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Clinical Trial Summary

The sensitivity of a persons cough reflex can be measured by getting them to breath in (inhale) irritant chemicals. The purpose of this clinical research study is to test the sensitivity of the cough reflex to a variety of chemicals that can be inhaled to see if coughing responses are different between healthy people and people with respiratory problems that make them cough.

Clinical Trial Description

Coughing is a distressing symptom which has a major impact on quality of life. It has been estimated that cough costs the UK economy £1 billion each year. Currently there are no effective anti-tussive agents to treat subjects with cough. Although drugs such as morphine may have some anti-tussive effect, side effects unacceptable.

Currently our understanding of the mechanisms which lead to coughing in different diseases is poor. Many mechanistic studies rely on testing the sensitivity of the cough reflex by inhalation of capsaicin (chilli-pepper extract) or citric acid. These challenges do not differentiate well between health and disease or between different disease states. Other agents such as prostaglandins and bradykinin are known to stimulate a coughing but responses to these agents have rarely been used as a measure of cough reflex sensitivity and not been compared to standard challenges.

It is clear that patients with common airway diseases such as COPD and asthma cough significantly more than healthy subjects. Moreover subjects presenting with chronic cough have cough rates an order of magnitude higher than most patients with airway disease. These differences are poorly represented by the differences in current cough challenge tests.

The investigators hypothesize that patterns of cough responses to different tussive agent may better differentiate between health and different disease states. These patterns may also suggest the different mechanisms leading to cough in different diseases. ;

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT01297790
Study type Observational
Source University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date November 2009
Completion date May 2011

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