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Clinical Trial Summary

The aim is to investigate the effect of an 8-week moderate-intensity exercise program on aerobic fitness and cardiac contractility in patients with truncations of the sarcomeric protein titin.

Clinical Trial Description

Mutations leading to truncations of the large sarcomeric protein titin was discovered in 2012 as the most prevalent genetic cause of familial dilated cardiomyopathy, affecting approximately 25% of all cases of familial dilated cardiomyopathy. The dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype associated with truncating titin variants (TTNtv) is associated with a high prevalence of arrhythmias but is generally thought to represent a relatively mild DCM phenotype, which often responds well to medical therapy. In vitro experiments on human induced pluripotent stem cells show that TTNtv leads to sarcomere insufficiency, impaired responses to mechanical and β-adrenergic stress, and attenuated growth factor and cell signaling activation. Experiments in animal models suggest patients with TTNtv are intolerant to long-lasting hemodynamic stress. This finding is supported by clinical studies in which a significant proportion of patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy, alcoholic cardiomyopathy and chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy were found to carry TTNtv. So far, no interventional studies have been carried out specifically in patients with TTNtv. In an older study putative variants in TTN have been suggested to be associated with cardiac adaptations to endurance training, namely the rate of change in stroke volume during submaximal exercise. Previous interventional exercise-studies in patients with a range of mutations in genes encoding proteins of the cytoskeleton, sarcomere, ion-channels and enzymes of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, safely improves oxidative fitness. Studies carried out on patients with heart failure of mixed etiologies and in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy reveals similar beneficial effects of exercise. These studies reject the idea that training "diseased" muscle tissue leads to further muscle damage or is ineffective. Many patients with cardiomyopathy often lead a sedentary life but aspire to live a physically active lifestyle and take advantage of the many documented health benefits of exercise. However, recommendations for engaging in physical activity in patients with heart failure and cardiomyopathies are vague since proper evidence does not exist for each genetic disorder. In large-scale, prospective studies, it has been shown that physical fitness level and all-cause mortality are inversely related, even when corrected for other known risk factors. VO2peak reflects the physiological correlate of oxidative capacity in the muscular and cardiovascular systems. Low VO2peak is linked with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease, cancer and metabolic syndrome. As a result, increasing VO2peak in patients with cardiomyopathy, who often have low baseline values of VO2peak, could lead to substantial long-term health benefits. The study is an open label, non-randomized clinical crossover trial, investigating the effect of an 8-week exercise program in patients with pathogenic TTN variants that dispose or has resulted in cardiomyopathy. The crossover trial has a two-period design. In the first study period, participants will not be exposed to any intervention and will be advised to not start any new medications, diets or participate in any activities which could influence their health. In the second period, participants will perform regular moderate-intensity exercise 3 times/week. Both study periods will last 8 weeks. Our hypothesis is that moderate-intensity exercise training safely improves oxidative capacity and that beneficial effects are partly caused by improvements in cardiac contractility. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05180188
Study type Interventional
Source Rigshospitalet, Denmark
Contact Ida F Flensted, MS
Phone +4535456135
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 2022
Completion date July 2023

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