View clinical trials related to Acetabular Labrum Tear.Filter by:
Pre-arthritic hip disorders can cause pain, interfere with daily activities and exercise, and lead to the development of osteoarthritis in young adults. Surgical and conservative treatment options are being developed and studied, but it is currently unclear why some patients improve with a particular treatment plan while others do not. The goal of this research project is to develop a tool that predicts which combination of treatment options will be most effective for each individual patient.
This is a prospective, multi-center, PMCF study to evaluate the safety and performance of the MICRORAPTOR REGENESORB suture anchors, MICRORAPTOR Knotless REGENESORB suture anchors, and MICRORAPTOR Knotless PEEK suture anchors implanted in 300 subjects needing reattachment of soft tissue to bone.
Tears of the acetabular labrum appear to be common with the prevalence of asymptomatic tears in the general population approaching 66% and 70% based on cadaveric dissection and magnetic resonance imaging, respectively. Despite this prevalence, there is no currently accepted justification for performing labral repair in an asymptomatic patient despite the many postulated biomechanical benefits that an intact labrum imparts to the hip joint. Representing a smaller proportion of all tears, symptomatic tears of the acetabular labrum present a therapeutic challenge. Current treatment modalities range from conservative measures to open surgical intervention. Conservative measures have typically included: activity modification, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), physical therapy (PT), core strengthening and improvement of sensory motor control. In the past two decades, technological advances in the form of surgical instrumentation and traction devices have facilitated less invasive arthroscopic techniques to diagnose and treat hip problems and as such is now the preferred treatment modality for many orthopedic surgeons treating patients with hip pathology. Determining which patients, using age and arthritic burden as predictors, can benefit from labral repair is paramount for several reasons. Showing arthroscopic repair is of little or no benefit to a specific cohort can reduce the number of unnecessary surgeries performed, increase the use of conservative therapy (if validated) and reduce the interval between diagnosis and total hip replacement.
Introduction: Femoro-acetabular impingement is a well known cause of damage to the acetabular labrum and chondrolabral junction. Additionally, it has been proposed that disruption of hip biomechanics resulting from a labral tear causes a faster progression towards osteoarthritis (OA). This progression has been observed to begin with breakdown of the chondrolabral junction with later development of diffuse osteoarthritis. Use of hip arthroscopy has increased dramatically in recent years to treat symptomatic labral tears and potentially avoid the morbidity and cost associated with hip osteoarthritis. Correction of labral pathology presents a technical challenge and many techniques currently exist. Increased understanding of the structure-functional relationship dictated by labral anatomy has led to the development of methods aimed at restoring functional anatomy by re-establishing the labrum's native position and contour on the rim of the acetabulum. Therefore, akin to repairing a torn meniscus in the knee, restoring the anatomic footprint of a torn labrum will reconstitute normal joint biomechanics. Despite the advances in techniques for labral repair, strategies for mitigating or repairing damage to the chondrolabral junction do not yet exist. This area has been shown to consist of hyaline and fibro cartilage. Many techniques for cartilage repair exist, although most are not feasible due to technical challenges specific to the hip joint. The management of articular cartilage defects is one of the most challenging clinical problems for orthopaedic surgeons. Articular cartilage has a limited intrinsic healing capacity, and pathology frequently results in gradual tissue deterioration. Currently, the standard surgical intervention for end-stage degenerative joint pathology is total joint replacement. Early surgical interventions for symptomatic cartilage lesions including cell based therapies such as autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) implantation, or microfracture have been suggested to restore normal joint congruity and minimize further joint deterioration. Techniques such as ACI, which have been successfully used in the knee joint, have limited application in the hip due to the technical difficulties of open procedures.
Post-market clinical follow-up needed to address existing clinical data and gaps on the existing Q-Fix™ device and meet existing MDD/MEDDEV requirements
This study compares two established surgical treatments for acetabular labral tears. Patients will be prospectively recruited and randomised to either labral repair or debridement. All patients will be followed for 2 years after intervention with a primary outcome assessment at 6 months.
Patients undergoing a hip scope procedure will be recruited for this study. They will be randomized to either receive a nerve block or no nerve block (pain medicine only). Pain levels and clinical outcomes will be assessed through 3 months post-operatively.
The goal of the study is to evaluate via a prospective, blinded, randomized clinical trial, whether ultrasound-guided single femoral and lateral femoral cutaneous nerve blocks with ropivacaine 0.5% with epinephrine (1:200,000) as a tracer for intravascular injection (total 30 ml) vs. saline with epinephrine (1:200,000) (total 30 ml), given just prior to same day elective hip arthroscopy, is effective in reducing acute postoperative pain (NRS scores), postoperative opiate consumption, and time to discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. Differences between groups with respect to postoperative quality of life and functional scores will also be evaluated.