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Abortion-Related Disorders clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT03659045 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Abortion-Related Disorders

Pain Assessment in MToP up to 7 WA (During 5h After Misoprostol Intake)

Start date: January 15, 2019
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

In 2016, medical termination of pregnancy represent 64% of total abortions in France. Thus, it is a frequent act involving a large majority of women and a health-care public subject. The two medicines used in medical abortion are mifepristone and misoprostol. The efficacy of mifepristone-misoprostol combination is very high, greater than 90% up to 7 SA. Medical abortion may be performed in outpatient basis or in short-terme hospitalization. One of the limits of this technique development is the pain caused by the drugs intake mainly due to the uterine contractions induced by misoprostol intake. Thus it is recommended a systematic analgesics intake but despite these guidelines, pain level reported by the patients remains significant. There is very limited data on the misoprostol influence or mifepristone dose on pain. In a recent observational multicenter study, mifepristone 600 mg was reported to be associated with decreased pain compared with mifepristone 200 mg. In this context, it is important to confirm by a higher level evidence of study that the protocol using mifepristone 600 mg decreases the pain level of medical abortion compared to a protocol using mifepristone 200 mg. In the absence of benefit, we will not be able to conclude to a benefit on the prevention of pain with a protocol associating 600 mg of mifepristone and 400 μg of misoprostol. If the benefit on pain is confirmed, it will be interesting to evaluate the efficacy / pain ratio of the 200 mg and 600 mg dose in terms of quality of care or medical and economic impact. The clinical study is interventional, prospective, comparative, randomized, double-blind, multi-center, conducted in 11 French hospitals carrying out voluntary medical termination of pregnancy. The data will be collected by the physician during the 4 consultations (initial consultation of abortion request, inclusion consultation with Mifegyne® intake, consultation of misoprostol intake (short-terme hospitalization), follow-up consultation from the available data in the patient's medical file and from the questionning and clinical examination data made during these 4 consultations.