There are about 1109 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Malaysia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
A prospective observational multi center study to assess the level of asthma control at Primary Care Setting; government health clinics (Klinik Kesihatan) in Malaysia. The specific objective of the study is to assess, in real-life clinical practice in Malaysia, the level of asthma control and the potential risk factors for uncontrolled disease in asthma patients treated at government health clinics.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether glycemic index is effective in the treatment of maternal glycemia and pregnancy outcomes in women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.
During dengue outbreaks, the Ministry of Health Malaysia employs various methods to control the spread of disease, including killing the larvae of Aedes mosquitoes, fogging, together with educating and disseminating information about the dengue outbreak, to the community. However, this is too late. Research has shown that when an outbreak has occurred, the viral infection has already spread among the community. Therefore, this current trial aims to educate the public (via questionnaire survey and interactions with the residential managements, mainly), detect dengue-infected mosquitoes, inform the communities of the presence of dengue-infected mosquitoes, followed by approaching and educating them to take precautionary measures before the outbreak happens. Trapping (using gravid oviposition sticky (GOS) traps) and detecting dengue virus non-structural 1 (NS1) antigen (using dengue NS1 kit) in the Aedes mosquitoes will be a more reliable way to alert the community before a potential dengue outbreak in their housing area. The community will receive information of presence of infected mosquitoes and probable dengue infections before dengue cases are reported. This will be an ideal time for clean-ups and for search and destroy activities. With this shift in approach and the use of newer techniques, it is hoped that deaths and epidemics due to dengue will be reduced.
This research is about the use of subgaleal drains to prevent accumulation of blood under the skin in patients undergoing surgery to remove part of the skull(craniectomy) and its associated complications. There have been early research that shows usage of subgaleal drains maybe related to increase in complication rates after craniectomy. These complications include hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the brain), new hemorrhages, infection and low blood pressure. The investigators are performing this research to determine which type of subgaleal drains would produce the least complications. With this knowledge, the investigators would be able to reduce the amount of complications for future patients that undergo surgery to remove part of the skull. The purpose of this study is to determine the rate of complications in the 3 different groups of patients using the different types of drains under the skin in surgeries that involve removal of part of the skull. All participants will undergo the required surgery to remove part of the skull (craniectomy). Participants will then be randomly assigned to either one of 3 groups which are the vacuum drain group, passive drain group or no drain group.Participants in the vacuum drain group will have vacuum drains inserted during the closing stage of the surgery. Participants in the passive drain group will have passive drains inserted during the closing stage of the surgery. Participants in the no drain group will have a drain inserted during the closing stage of the procedure but the drain will remained closed. Data will then be collected and analysed to determine if the type of drains influence the rate of complications in craniectomy
Dental infections originating in the teeth are routinely managed systemically with a course of oral antibiotics, while severe forms are managed with intravenous antibiotics. Dental infections can also be managed by removing the offending cause of the infection followed by placement of an intra-canal medication which acts as a local antimicrobial. Intra-canal medicaments are being used in clinical practice following root canal treatment. The investigators hypothesize that the effect of intra-canal antimicrobials in the management of dental infections will be the better than oral antibiotics in terms of clinical , microbial and oral- health quality of life parameters. This will be a three-arm, parallel, comparative, randomized study with the aim of assessing the efficacy of intra-canal medication and oral antibiotics in reducing the infection and treatment of odontogenic infections, based on signs and symptoms and microbial count. The study will be performed in child participants between the age group of 3 to 11 years presenting with acute odontogenic infections. Participants will be randomized by block randomization. The treatment duration of the study will be at least 5 days or maximum 7 days depending upon the response. Participants will be assessed on Day 3 and Day 5/7. Concurrently, the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) following these clinical interventions in children will be recorded and again on Day 14. Quantitative assessment of microorganisms seen in the root canals and the changes seen in the microbial flora through the treatment will help us to determine the best antimicrobial agent to be used in the management of odontogenic infections.
Primary Objective: To assess the efficacy of Gla-300 on glycemic control measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) change in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) uncontrolled with their current basal insulin following the switch to Gla-300. Secondary Objectives: To evaluate the effects of Gla-300 on glycemic control, treatment satisfaction, and health care resource utilization (HCRU) outcomes. To evaluate the safety of Gla-300.
Trans-palatal Arch or TPA is an intra oral device that is occasionally used in conjunction of orthodontic fixed appliance treatment. It has two main types, the fixed or removable TPA. The purpose of this appliance is to maintain upper jaw's arch width and preventing upper molar teeth from moving forward. It holds the upper molar teeth in their original position so that if any upper teeth are extracted to make room for the others to straighten, the upper molars will not move into the extraction spaces. It comprises of a stainless steel wire with a central semi loop that fits comfortably across but not touching the palate. On each side, it is attached with metal bands around each of the two upper molar teeth. The construction of TPA requires at least three appointments that take up one to three weeks time. Firstly, an elastic "doughnut" like rubbery separators will be placed between the upper molar teeth using a special tool. Slight tightness is usually felt when the separators are inserted. The whole procedure takes less than a couple of minutes. Patients will be sent away for up to 14 days with the separators in place. For the second appointment, the separators will be removed with dental probe. The correct size metal bands are then selected for the upper molar teeth. Once a correctly fitting band has been chosen, an impression (mould) of the upper teeth with the bands in place will be taken. The impression, together with the bands will be sent to the laboratory for construction of the TPA. Separators will be placed again until patients come back to have TPA fitted. If the mould of the teeth is scanned and printed out using three dimensions (3D) technology, the number of appointments could be reduced. The second appointment which requires molar bands selection, impression and replacement of separators of upper teeth could be skipped. Molar bands selection can be carried out outside the mouth and straight away sent to the laboratory for TPA construction. All parties involved, patients, clinicians and dental technologists will benefit the innovation by reduction of time spent for TPA related procedure. However, the study that compares innovated TPA from 3D reconstructed models and conventional method has never been done and related similar studies are very scarce.
This study is to establish a new, alternative stereotactic biopsy frame (AW frame) in the field of stereotactic neurosurgery.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of niraparib in combination with abiraterone acetate and prednisone (AA-P) compared to AA-P plus placebo.
This study will collect data on bleeds and data related to quality of life in people with severe congenital (a disease existing from birth) haemophilia A and B, with or without inhibitors. The aim for the study is to look at the number of bleeds when on usual treatment for haemophilia. Participants will be asked to keep an electronic diary to track the number of bleeds and the treatment of their bleeds. Participants will be asked to wear an activity tracker on their wrist to capture their level of activity every day for up to 12 weeks. While taking part in this study, participants will keep getting their usual treatment as given to them by their doctor. All study visits at the clinic are done in the same way as the participants are used to. In the time between the participants' visits to the clinic, the study staff at the clinic may call or email the participant. The study will last for about 1½ years.