There are about 998 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Malaysia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This project aims to study the benefits of probiotics namely Lactobacillus plantarum DR7 for brain health properties, primarily alleviation of stress, among adults in Malaysia aged from 18 to 60 years.
Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) is a state of decline in cognitive ability after surgery and is frequently seen among our elderly population. Many studies have looked into predictive risk factors for POCD while research is underway to search for pre-emptive measures to avoid this unfavourable outcome. Most will be looking at utilizing mobile software applications of cognitive training but in many poorer countries, owning electronic devices may not be an option or may be culturally less acceptable among the older patients. Hence, the investigators intend to investigate if a home-based logbook for cognitive training will reduce the incidence of POCD in a single centre study.
This retrospective cohort study aims to investigate the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of Hospital-acquired Acute Kidney Injury in Hospital Selayang, a tertiary hospital at Malaysia, over 15 years.
The purpose of this study is to determine in hospitalized infants and children who are infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) the dose-response relationship of multiple regimens of lumicitabine on antiviral activity based on nasal RSV shedding using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).
The purpose of this long-term follow-up (LTFU) study is to evaluate the incidence of the clinical diagnosis of asthma and the frequency of wheezing in infants and children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection who were treated with (lumicitabine or placebo) and have completed their last planned study‑related visit in a feeding Phase 2 study (64041575RSV2004).
Although the endometrium tissue has been traditionally considered free of bacteria, recent studies have documented the presence of an endometrial microbiome. In a pilot study conducted by our research team, the microorganisms present in the endometrium were analysed in samples of endometrial fluid (EF) using next generation sequencing (NGS).Consistent with previously published studies, in normal conditions the endometrium is mainly composed of different species of the genus Lactobacillus. It was further noted that the presence of other pathogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus, and/or Gardnerella may alter the endometrial microbiome and can disrupt the uterine environment, affecting implantation rates and pregnancy success. This project aims to validate the microbiome found in the endometrium of women of reproductive age and try to corroborate the relationship between the endometrial microbiome and the reproductive outcomes in patients undergoing assisted reproduction treatment (ART), using the endometrial fluid samples to generate and validate a new diagnostic tool for non-invasive endometrial receptivity. The use of Endometrial Receptivity Analysis (ERA) tool, together with the analysis of the endometrial flora before the embryo transfer will allow to evaluate the impact of the presence of endometrial pathogens on implantation in receptive patients. Therefore, the focus of this project is the development and clinical validation of a non-invasive diagnosis tool to analyse simultaneously the endometrial receptivity and microbiota, adding the microbiome study to the ERA analysis. This new tool will allow to evaluate the endometrial factor in a comprehensive way by using non-invasive methods that avoid endometrial biopsy (EB) collection and the discomfort caused to the patients.
Nowadays, more and more women embark on pregnancy with previous Caesarean scar. One in five pregnancies requires induction of labour. The use of non-pharmacological methods (methods without using medication) has been gaining popularity for women who are not good candidates, such as women with previous Caesarean scar, for an induction with medications such as prostaglandin. Labour induction with prostaglandin carries higher risk of uterine rupture and thus it is not routinely offered to women with previous Caesarean delivery in Sibu Hospital. Non-pharmacological methods of induction of labour appear to be safe in women with previous Caesarean delivery. However, various methods are available and the efficacy among them remain in doubt. In Sibu Hospital, membrane sweeping, which is a type of non-pharmacological method, is routinely offered to women with previous Caesarean delivery who require induction of labour. However, membrane sweeping may not exert its labour induction effect immediately and the delivery may be delayed by up to 8 days. This may render a proportion of women to resort to repeated Caesarean section for failed induction. Transcervical Foley catheter insertion is another non-pharmacological methods for labour induction. Foley catheter, which is made from latex rubber, is inserted into the womb. The balloon will be inflated and this put pressure on the cervix and encourages dilatation. This method may successfully stimulates labour and the catheter falls out once the cervix dilates to 3 centimeters. The benefits of the Foley catheter: - A favourable and safe option for mothers who are hoping for a vaginal birth after Caesarean. It is estimated that 4-7 in 10 women with previous Caesarean undergoing labour induction with Foley catheter will have successful vaginal births. - Cause the cervix to mechanically open without involving medication. - Reduced risk of uterine rupture compared to induction with prostaglandin. - Less risk of fetal distress compared to induction with prostaglandin. The risks of Foley catheter: - Vaginal bleeding (1.8%) - Pain requiring removal of catheter (1.7%) - Baby moving from head down to breech (1.3%) - Fever (1%) which is lower than induction with prostaglandin. - The risk of uterine rupture is similar to women undergoing spontaneous vaginal birth after Caesarean. The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two types of non-pharmacological methods, ie. membrane sweeping and transcervical Foley catheter for induction of labour in women with previous Caesarean delivery.
Over the decades, male condoms had been widely commercialized and used to protect against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STI). While natural rubber latex (NRL) male condoms has majority proportion of male condoms in the market, synthetic male condoms (SMC) made from polyurethane or other synthetic materials remain new to the consumers. Notably, synthetic male condoms are found to be more durable, non-allergenic and have better compatibility with lubricants when compared to NRL male condoms. The SMCs that have FDA approval and commercially available are AvantiTM (polyisoprene condom), Trojan SupraTM (polyurethane condom) and eZ.onTM (polyurethane condom). Although the effectiveness of SMCs in the prevention of sexually transmitted infections has yet to be established, SMCs are believed to be comparable to NRL male condoms in both STI prevention and contraception protection. Notwithstanding, a recent literature had reported the shortfall on the quality of variant male condoms in the market, especially nonconforming volumetric capacity, burst pressure and freedom from holes. This warrant the current investigation, to evaluate the functional performances of two newly invented synthetic male condoms, branded as "WONDALEAF-CAP" (WLC) and "WONDALEAF-ON-MAN" (WLM). Apart from being made of polyurethane, the major feature of WLC and WLM are nonetheless their adhesive coating on the outer rim of the condom opening which by securely adhering to the foreskin, prevent slippage of condom and spillage of male ejaculate or secretions when the penis is flaccid, and thereby improve the user-friendliness of condom usage.
Currently there are no study related to Indirect Calorimetry (IC) has been done among hospitalised Malaysian ICU adult patients with its racial mix. The aim of this study is to perform a cross-sectional study in Malaysian critically ill patients to determine metabolic determinants that might influence resting energy expenditure (REE) and to develop predictive equation for the estimation of energy requirement using the regression based approach to increase the accuracy in calorie prescriptions. In addition, expected outcome of this study is to determine which equations have clinical usefulness among Malaysian adult critically ill patients and hope to introduce into routine clinical practice in the future if IC is not available.
This is a prospective randomised clinical trial performed in a single center at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Kelantan, Malaysia. Participants will be randomly allocated into either the empirical group or guided group for 8 weeks.The effectiveness in relieving chest pain (frequency and severity) will assessed after 2 weeks and 8 weeks of therapy with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GERDQ) and Quality of Life Reflux and Dyspepsia (QOLRAD) questionnaire, and visual analogue scale (VAS) (score 1-10).