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Methodology :A cross-over randomised controlled trial comparing two teaching methods Duration :Start date 6th December 2017 to 29st May 2018 Objective : To evaluate the effectiveness phone-based audience response system (PB-ARS) on knowledge retention and performance in teaching orthodontics for dental undergraduate students in a Saudi Dental School Number:The cohort of the trial includes 34 fourth-year dental students that represents whole fourth-year undergraduate class Main Inclusion criteria : whole fourth-year undergraduate class in a Saudi Dental college. Statistical Analysis : The normal distribution will be tested. The Mann-Whitney U test will used to compare the median score for each answer that would be given by students in the questionnaires. Scores will be analyzed and compared to assess knowledge retention using cross-over analysis with Mann-Whitney U test
Research shows that the majority of all mental health (MH) treatment for children is delivered in schools. Unfortunately, however, school mental health (SMH) providers rarely use evidence-based approaches and are often poorly integrated into the school context. Given the high (>20%) and increasing rates of MH disorders among children and youth, MH clinicians working in schools need effective and efficient ways to address student emotional and behavioral problems. The Brief Intervention Strategy for School Clinicians (BRISC) is a four-session, flexible, and research-informed "Tier 2" intervention tailored to high school students and designed to fit the school context. Findings from initial research funded by an IES Development and Innovation grant, including a small (n=66) comparison study, indicate positive, small to large sized effects (ES = .30- 1.33) in favor of BRISC for MH impairment, emotional symptoms, therapeutic alliance, coping skills, and client satisfaction. Moreover, even though the majority of students who were referred to BRISC were in the clinical range for functional impairment due to MH problems, over 50% were able to step down to lower levels of intervention after four sessions of BRISC, demonstrating promise for efficiency and reach. Given potential for public health impact, the purpose of the current study is to further examine the efficacy of BRISC by assessing its impact on mental health and academic outcomes - as well as feasibility, acceptability, and efficiency - in a larger, multi-site trial.
The study examine possible changes in physical activity, nutrition, and psychosocial health following the intervention "Active and Healthy Kids in Telemark". The intervention schools will received the intervention, whereas the control schools will continue as usual.
The brain is primarily developed in the third trimester of pregnancy, but continues maturing through the late twenties, especially the prefrontal cortex. Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are important structural components of neural cell membranes, influence membrane fluidity and signal transduction, and thus learning, cognition and behaviour. Levels of omega-3 LCPUFA have been found to be low in individuals with limitations in these complex brain functions. Previous studies suggested that such functions could be improved by increasing LCPUFA. The adolescent brain, however, has been largely neglected. This study investigates the effect of one-year daily omega-3 LCPUFA supplementation, in particular krill oil, in healthy 14-15 year old adolescents in lower general secondary education (MAVO/VMBO) on learning, cognition, and behaviour. The majority of the omega-3 PUFA in krill oil is incorporated into phospholipids, favouring tissue uptake of its omega-3 PUFA. In a double blind, randomised controlled trial, 300 adolescents preselected from a population of 700 adolescents with low omega-3 index (<5%) will receive daily omega-3 LCPUFA supplementation or matching placebo. The omega-3 LCPUFA dose will be adjusted individually to reach a target level of 8-11%. The effects on learning (academic achievement, objective cognitive performance), behaviour (mood, self-esteem, motivation, goal-orientation, absenteeism), and in a subsample cognitive processes, in particular perceptual processes measured by eye-tracking will be evaluated after 6, 12, and 24 months. This study will yield important insights in the effects of omega-3 LCPUFA supplementation, a safe intervention, on a large variety of complex brain functions.