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Our study is a prospective double-blind randomized study performed in the Emergency Department (ED). The objective of our study was to demonstrate the additive effect of high and repeated doses of inhaled budesonide combined with the standard treatment of acute asthma in adult managed in the ED
A trial to investigate if a single dose of the oral corticosteroid, Dexamethasone is as effective in treating exacerbations of asthma in children as 3 days of treatment with another oral corticosteroid, Prednisolone
Leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs) are well established in the management of outpatient asthma. Montelukast is a potent, specific, orally active, cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist with a rapid onset of action.However, there is very little information as to their role in acute asthma exacerbations. The purpose of this study is to determine if adding oral montelukast to the maximal standard treatment in children hospitalized for acute asthma has any additive benefit.
The purpose of this study is to find out whether adjunct treatment with inhaled corticosteroids lead to faster improvement and reduce mortality of children under 5 years of age admitted to hospital with ALRI.
The objective of this study is to determine the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an online, Emergency Department-initiated asthma management intervention designed to reduce asthma-related morbidity among urban teenagers aged 13-19 years with uncontrolled asthma. The study will examine issues around recruitment, participant compliance with the study protocol, Internet access, and attrition. Investigators will first develop a protocol for recruiting 13-19 year old patients with acute asthma into an ED-initiated pilot trial of an online asthma management program, describing recruitment and refusal rates. Investigators will measure participant compliance with the pilot study protocol including 4 online sessions and a 6 month survey. Investigators will also measure compliance of the participants parents at baseline and a six month follow up. Investigators will then use pilot study results to describe the intervention effect on selected outcomes including ED visits, asthma control as measured by Asthma Control Questionnaire, functional limitations, quality of life, and behavior change.
Acute asthma is the most common cause of pediatric hospitalizations. While the investigators know that repeat inhalations of ß2 agonists and ipratropium with early oral steroids substantially reduce hospitalizations, many children are resistant to this standard initial therapy. About a third of children remaining in moderate to severe distress after standard therapy are admitted to hospital and comprise 84% of pediatric acute asthma hospitalizations. Finding safe, non-invasive, and effective strategies to treat children resistant to standard therapy would substantially decrease hospitalizations resulting in considerable health care savings and reduction of the psycho-social burden of the disease. While studies of magnesium sulfate (Mg) given intravenously (IV) suggest that this agent can reduce hospitalizations in both adults and children resistant to standard initial therapy Nebulization is an alternate route for administering Mg. This route has the advantage of being non-invasive and is likely much safer due to lower systemic delivery. Direct delivery via nebulization allows higher Mg concentrations at the target site, the lower airways, with a smaller total drug dose. The investigators propose to conduct a properly designed study to clarify the role of nebulized Mg.
This current study aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the addition of CPAP to the current conventional therapy in terms of airway obstruction improvement in acute asthma patients.
The purpose of this study is to determine if adding single dose of oral montelukast to the standard treatment of systemic glucocorticoids plus short acting beta-2 agonist for treatment of acute wheezing provide additional clinical benefit in the emergency room.
Our overall objective is to model a pediatric Acute Asthma Clinical Decision Rule (ADR) for personalized medicine by identification of treatment-response phenotypes that are important determinants of outcome. The Specific Aim of this study is to determine the feasibility of this approach by enrolling a pilot cohort of 16 participants in this DBRCT of 4 different albuterol treatment regimens, 2 of which will use 10mg/hr and 2 of which will use 25mg/hr. Within these dosages there will be a pulsed-treatment regimen and a continuous regimen.
The purpose of this study is to determine if evidence-based guidance on follow-up care and self-management provided to PCPs and patients, respectively, reduces relapses within 90 days for acute asthma (primary outcome). Secondary outcomes will include follow-up visits with the primary care provider, patients' quality of life and cost-effectiveness indicators.