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NCT ID: NCT03738397 Not yet recruiting - Atopic Dermatitis Clinical Trials

A Study to Compare Safety and Efficacy of Upadacitinib to Dupilumab in Adult Participants With Moderate to Severe Atopic Dermatitis

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Start date: December 13, 2018
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This is a phase 3, randomized, multi-center study that will evaluate upadacitinib versus dupilumab in adults (18-75 years of age) with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD) who are candidates for systemic therapy. The study is comprised of a 35-day screening period, a 24-week blinded treatment period, and a 12-week follow-up period.

NCT ID: NCT03737890 Completed - Clinical trials for Pulmonary Function in Frail Elderly

Hold Relax Pectoral Stretch vs Inspiratory Muscle Training

Start date: December 11, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Frailty is a clinical syndrome that alters the structure and function of respiratory system which causes stiffness of thoracic cage and reduces the chest wall compliance in addition of respiratory muscle weakness that can lead to the reduction of pulmonary function. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and hold-relax pectoral stretch on pulmonary function (FVC, FEV1 and FEV1/FVC) among frail elderly

NCT ID: NCT03723265 Recruiting - Heart Failure Clinical Trials

Personalized CRT - PSR

Start date: January 2012
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) response in a real-world patient population and evaluate options to address non-response and patient management.

NCT ID: NCT03715790 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Acute Myocardial Infarction

Improve SCA Bridge Study

Start date: November 2018
Study type: Observational

The purpose of the Improve SCA Bridge study is to characterize the care pathway flow of post‐acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients as a result of standard assessments of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in the acute phase (≤14 days post‐ acute MI) and chronic phase (≥40‐90 days post‐acute MI).

NCT ID: NCT03686098 Enrolling by invitation - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

The Malaysian Soy and Mammographic Density Study

Start date: October 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Globally, breast cancer is the most common cancer and the main cause of deaths due to cancer. This is attributed to changes in reproductive habits as well as an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, with low physical activity and diets rich in saturated fats but low in fiber. While the main focus in many Asian countries is to improve survival from breast cancer by encouraging early detection of the disease and improving access to cancer treatment, it does not reduce the number of women who will be diagnosed with breast cancer in the years to come. Currently, there is an urgent need to develop effective strategies to prevent breast cancer in Asia and beyond. Soy may be an important dietary strategy for breast cancer prevention. Compared to women in the West, Asian women consume up to 10-fold more soy in their diet, which may, in part, explain their lower risk of breast cancer. Soybeans are rich in isoflavones, which can mimic estrogenic activity. In the body, it competes with estrogen and binds to estrogen receptor sites, thereby reducing the effect of estrogen and possibly lowering breast cancer risk. Consistently, research has shown that Asian postmenopausal women who have high soy diets are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer. However, researchers have not been able to show that postmenopausal women can reduce their breast cancer risk by increasing soy intake as part of their diets. There are several reasons why these studies have failed to see an effect despite the body of evidence indicating that soy may be protective. Firstly, these are studies of Caucasian women who may have never been exposed to soy, particularly in adolescence, where soy may have the greatest impact. Also, these studies have used soy isoflavone supplements, rather than traditional soy foods made from whole soybeans, which may affect how soy is metabolized in the body. Lastly, the way in which mammographic density measurements were obtained previously could have negatively influenced the study results, such as the use of digitized images of mammogram films rather than raw digital images and the use of semi-automated methods that may be subject to human error and reader variability. Therefore, a well-designed intervention study among Asian women living in Asia, using suitable mammographic density measures as a surrogate marker of breast cancer risk, will best answer these remaining gaps in our knowledge about the soy-breast cancer relationship.

NCT ID: NCT03667755 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Fast Track Recovery Surgery

Fast Track Recovery Surgery Among Gynecologic Oncology Patients

Start date: October 3, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Pragmatic opened labeled trial. Participants will be randomly divided into control & intervention group during admission to hospital using random numbers. Participants were randomized into two groups: the carbohydrate-protein (CHO-P) group and control (CO) group. Participants were given a specific drink to their group on the evening prior to surgery and three hours before operation. The CHO-P group received 474ml (evening drink) or 237ml (3hours prior to operation drink) of a solution contain 14% whey protein, 86% carbohydrates and 0% lipids and the CO group nil-by-mouth at 12 midnight day of operation. All participants fasted for solids for 6 hours from the operation.

NCT ID: NCT03661385 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Low Cardiac Output Syndrome

Nitric Oxide During Bypass for Arterial Switch Operation

Start date: July 11, 2018
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This trial will test if adding nitric oxide (NO) gas to the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit in infants undergoing an arterial switch operation (ASO) for Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA) changes the incidence of major postoperative adverse events (AEs). Major postoperative AEs include cardiac arrest, emergency chest opening, use of ECMO (machine that acts as an artificial heart and lung during surgery), and death. Participants will be randomised to receive oxygen plus nitric oxide (intervention arm) or oxygen without nitric oxide (control arm) during CPB.

NCT ID: NCT03659461 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Levels, Insulin Resistance and Insulin Sensitivity Index in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Start date: October 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study is conducted to examine GLP-1, insulin resistance and insulin sensitivity portfolio in Malay, Chinese and Indian populations in Malaysia and to study the effect of DPPIV inhibitor in T2DM patients with different GLP-levels.

NCT ID: NCT03656510 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections

Study to Evaluate Safety and Antiviral Activity of Doses of JNJ-53718678 in Children (>=28 Days to <=3 Years) With Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection

Start date: November 14, 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the antiviral activity, clinical outcomes, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationships of different oral dose levels of JNJ-53718678 in children greater than or equal to 28 days and less than or equal to 3 years of age with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease (hospitalized participants [Cohort 1] or outpatients [Cohort 2]).

NCT ID: NCT03653026 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Ulcerative Colitis (UC)

A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Upadacitinib (ABT-494) in Participants With Moderately to Severely Active Ulcerative Colitis

Start date: October 29, 2018
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Upadacitinib compared to placebo in inducing clinical remission (per Adapted Mayo score) in subjects with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC).