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NCT ID: NCT05687266 Recruiting - NSCLC Clinical Trials

Study of Datopotamab Deruxtecan (Dato-DXd) in Combination With Durvalumab and Carboplatin for First-Line Treatment of Patients With Advanced NSCLC Without Actionable Genomic Alterations

AVANZAR
Start date: December 29, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This is a Phase III, randomized, open-label, multicenter, global study to compare the efficacy and safety of Datopotamab Deruxtecan (Dato-DXd) in combination with durvalumab and carboplatin compared with pembrolizumab in combination with histology-specific platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment of adults with stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV NSCLC without actionable genomic alterations (including sensitizing EGFR mutations, and ALK and ROS1 rearrangements).

NCT ID: NCT05686070 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Acute Non-cardioembolic Ischemic Stroke

A Study to Learn More About Asundexian (Also Called BAY2433334) for Prevention of Ischemic Stroke in Male and Female Participants Aged 18 Years and Older Who Already Had Such a Stroke Due to a Blood Clot That Formed Outside the Heart and Travelled to the Brain, or Temporary Stroke-like Symptoms

OCEANIC-STROKE
Start date: February 16, 2023
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Researchers are looking for a better way to prevent an ischemic stroke which occurs when a blood clot travelled to the brain in people who within the last 72 hours had: - a stroke due to a blood clot that formed outside the heart (acute non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke), or - temporary stroke-like symptoms with a high risk of turning into a stroke (high-risk transient ischemic attack), and who are planned to receive standard of care therapy. Ischemic strokes or transient ischemic attacks result from a blocked or reduced blood flow to a part of the brain. They are caused by blood clots that travel to the brain and block the vessels that supply it. If these blood clots form elsewhere than in the heart, the stroke is called non-cardioembolic. People who already had a non-cardioembolic stroke are more likely to have another stroke. This is why they are treated preventively with an antiplatelet therapy, the current standard of care. Antiplatelet medicines prevent platelets, components of blood clotting, from clumping together. Anticoagulants are another type of medicine that prevents blood clots from forming by interfering with a process known as coagulation (or blood clotting). The study treatment asundexian is a new type of anticoagulant currently under development to provide further treatment options. The way it works, it aims to further improve the standard of care with regard to the risk of bleeding. The main purpose of this study is to learn whether asundexian works better than placebo at reducing ischemic strokes in participants who recently had a non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke or temporary stroke-like symptoms when given in addition to standard antiplatelet therapy. A placebo is a treatment that looks like a medicine but does not have any medicine in it. Another aim is to compare the occurrence of major bleeding events during the study between the asundexian and the placebo group. Major bleedings have a serious or even life-threatening impact on a person's health. Dependent on the treatment group, the participants will either take asundexian or placebo as tablets once a day for at least 3 months up to 31 months. Approximately every 3 months during the treatment period, either a phone call or a visit to the study site is scheduled on an alternating basis. In addition, one visit before and up to two visits after the treatment period are planned. During the study, the study team will: - Check vital signs such as blood pressure and heart rate - Examine the participants' heart health using an electrocardiogram (ECG) - Take blood samples - Ask the participants questions about how they are feeling and what adverse events they are having. An adverse event is any medical problem that a participant has during a study. Doctors keep track of all adverse events that happen in studies, even if they do not think the adverse events might be related to the study treatments. In addition, the participants will be asked to complete a questionnaire on quality of life at certain time points during the study.

NCT ID: NCT05685238 Not yet recruiting - Haemophilia A Clinical Trials

A Research Study Looking at Long-term Treatment With Mim8 in People With Haemophilia A (FRONTIER 4)

FRONTIER4
Start date: February 3, 2023
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study is looking at how Mim8 works in people with haemophilia A, who either have inhibitors or do not have inhibitors. Mim8 is a new medicine that will be used to avoid bleeding episodes. Mim8 works by replacing the function of the missing clotting factor VIII (FVIII). When and how often the participants will receive Mim8 in this study depends on the treatment participant receives in the current Mim8 study participant is taking part in. The study will last for up to 5.5 years. The duration of the study depends on when the participant enrolled in this study. The study will end if Mim8 is approved and marketed in participant's country during the study, or the study will end in 2028, whichever comes first. Mim8 will be injected under the skin with a thin needle either once a week, once every two weeks or once a month. Participants will get up to 262 injections; the number of injections depends on how often participants will get injections. While taking part in this study, there are some restrictions about what medicine participants can use. The study doctor will tell the participants more about this. In case the participants experience bleeds, these can be treated with additional haemostatic medicine as agreed with the study doctor. Female participants cannot take part if they are pregnant, breast-feeding or plan to get pregnant during the study period.

