There are about 1 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Kiribati. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Kiritimati is an isolated coral atoll in the Pacific Ocean, and is one of 32 islands that comprise the Republic of Kiribati. Obesity and type 2 diabetes rates are high in Kiribati, but the causes and rates of childhood obesity/diabetes are unknown. However, it has been hypothesized that high consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages on Kiritimati may be a contributing factor. The investigators therefore conducted a study in Kiritimati in September 2018 with the aim of 1) quantifying obesity and diabetes rates amongst children on Kiritimati and 2) testing the feasibility of a sugar-reduction intervention in Kiritimati schools. The investigators randomized the two high schools on the island to either the control group or the intervention group. The investigators measured height/weight, continuous blood glucose (using flash glucose monitoring), and diet (using 24-hour diet recalls). One week into the study, the intervention school received an intervention, which consisted of installation of a water filter at the school, the provision of water bottles to each student at the school, and a 30-minute educational presentation on the link between sugar consumption and type 2 diabetes. The investigators then measured how blood glucose and diet changed the week following the intervention, and compared this to the control school.