View clinical trials related to Traumatic Brain Injury.Filter by:
The Bridging Recovery Allies in Virtual Environments (BRAVE) study aims to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a virtual environment (VE) social support group for social communication training among adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI).
An observational study to assess the BIS reported level of sedation of patients with traumatic brain injury in the ICU.
The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness and usefulness of a simple one word mnemonic in the memory retention of the different components of the Canadian CT Head Rule (CCHR) in senior medical students and interns. The CCHR, a clinical decision rule used by emergency physicians to determine the need of head CT in the context of minor traumatic brain injury (mTBI). A rapid recall of the rule in the clinical setting would be expected to improve its utilization and overcome one of the barriers in its implementation. This would ultimately result in better utilization of resources and reduction in unnecessary exposure to radiation.
This study aimed to characterize swallowing disorders in minimally consciousness patients after brain traumatic injury.
This is a pilot study, phase III, multi-centre, double blind, randomized controlled trial of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Patients with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and abnormal growth hormone secretion, as measured by glucagon stimulation test, will be treated with replacement growth hormone therapy for a period of 6 months. Testing of cognition, exercise, fatigue, brain activation and morphology, body composition and measurements of quality of life will be performed before and after the treatment period. Fecal sampling for characterization of the GI microbiome will occur monthly over the treatment period. Each mTBI subject will be required to enroll with an eligible control from their household that will also provide fecal samples monthly during the treatment period of their mTBI partner. GI microbiomes will be compared between mTBI patients and their household controls at baseline as well as over the treatment period.
The CRS-R is a standardized and validated bedside assessment of conscious awareness. It is used routinely for diagnosis and prognosis of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) as well as in research settings. One limitation of the CRS-R is the lengthy administration time required to obtain a total score. Administration time can vary from approximately 15-30 minutes, depending on the patient's level of responsiveness. For this reason, the CRS-R is rarely administered in the acute hospital setting. Less time-consuming scales and metrics are used to assess conscious awareness in the acute hospital/ICU setting, but they lack specificity and sensitivity and have not been validated, increasing the potential for misdiagnosis. In conjunction with the developers of the Neuroscore (an unpublished, abbreviated version of the CRS-R), we have developed the CRSR-FAST and aim to test its validity, inter- and intra- rater reliability. We anticipate that, compared with the CRS-R, the CRSR-FAST will be less time-consuming to administer and score, but will maintain a high level of sensitivity to detecting signs of consciousness in severely brain injured patients.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a condition affecting the persons' central nervous system with a need for extensive and highly specialized initial health care provision followed by comprehensive rehabilitation efforts. Frequent and life-long medical, cognitive, emotional and behavioral changes are expected. The community-based services are largely responsible for dealing with the chronic challenges affecting people with TBI. 120 patients >16 years at the time of injury and between 18 and 72 years at inclusion, with clinical TBI diagnosis on acute admission and verified injury-related intracranial abnormalities reporting cognitive, emotional and physical problems more than 2 years after the injury will be included and randomized to a patient-centered in-home program intervention and treatment as usual. The intervention consists of an individualized and goal-oriented intervention will be provided in the persons' home environment, in close collaboration with family members and local health care providers when available. Assessments will be conducted at baseline, at the end of the intervention 4 months after inclusion and one year after inclusion. Primary outcome is participation (Part-O) and TBI specific health related quality of life (Qolibri). Secondary outcomes include goal attainment within individualized targeted outcome areas, depression and anxiety, symptom burden, unmet health care needs and acceptability of intervention as assessed by patient, family member and health professional. The project will contribute to increased understanding of knowledge transfer processes, and dissemination of evidence based practice for TBI. Thus, the project has the potential to improve the current health care for patients with TBI and its delivery.
The purpose of this research study is to test whether a portable goggle system (I-PAS) is good at diagnosing mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in a community setting. The goal is to determine whether the IPAS goggle system can be used reliably in an urgent care or emergency department setting.
OEF/OIF/OND war Veterans have unique post-deployment care needs that the VA is striving to understand and address. Unfortunately, there is a significant disparity in utilization of mental health (MH) care and VA access as most war Veterans don't seek needed care. New interventions are urgently needed to address disparities in post-deployment MH treatment engagement for war Veterans and to support VA's efforts to provide them with optimal access and care. Online health interventions have been shown to be preferred by OEF/OIF combat Veterans and have the potential to promote access to VA MH care. The investigators' research team has developed a web-based interface (WEB-ED) evolved by feedback from Veterans that screens for common post-deployment MH and readjustment concerns, provides tailored education about positive screens, and facilitates linkage to VA resources. Data from the investigators' prior studies demonstrate WEB-ED can be successfully implemented within VA and activate Veterans to seek needed care. Furthermore, emerging evidence indicates that when patients are educated about their health conditions and treatment alternatives using shared decision-making (SDM), increased treatment participation and adherence, and better health outcomes result. Next steps include: linking Veteran WEB-ED screening results to a VA secure network so that a provider can access the results; and integrating a SDM interface to promote Veteran-Provider partnerships in patient-centered care. This study will improve the investigators' understanding of the most effective methods to reduce barriers to enrollment in VA/MHV and transferring important medical information using My HealtheVet (MHV). Furthermore, it will provide important information regarding how WEB-ED results can enhance the capability of VA providers and transition patient advocates to use Veterans' screening results to triage and engage Veterans in patient-centered MH care and promote VA provider adoption of WEB-ED+ to facilitate patient engagement. Online screening, tailored education, and links to geographically accessible VA resources has been shown to be preferred by Veterans, providing recognition of treatable post-deployment MH concerns, and education that reduces stigma. This study builds upon and augments this prior work with research to understand and evaluate the processes needed to integrate WEB-ED+ into current VHA systems to support efficient care delivery, facilitate patient-centered care, and address unmet need for MH care while also resolving disparities in VA and VA MH care access and engagement for war Veterans. WEB-ED+'s use of shared decision making is a key component for promoting these benefits. WEB-ED+ represents a readily implementable and cost-effective intervention that, with partner collaboration, can be integrated into VA systems through MHV. Findings have important policy implications for several operational partners heavily invested in the improved access and delivery of evidence-based mental health care for war Veterans.