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Clinical Trial Summary

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most prevalent congenital malformation affecting 1 in 100 newborns per year. Children with CHD are a known risk population for brain injury, with neurodevelopmental alterations shown over time in up to 50% of cases. No adequate description exists of the type of neurocognitive anomalies or risk factors associated with CHD, and consequently no prognostic markers that may allow identification of high-risk cases are available.

Clinical Trial Description

The main objectives of this study are: 1. to describe the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with CHD at 24 months of age; 2. identify the subgroup with poorer outcome; and 3. evaluate the utility of fetal and postnatal diagnostic techniques for early detection of patients at risk for altered neurological outcomes.

Seven Spanish referral centers for CHD included in the research network on maternal and child health currently participating in this prospective multicentric case-control coordinated study. Fetuses with CHD (transposition of great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot, hypoplastic left heart syndrome and septal defects) will be studied from 24 weeks of gestation to 2 years of age. Diagnostic tests will be repeated throughout the study in all patients, from the fetal period to 24 months of age, and will include: fetal cerebral hemodynamic Doppler assessment, functional echocardiography, brain MRI, regional cerebral oxymetry, electroencephalography and serum neurological and cardiac biomarkers analysis. Neurodevelopmental assessment will be made at 12 months of age using the ages and stages questionnaire (ASQ) and at 24 months of age with the Bayley-III test. From this data, statistical analysis will select the most useful as predictors of damage; to be then combined and create algorithms for predicting brain damage and poor neurodevelopment. Once description has been made, we will proceed to identify amongst our results, children with the poorest neurological outcome and remark possible common prenatal and early life markers in them as well as the CHD severity they present.

While advances in early diagnosis and postnatal management have increased survival in CHD children, worrying long-term outcomes, particularly neurodevelopmental disability, have emerged as a key prognostic factor in the counseling of these pregnancies. Evidence available does not allow clinicians to assess on neurological prognosis although has opened up the possibility of finding prenatal markers of brain damage. Even though, no prospective studies have been performed until now. We present a multicentric prospective study able to recruit enough fetal CHD affected pregnancies to obtain neurological prognostic tools. ;

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT02996630
Study type Interventional
Source Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron Research Institute
Contact Irene Ribera, MD
Phone 934893000
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date May 2013
Completion date May 2018

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