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Over the past thirty years, risk of road traffic accidents has decreased but remains high and accounts for 44% of fatal work-related accidents for commuting and mission-related accidents. The aims of this study were to estimate the overall incidence of commuting accidents for non-physician professionals in a major university hospital and by gender and different professional categories, and to assess its evolution over a 5-year period. A descriptive analysis was performed on 390 commuting accidents from 2012 to 2016 extracted from the university hospital's occupational health service.
Drugs responsible for cognitive and psychomotor side effects may lead to impaired driving skills and road traffic accidents. This study investigates reports of road traffic accident for different class of drugs responsible for cognitive and psychomotor sides effects (pyschotropic agents, neurotropic agents, antineoplasic agents) in the World Health Organization's (WHO) global database of individual safety case reports (VigiBase).
This study involves an emergency department (ED)-based intervention utilizing Motivational Interviewing (MI) techniques and patient-centered eHealth materials (e.g., a tailored, mobile-friendly website and text messages) to promote the correct and consistent use of size-appropriate child passenger restraints (car seats, booster seats, and seat belts). This study is designed as an adaptive randomized controlled trial.
Low blood concentrations of THC and alcohol appear to have a minimal effect on driving performance.However, there is a gap in the literature about the combined effects of THC and alcohol. There is little empirical evidence to determine whether the combination of THC and alcohol could be additive or multiplicative. This issue is particularly important when dealing with concentrations that are just below legal thresholds - it is important to identify if someone who may have consumed cannabis and alcohol, in quantities that do not exceed legal thresholds, may nonetheless be impaired to drive. Answering this question requires more research on the combined effects of THC and alcohol under tightly controlled experimental conditions. Hence, the purpose of this study is to determine the additive (or multiplicative) effect of standardized low doses of cannabis, in combination with low-doses of alcohol, on a number of outcome measures related to driving. The investigators will focus specifically on the effect of low blood concentrations of THC (0, 125, and 250 µg/kg) alone and in combination with low blood concentrations of alcohol (BAC 0%, .025%, and .049%). They shall determine the combined effect of THC and alcohol on physiological, cognitive, subjective measures of impairment, and simulated driving. This study will focus on younger adults because they have higher impaired driving rates than other age groups. As a secondary aim of the study, the investigators will examine whether previous driving and drug use history are correlated with driving decisions during the simulated drive and subjective measures. This study will contribute to the evidence base informing legislation, policy making, and law enforcement. This study is particularly timely given upcoming changes in legislation about cannabis, and because the combination of THC and alcohol, even below legal thresholds, may lead to impaired driving and crashes.