There are about 1134 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Malaysia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This study investigates the efficiency of orthodontic aesthetic archwires which are coated with tooth-colored materials and the durability of the coatings after being used. Theoretically, the coatings provide excellent aesthetics throughout treatment and faster tooth alignment. However, from our clinical experience, these claims are the opposite. Cracks and ruptures as well as archwire fractures have been noted. Therefore, it is presumed that the aesthetic archwires may not be any different from the conventional uncoated archwires.
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of soluble corn fiber (SCF) on bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) in pre-pubertal boys and girls. The hypothesis to be tested is: SCF will lead to greater increase of BMD, as measured with densitometry in both low calcium as well as high calcium intakes compared to placebo.
Background: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a devastating complication following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) mediated by stimulation of antigen presenting cells (APCs) which leads to donor T-lymphocytes activation and target tissue destruction, particularly affecting the skin, gastrointestinal tract, and liver in acute setting. In recent years, researchers have discovered that the application of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) as salvage treatment among steroid refractory GVHD patients improves outcomes without long-term risk association. On the other hand, the use of MSCs concurrently with steroids as front-line treatment for acute GVHD has yet to be researched on. The investigators hypothesize that this approach, as the MSCs will be administered at earlier stage of the disease, will increase survival rate and reduce mortality among aGVHD patients. Objective: In this study, the investigators aim to determine the efficacy and safety of allogeneic infusion of Cytopeutics® umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (Cyto-MSC) in combination of standard corticosteroid therapy as front-line approach for treatment of grade II-IV acute GVHD patients. Study design: This is a phase I/II clinical study involving patients who underwent an allogeneic HSCT for malignant or non malignant haematological disorders and developed grade II-IV acute GVHD. A total of 40 eligible patients will be recruited in this study. For Phase I open labelled study, 5 eligible patients will be recruited to receive Cyto-MSC (5 million UC-MSCs per kg bodyweight) and standard treatment. Meanwhile, for Phase II double blinded placebo controlled study, another 35 eligible patients will be recruited and randomized into 2 study groups where 15 patients will be assigned into Group A to receive Cyto-MSC (5 million UCMSCs per kg bodyweight) and standard treatment, meanwhile another 20 patients will be assigned into Group B to receive Placebo and standard treatment. Cyto-MSC or Placebo will be administered at Day 1 and Day 4. Another infusion of Cyto-MSC or Placebo will be given at Day 7 if the patient shows no or partial response based on GvHD grading criteria. All patients will be assessed up until 6 months follow-up which include medical history, clinical and physical evaluations, pathology investigations, biomarkers and immune cell subsets analysis, as well as quality of life questionnaires.
Effect of curcumin on modulation of immune and inflammatory parameters in pre-operative patients
Vacuum-formed retainers are clear or transparent retainers, that hold the teeth in the new position after active orthodontic treatment. These custom made appliances are becoming popular these days due to the aesthetics value among patients. Vacuum-formed retainers can be made through a process that softens the clear plastic and vacuumed to follow the shape of the dental model before it cools off and hardens again. These dental models can be made from conventional method or through a 3D reconstruction process. Recently, it was found that there is no difference in terms of stability of the teeth and oral health related quality of life of the patients wearing vacuum-formed retainers constructed on either types of models. Physically, the surface roughness of the retainers appear different because the conventional models and 3D printed models are constructed in a different manner. Our interest is to determine whether the difference in surface roughness would affect microbial colonisation which can eventually affect the oral health. So this study aims to find the association between microbial colonisation and surface roughness of vacuum-formed retainers constructed on conventional models and also 3D reconstructed models.
To compare the combination of Ribociclib plus goserelin acetate with hormonal therapy versus combination chemotherapy in premenopausal or perimenopausal patients with advanced or metastatic breast cancer
The training consists of 6 weeks of functional electrical stimulation leg cycling exercise (FES-LCE) program. The training program comprises of 2 visits per week. Each visit consists of FES-LCE for 45 minutes. Throughout the 6 weeks program, there will be testing/assessment sessions on week 1, week 3 and week 6. The FES will be applied via surface electrodes and the stimulation intensity based on the participant's tolerance level.
Ramadan fasting is an important event for Muslims. During Ramadan, all healthy Muslims are asked to abstain from food and drink throughout the day and eat only during daybreak (also know as Sahur in Malay/Arabic language) and after sunset (also know as Iftar in Malay/Arabic language). Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) can be exempted from fasting but most of them do not perceive themselves as sick, and they continue to fast. With so many Muslims with diabetes choosing to fast, there is an immediate need for evidence-based nutrition practice guidelines. This study is conducted to determine the feasibility of implementing the Ramadan Nutrition Plan named My Dia-RNP that is also incorporating diabetes-specific nutrition formula on dietary adherence and acceptability in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We hypothesized that My Dia-RNP is feasible to be practiced by patients with type 2 diabetes.
Assessing the influence of a telephone call or Whatsapp instant text message post bond up of fixed appliances on Pain Visual Analogue Scores, State-Trait Anxiety and Oral Health Quality of Life
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate comparability of the ORR in patients with previously untreated, advanced stage FL who receive GP2013-treatment to patients who receive MabThera-treatment.