NCT ID: NCT05669755 Not yet recruiting - Obesity Clinical Trials

REDEFINE 3: A Research Study to See the Effects of CagriSema on Heart Disease in People Living With Obesity and Diseases in the Heart and Blood Vessels

REDEFINE 3
Start date: March 1, 2023
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study will look at the effects of CagriSema on cardiovascular events (for example heart attack and stroke) in people living with obesity and cardiovascular disease. Participants will either get CagriSema or a dummy medicine which has no effect on the body. Which treatment participants will get will be decided by chance. Participant's chance of getting CagriSema or placebo is the same. Participants will take one injection once a week. The study medicine will be injected briefly with a thin needle, typically in the stomach, thighs or upper arms. The study will last for about 3 years. Participants will have 22 clinic visits with the study doctor or study staff. Women cannot take part if pregnant, breastfeeding or plan to get pregnant during the study period. Women who are able to become pregnant must use highly effective birth control and will be counselled on the use of birth control.

NCT ID: NCT05652205 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Functional Constipation (FC)

A Study to Assess Adverse Events and Change in Symptoms With Linaclotide Versus Placebo in Pediatric Subjects, Ages 2 to 5 Years, With Functional Constipation

Start date: December 29, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Functional constipation (FC) is a common healthcare problem in children of all ages, potentially due to genetic predisposition, inadequate fiber and fluid intake, and immobility. Currently, there are no pharmacological therapies approved for the treatment of FC. This study will assess adverse events and change in disease activity with linaclotide therapy in participants with FC. Linaclotide is an approved drug being developed for the treatment of FC in pediatric patients who meet modified Rome IV criteria for childhood FC. In Part 1 of this study, participants are placed in 1 of 2 groups, called treatment arms. Each group receives a different treatment. There is a 1 in 2 chance that participants will be assigned to placebo. All participants in Part 2 will receive linaclotide. Approximately 100 participants aged 2 to 5 years with FC will be enrolled in this study at around 45 sites worldwide. Participants will receive daily doses of oral Linaclotide capsules or matching placebo for 12 weeks in Part 1 of the study. In Part 2, the open label long-term safety extension, participants with FC who completed study intervention in Part 1 of Study M21-572 or the Phase 2 Study LIN-MD-67 will receive linaclotide for 24 weeks. There may be higher treatment burden for participants in this trial compared to their standard of care (due to study procedures). Participants will attend visits during the study at a hospital or clinic. The effect of the treatment will be checked by medical assessments, blood tests, checking for side effects and completing questionnaires.

NCT ID: NCT05649137 Recruiting - Obesity Clinical Trials

A Research Study to See How Semaglutide Helps People With Excess Weight and Type 2 Diabetes Lose Weight

Start date: January 4, 2023
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study will look at how much weight participants will lose and how much blood sugar control they achieve from the start to the end of the study. The weight loss in participants taking the investigational high dose of semaglutide will be compared to the weight loss in people taking "dummy" medicine and a lower dose of semaglutide. In addition to taking the medicine, participants will have talks with study staff about healthy food choices and how to be more physically active. Participants will either get semaglutide or "dummy" medicine. Which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Participants are more likely (4 out of 5) to get semaglutide than the "dummy" medicine. The study medicine will be injected briefly, under skin, with a thin needle, typically in the stomach, thighs, or upper arms. After receiving first dose, the dose of semaglutide will be gradually increased until reaching the target dose. The study will last for about 1.5 years.

NCT ID: NCT05648383 Recruiting - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Promote Health With Digital Tools Among Adults With Type 2 Diabetes/Prediabetes and/or Hypertension

DigiCare4You
Start date: October 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The DigiCare4You project will use digital tools for early screening, prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and hypertension (HTN). An implementation study will be conducted, targeting more than 10,000 families in two Middle Income Countries (Albania and Bulgaria) and two High Income Countries (Greece and Spain), considering vulnerable groups. Schools will be used as an entry point to the community. Building on an existing procedure for children's periodic growth assessment, conducted by school nurses or in collaboration with local community health centers, parents/ caregivers will be screened via a non-invasive self-reported digital screening tool. Those identified at high risk for T2D will be referred for glycaemia testing (fasting plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin, HbA1c), as well as blood pressure (BP) measurements, at local community health centers. Parents/ caregivers confirmed to have pre-diabetes or diabetes (and possibly high BP) will be invited to join a mHealth self-management intervention coordinated by the community healthcare workforce. The goal of this intervention is to involve high-risk adults in the treatment process and decision-making on personalized behavioral goals (e.g. diet, physical activity, smoking, alcohol, medication compliance) that meet their needs, and ultimately improve the health status of parents/caregivers, as well as the lifestyle of the entire family.

