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Many factors in patients undergoing cranial surgery (CS) may affect the bowel evacuation of patients, resulting in constipation, which could lead to the use of the valsalva maneuver. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of abdominal massage (AM) on bowel evacuation of patients treated in intensive care units (ICU) after CS.
Experimental research design with two-group repeated-measure design. Experimental group was pressing the Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36) , Tianshu(ST 25) and abdominal massage for eight minutes total, press once in the morning and afternoon, seven days total and two days for follow the trail. Control group was pressing sham ponits. Research tools to self semi-structured questionnaire collected data on patient's diet, activity, medication, defecation patterns, subjective defecation feelingauscultation bowel sounds like.