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Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a prevalent disorder developed by military personnel. While some individuals recover function within months after injury, others continue to suffer from cognitive problems months to years later and may not become evident immediately, particularly for the recently transitioned veteran. Chronic TBI cases may include persistent difficulties in cognition that negatively impact employment and personal relationships. The investigators will test and evaluate software-based interventions aimed at improving cognition in veterans experiencing everyday life cognitive deficits due to TBI. The interventions will be administered on a computer using a tele-health approach. Two conditions will be compared, an active condition challenging memory, inhibitory control and planning, and a context-matched control condition that is lower on these challenge levels.
Using a prospective cohort of children admitted to the PICU, the investigators will determine HRV monitoring is feasible, if a decreased HRV in the 7 days following moderate or severe TBI in children is associated with a worse outcome 6 months post-TBI and investigate HRV as a tool that can predict adverse events (neurological crisis) within 2 days following TBI.
This study aims to explore if a yoga-based physical therapy session would promote improved (increased) heart rate variability in subjects with traumatic brain injuries. The results of this pilot study may inform a larger-scale study of the effects of regular participation in a yoga-based program as an adjunct to traditional physical therapy. The secondary objective is to determine whether a yoga-based physical therapy session would impact anxiety, fatigue, or agitation and/or sleep quality. The study will enroll up to 30 inpatient subjects on a rolling basis as they are admitted with traumatic brain injury over a 12 month period at the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab. Each person in the study will participate in three conditions in a random order across three days: 1 hour of yoga-based physical therapy session in a group setting,1 hour of one-on-one conventional physical therapy, and 1 hour of seated rest in a relaxing environment in a group setting. The hypothesis is that individuals who participate in 1 hour of a yoga-based physical therapy session in a group setting will demonstrate a significant improvement in heart rate variability, anxiety, fatigue, and agitation after the session when compared to the same measures after 1 hour of a conventional physical therapy session and 1 hour of seated rest in a relaxing environment. Sleep will also be assessed with an activity monitor.
Investigate myelin alterations in patients with neurosurgical diseases
Investigate myelin alterations in high school football players with mTBI
A systolic blood pressure (SBP) lower than the heart rate (HR) could indicate a poor condition in trauma patients. In such scenarios, the reversed shock index (RSI) is <1, as calculated by the SBP divided by the HR. This study aimed to clarify whether RSI could be used to identify high-risk adult patients with isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI).
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of tRNS while undergoing computerized cognitive rehabilitation therapy to conclude if this combination of therapies would be effective for the cognitive rehabilitation of patients with acquired brain damage, such as traumatic brain injury. We want to study the therapeutic potential of tRNS to enhance the therapeutic outcome of cognitive training, studying its global effect over the rehabilitation of attention, memory and executive functions, compared to sham tRNS.
The purpose of this project is to provide a new framework for diagnosing and monitoring treatment of light sensitivity and headache by objective measurement of facial features, pupil responses, retinal electrical responses and autonomic nerve responses to light.
Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) Reduction of CSF and Serum Biomarkers After Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The primary objective of this pilot study is to determine whether PEMF treatment (PEMF+) reduces the magnitude and duration of the increase in CSF and blood biomarkers after traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to a PEMF untreated (PEMF-) group. Values in both groups are compared to uninjured brain CSF and blood biomarker levels obtained from hydrocephalus patients undergoing ventriculo-peritoneal shunt placement. A secondary objective of this pilot study is to determine whether PEMF treatment improves the physiologic status of the brain as evaluated by brain tissue monitors of thermal dilution cerebral blood flow (CBF), intracranial pressure (ICP), and tissue PO2 (PbtO2). Improved physiologic status would be reflected by increased CBF, PbtO2, and reduced ICP. Improved physiologic status may also be inferred from derived variables reflecting improved cerebrovascular and intracranial pressure autoregulation. A tertiary objective of this pilot study is to obtain preliminary data on the relationship between the time course and magnitude of post-TBI CSF and blood biomarker levels as they relate to three month outcome by Glasgow outcome score extended (GOSE) and modified Rankin Score (mRS).
Fall with head injury is becoming an epidemic challenge especially with the ageing population. Contributing factors for mortality and poor functional outcome included development of cerebral contusion and delayed traumatic intracerebral haematoma. There is a higher prevalence especially with the increasing use of antiplatelets and anticoagulants. Non-invasive monitoring such as near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is sensitive in detecting intracranial changes. The role and efficacy of this non-invasive method has not been specifically established in patients with head injury as an initial non-operative monitoring. This is particular important in the setting of a general ward in which nursing staff is limited. The advantages of these noninvasive monitoring might have a role of continuous neuro-monitoring. They can also potentially reduce the number of unnecessary repeated CT Brain in the context of limited radiology staff and resources. Timely detection and treatment of this condition accordingly is crucial. Potential options of non-invasive monitoring such as nearinfrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is to be investigated. The aim of this study is to determine the sensitivity and specificity of NIRS as a non-invasive monitoring in detecting delayed intracranial injuries in comparison with the Gold Standard CT Brain. Study design is Prospective sensitivity and specificity study of Near Infra-red Spectroscopy (NIRS) as a non-invasive monitoring in detecting delayed intracranial injuries in comparison with the Gold Standard CT Brain in Hong Kong Chinese. Consecutive patients admitted to Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong would be recruited. Outcome measures including correlation of non-invasive monitoring with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to CT Brain findings including any increase in haematoma size, cerebral edema or mass effect. Secondary outcome including 30 days mortality and functional outcome at 3 months.