NCT ID: NCT05646706 Recruiting - Obesity Clinical Trials

A Research Study to See How Semaglutide Helps People With Excess Weight, Lose Weight (STEP UP)

STEP UP
Start date: January 4, 2023
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study will look at how much weight participants will lose from the start to the end of the study. The weight loss in participants taking the investigational high dose of semaglutide will be compared to the weight loss in people taking "dummy" medicine and a lower dose of semaglutide. In addition to taking the medicine, participants will have talks with study staff about healthy food choices and how to be more physically active. Participants will either get semaglutide or "dummy" medicine. Which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Participants are more likely (4 out of 5) to get semaglutide than the "dummy" medicine. The study medicine will be injected briefly, under skin, with a thin needle, typically in the stomach, thighs, or upper arms. In the first part of the study, participants will get one injection once a week until they reach the planned dose. The second part of the study, which might last a couple of months, is a transition period, where participant will get three injections, taken right after each other, once a week. The duration of the study intervention (trial product and lifestyle intervention) will be 72 weeks followed by a 9-week follow-up period without study interventions.

NCT ID: NCT05643573 Recruiting - Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Trials

A Study to Learn How Well the Study Treatment Asundexian Works and How Safe it is Compared to Apixaban to Prevent Stroke or Systemic Embolism in People With Irregular and Often Rapid Heartbeat (Atrial Fibrillation), and at Risk for Stroke

OCEANIC-AF
Start date: December 5, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Researchers are looking for a better way to treat people with atrial fibrillation and prevent stroke or systemic embolism (blood clots travelling through the blood stream to plug another vessel). Atrial fibrillation is a condition of having irregular and often rapid heartbeat. It can lead to the formation of blood clots in the heart which can travel through the blood stream to plug another vessel, and like this lead to serious and life-threatening conditions, such as a stroke. A stroke occurs because the brain tissue beyond the blockage no longer receives nutrients and oxygen so that brain cells die. As strokes arising from atrial fibrillation can involve extensive areas of the brain, it is important to prevent them. Blood clots are formed in a process known as coagulation. Medications are already available to prevent the formation of blood clots. When taken by mouth (orally), they are known as oral anticoagulants (OACs) including apixaban. OACs decrease the risk of the above-mentioned serious and life-threatening conditions. The main side effect of OACs is an increase of the risk of bleeding. The study treatment asundexian is a new type of anticoagulant currently under development to provide further treatment options. The way it works, it aims to further improve the standard of care with regard to the risk of bleeding. The main purpose of this study is to collect more data about how well asundexian works to prevent stroke and systemic embolism and how safe it is compared to apixaban in people with atrial fibrillation and at high risk for stroke. To see how well the study treatment asundexian works researchers compare: - how long asundexian works well and - how long apixaban works well after the start of the treatment. Working well means that the treatments can prevent the following from happening: - stroke and/or - systemic embolism. The study will keep collecting data until a certain number of strokes or embolisms happen in the study. To see how safe asundexian is, the researchers will compare how often major bleedings occur after taking the study treatments asundexian and apixaban, respectively. Major bleedings are bleedings that have a serious or even life-threatening impact on a person's health. The study participants will be randomly (by chance) assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups, A and B. Dependent on the treatment group, the participants will either take the study treatment asundexian by mouth once a day or apixaban by mouth twice a day for approximately 9 - 33 months. Each participant will be in the study for approximately 9 - 34 months. There will be visits to the study site every 3 to 6 months and up to 7 phone calls. Those participants who do not want or are unable to have visits to the study site may join the study remotely in selected countries. All visits for these participants will be done using electronic devices. During the study, the study team will: - take blood samples - do physical examinations - examine heart health using an electrocardiogram (ECG) - check vital signs such as blood pressure and heart rate - do pregnancy tests - ask the participants questions about their quality of life - ask the participants questions about how they are feeling and what adverse events they are having. An adverse event is any medical problem that a participant has during a study. Doctors keep track of all adverse events that happen in studies, even if they do not think the adverse events might be related to the study treatments.

NCT ID: NCT05637515 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Severe Chronic Plaque Psoriasis

Hulio Interchangeability to Humira®, Comparing Pharmacokinetics, Efficacy, Safety and Immunogenicity

Start date: November 21, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Hulio is a monoclonal antibody currently approved as a biosimilar to European Union approved and United States (US)-Licensed Humira. This is a multicenter, randomized blinded, parallel group, interchangeability study in subjects with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis, undergoing repeated switches between Humira and Hulio. The study is designed to confirm the pharmacokinetic equivalence of alternating between the use of Humira and Hulio and, Humira without such alternation or switch, in accordance with the US Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry, Considerations in Demonstrating Interchangeability with a Reference Product. The study will also assess safety, efficacy and immunogenicity between these two groups.