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Clinical Trial Summary

This study was designed to assess the effect of a 12-week aquatic-based plyometric (Aqua-PLYO) training on postural control and functional performance in children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy (h-CP). Fifty-six children with h-CP were randomly allocated to the Aqua-PLYO group (n = 28, received an Aqua-PLYO training program, trice/week, over 12 weeks) or the control group (n =28, received standard rehabilitation). Both groups were assessed for postural control and functional performance pre and post-treatment.

Clinical Trial Description

Fifty-six children with h-CP were recruited from the Physical Therapy Outpatient Clinic of College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, King Khalid Hospital, and a tertiary referral hospital, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia. Their age ranged between 12 and 16 years, were functioning at levels I or II on the Gross Motor Function Classification System, and had spasticity level 1 or 1+ per the Modified Ashworth Scale. Children were excluded if they had fixed deformities, had leg-length discrepancy, underwent neuromuscular or orthopedic surgery in the last 12 months, submitted to BOTOX injection in the past 6 months, attentional neglect, cardiopulmonary problems preventing them from performing high-intense exercise training. Outcome measures 1. Postural control: The dynamic limits of stability (LOSdynamic) indices were measured through the Balance Master system. 2. Functional performance: Functional performance was quantified using the 30-second sit-to-stand test (30sec-STS), Timed Up and Down Stairs test (TUDS), and the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI). The Aqua-PLYO group received a 12-week Aqua-PLYO training, 45 minutes per session, three times a week for 12 consecutive weeks, in conformity with the National Strength and Conditioning Association guidelines and American Academy of Pediatrics safety standards. The Aqua-PLYO program consisted of ten unilateral and bilateral lower limb plyometrics in the form of hopping/bounding/jumping activities conducted in a water medium. The Aqua-PLYO training included a warm-up for 10 minutes and a cool-down for10 minutes. The control group received the usual physical therapy care, 45 minutes per session, three times a week for 12 consecutive weeks. The program consisted of advanced balance training, and gait training exercises, postural and flexibility exercises, strength training exercises. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05198999
Study type Interventional
Source Cairo University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date August 6, 2018
Completion date September 26, 2019

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