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Clinical Trial Summary

Background: In Fontan Associated Liver Disease (FALD), congestion of blood in the liver causes cirrhosis. This condition can cause death. Researchers want to understand what triggers this process and find new treatments for it. Objective: To understand how long-term congestion of blood in the liver causes liver scarring that eventually leads to cirrhosis. Eligibility: People aged 18 and older who are at risk of developing FALD from the Fontan procedure. Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Blood and urine tests Liver ultrasound. This uses sound waves to take pictures of the body. Participants will have an outpatient visit within 12 weeks after screening. Within 24 weeks later, they will have a 3-day hospital stay. About 2 weeks later, they will have a follow-up visit. Visits will include repeats of the screening tests and: Heart tests Stool collection Questionnaires MRI of the liver. Participants will lie on a bed that slides in and out of the scanner. They will receive a contrast agent injected into a vein. While in the scanner, they will also have an MRCP to view the bile ducts and the pancreatic duct. Fibroscan exam. This is an ultrasound that uses a special probe to look at the toughness of the liver. Upper endoscopy. This uses a thin scope to look inside the upper digestive tract. Liver biopsy. This will be taken through large vein in the neck or through the chest. Just before the biopsy, participants will have pressure measurements inside their liver. For this, a catheter will be inserted into a neck vein and guided into the liver.

Clinical Trial Description

Study Description: Up to 100 subjects who completed the Fontan procedure for severe Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) and are at risk for congestive hepatopathy or Fontan Associated Liver Disease (FALD) will be offered inclusion in the study. During the study we will pursue novel biomarkers for disease severity. Objectives: Primary Objective: The goal of this study is to globally investigate a large cohort of FALD subjects to generate an understanding of how congestive hepatopathy drives the pathogenesis of cirrhosis in FALD. We will use our findings to generate novel biomarkers that will enable improved follow-up of subjects and enhance transplant decision making. Secondary Objectives: 1. Measurement of TGF-beta serum levels in Fontan subjects and comparing them to liver tissue biopsies in hope of pursuing a novel biomarker for the development of advanced FALD. 2. Evaluation of FALD subjects coagulation profile including von Willebrand factor assessment and correlating it to disease severity by liver biopsy. 3. Comparison of PAR-1 and PAR-2 receptor staining from liver tissue biopsies of Fontan subjects and corelate their presence to the severity of the subjects FALD. 4. Identification of genetic modifiers of FALD 5. Evaluation of hepatic transcriptome in various stages of FALD. 6. Characterization of microbiome signatures in FALD Endpoints: Primary Endpoints: 1. Identification of novel biomarkers correlating with disease progression markers in Fontan Associated Liver Disease. 2. Develop an understanding of the biological mechanisms and the genetic modifiers of the progression of Fontan Associated Liver Disease. Secondary Endpoints: 1. TGF-beta superfamily measurement in serum and establishment of a cut-off level correlating with FALD severity. 2. Complete coagulation profile measurement and vWF-Ag quantification with establishment of cut- offs correlating with FALD severity. 3. PAR-1 and PAR-2 immuno-staining in Fontan subjects liver tissue biopsies. 4. Establishment of positive or negative correlation between candidate susceptible genes and disease phenotype. 5. Identification of novel markers of fibrosis or the development of hepatic neoplasia from transcriptome analysis. 6. Characterization of microbiome signatures (taxonomic and functional), as well as identification of specific species. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05213598
Study type Observational
Source National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Contact Elenita Rivera, R.N.
Phone (301) 435-6125
Status Recruiting
Start date September 7, 2022
Completion date June 30, 2051

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