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Clinical Trial Summary

This study's objective is to identify and test pragmatic and sustainable strategies for implementing a multi-condition clinical pathway intervention for children hospitalized with asthma, pneumonia, or bronchiolitis in community hospitals. The hypothesis is that the multi-condition pathway intervention will be associated with significantly greater increases in clinicians' adoption of evidence-based practices compared to control. The study is a pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial in US community hospitals. The primary outcome will be adoption of evidence-based practices over a sustained period of 2 years. Secondary outcomes include length of hospital stay, intensive care unit transfer, and hospital readmission/emergency department revisit.


Clinical Trial Description

Asthma, pneumonia, and bronchiolitis are the top causes of childhood hospitalization in the US, leading to approximately 350,000 hospitalizations and $2 billion in costs annually. Poor guideline adoption by clinicians contributes to poor health outcomes for children hospitalized with these respiratory illnesses, including longer recovery time/hospital stay, higher rates of transfer to intensive care units, and increased risk of hospital readmission. Pathways can improve clinicians' adoption of evidence-based practices/guidelines in both children's and community hospital settings. Pathways are simple, visual diagrams that guide clinicians step-by-step through the evidence-based care of a specific medical condition (accessed via paper or electronically). Most hospitals implement pathways for a single medical condition at a time (e.g., asthma). But Seattle Children's Hospital developed an intervention for simultaneously implementing pathways for multiple conditions. This intervention led to sustained guideline adoption, decreased length of stay, and decreased costs; and, these effects were comparable to those shown with single-condition pathway implementation. This multi-condition pathway intervention has not yet been studied in community hospitals, which face unique implementation barriers. The study's objective is to identify and test pragmatic and sustainable strategies for implementing a multi-condition pathway intervention for children hospitalized with asthma, pneumonia, or bronchiolitis in community hospitals. The study is a pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial in US community hospitals. The pathway intervention will be implemented using the key implementation strategies defined for this intervention (audit and feedback, electronic health record integration, plan-do-study-act cycles). The primary outcome will be adoption of evidence-based practices over a sustained period of 2 years. Secondary outcomes include length of hospital stay, intensive care unit transfer, and hospital readmission/emergency department revisit. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05206695
Study type Interventional
Source University of California, San Francisco
Contact Sunitha V Kaiser, MD, MSc
Phone 415-476-3392
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date April 1, 2022
Completion date November 30, 2025

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