builds upon the orthodontic brackets in a poor oral environment consists of pathogenic biofilms that can lead to undesirable complications such as white spot lesions, gingivitis, and periodontal breakdown. Poor oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment often results in poor treatment quality and prolonged treatment duration. Fixed appliances increase the retention areas for plaque accumulation and this often makes maintaining good oral hygiene a challenge for the patients. Therefore, effective oral hygiene interventions are key in improving patients' knowledge, influencing good oral hygiene behaviors and ensuring patients can exercise good practices daily at home. Oral hygiene education given to prospective orthodontic patients will allow them to understand their role and responsibilities in maintaining good oral care during treatment. This will help instill lasting good oral hygiene habits that can be maintained during the fixed appliance stage of treatment, thus reducing possible future treatment complications. In this study, the investigators evaluate the effects of verbal and video-assisted oral hygiene interventions on patients' oral hygiene prior to orthodontic treatment.

NCT ID: NCT05399862 Completed - Clinical trials for Helicobacter Pylori Infection

The Effect of Lactobacillus Reuteri Probiotic as an Adjunct Treatment for Helicobacter Pylori Infection in Adults

Start date: December 24, 2020
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This is a prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving newly diagnosed Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) patients. Patients will be prescribed with standard triple therapy for 2 weeks and supplemented with either probiotic (Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17648) or placebo for 4 weeks. In this study, we are investigating the effect of Lactobacillus reuteri in H. pylori eradication; mainly in improving eradication rate, ameliorating gastrointestinal symptoms and reducing adverse effects of antibiotics. We hypothesised that in H. pylori patients receiving Lactobacillus reuteri as adjunct treatment, there will be an improvement in H. pylori eradication rate as well as reduction of gastrointestinal symptoms and treatment adverse effects.

NCT ID: NCT05396027 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Psychological Stress

Study of Effectiveness of Audio Guided Deep Breathing on Improving the Quality of Life of Physically Disabled Group

Start date: August 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Diaphragmatic breathing brings different advantages to improve physical and mental health but it could be difficult for the physically disabled group to follow the practice by themselves especially those with vision impairment. Therefore, guided deep breathing is desirable to address their needs but these are rarely analyzed in the previous literature. This research aims to study the physiological impacts and psychological health of audio-guided deep breathing on physically disabled groups. The psychological changes will be assessed by Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHO-BREF) and Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R). Besides, physiological parameters such as tidal volume, electroencephalography, hair cortisol level and heart rate variability are measured non-invasively to evaluate the impact of audio-guided deep breathing. Furthermore, auditory Go-No Go Task will be adopted as a neuropsychological test in determining changes in response control and sustained attention in this study as well. Eventually, the pre-and post-interventional data will be analyzed and processed to study the effect of audio-guided deep breathing on these special groups.

NCT ID: NCT05388669 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Metastatic Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

A Study of Lazertinib and Amivantamab in Participants With Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR)-Mutated Advanced or Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Start date: August 5, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of the study is to simplify amivantamab intravenous administration and to reduce dose times, by assessing a new formulation of amivantamab, amivantamab subcutaneous and co-formulated with recombinant human hyaluronidase (SC-CF), for subcutaneous administration. This formulation has the potential to enhance both the patient and physician experience with amivantamab by providing easier and accelerated administration.

NCT ID: NCT05379595 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

A Study of Amivantamab Monotherapy and in Addition to Standard-of-Care Chemotherapy in Participants With Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Start date: August 11, 2022
Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to assess the anti-tumor activity of amivantamab as a monotherapy (Cohorts A, B, and C), to characterize the safety of amivantamab when added to standard-of care (SoC) chemotherapy in participants with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) (Ph2 cohorts), and to assess the recommended phase 2 combination dose (RP2CD) of amivantamab when added to SoC chemotherapy (Ph1b cohorts).

NCT ID: NCT05370443 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Mental Disorder in Adolescence

Effectiveness of an Online Life Skills-based Intervention on Mental Health Among Arabic Adolescents in Klang Valley, Malaysia

Start date: June 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

It is a parallel cluster randomised controlled trial designed to assess the effectiveness of an online life skills education in reducing depression, anxiety, and stress and improving self-efficacy and coping skills among Arabic secondary school students at Arabic schools in Klang Valley in Malaysia.

NCT ID: NCT05366855 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Generalized Pustular Psoriasis

Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Imsidolimab (ANB019) in Subjects With Generalized Pustular Psoriasis

Start date: April 21, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This is a Phase 3, long term extension study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of imsidolimab compared with placebo in adult subjects with generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP).

NCT ID: NCT05364931 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Non-cirrhotic Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis With Fibrosis

A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Cotadutide Given by Subcutaneous Injection in Adult Participants With Non-cirrhotic Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis With Fibrosis.

Start date: May 19, 2022
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cotadutide in participants with non-cirrhotic NASH with fibrosis.