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The LITES Network is an operational trauma center consortium which has the expertise, track record and confirmed capabilities to conduct prospective, multicenter, injury care and outcomes research of relevance to the Department of Defense (DoD). Hemorrhage and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) are responsible for the largest proportion of all trauma-related deaths. It is the poly-trauma patient who suffers both hemorrhagic shock and traumatic brain injury where a paucity of evidence exists to direct treatment, limiting the development of beneficial trauma practice guidelines. The use of Whole Blood (WB) for early trauma resuscitation has been touted as the 'essential next step' in the evolution of trauma resuscitation. Despite its historical and more recent use, little is known regarding WB's benefit relative to the 'current practice' ratio-based blood component therapy in the acutely bleeding patient, and even less is known regarding its effects in patients with TBI. AIM#1: Evaluate patient centered outcomes associated with early whole blood resuscitation practice as compared to component resuscitation in poly-trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock and further characterize outcome benefits in those with traumatic brain injury. AIM#2: Characterize blood pressure and resuscitation endpoints during the acute resuscitation phase of care and the associated/attributable outcomes for traumatic brain injury in patients with hemorrhagic shock. General Hypothesis #1: Whole blood resuscitation will be associated with improved mortality and resuscitation outcomes in poly-trauma patients and long term neurological outcome in those patients with traumatic brain injury as compared to those resuscitated with component therapy. General Hypothesis #2: Differences in prehospital and acute phase resuscitation systolic blood pressure will be associated with differential outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury at discharge and at 6 months. Study Design: The LITES network will perform a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study over a 4 year period to determine the impact of whole blood resuscitation in trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock at risk of large volume resuscitation with and without TBI. Early whole blood resuscitation will be compared to standard component resuscitation. The study will also further characterize blood pressure and resuscitation endpoints in poly-trauma patients with traumatic brain injury. Six Trauma sites with appropriate characteristics will be selected from 12 LITES Network sites across the country. Study Setting: The study will be performed utilizing busy level I trauma centers within the LITES Network located across the country, at sites where either whole blood has currently been incorporated into standard of care or where component blood transfusion is being utilized for patients in hemorrhagic shock at risk for large volume resuscitation. Study Population: The study will focus on patients who suffer blunt or penetrating injury, transported to a SWAT participating LITES trauma center with evidence of hemorrhagic shock at risk of large volume blood resuscitation.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death. Severe TBT is correlated with an exaggerated stress response due to plasma catecholamine levels known as sympathetic storming. It is also autonomic dysfunction syndrome. This phenomenon is also associated with brain tumors, severe hydrocephalus and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Patients are presented by tachycardia, tachypnea hypertension, diaphoresis, dystonia, hyperthermia, and dilated pupils with elevated levels of plasma catecholamine and blood glucose .
Investigators will determine the long-lasting effects of post-acute rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury and stroke. Investigators will also evaluate if the beneficial effects of rehabilitation continue after discharge from a rehabilitative program.
This study will test the effectiveness of an intervention for Veterans diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and the burden on their informal (family/friend) caregiver.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem due to its high mortality and morbidity rates, mainly affecting young adult males. Aggression to the prefrontal cortex, caused by an external physical force, responsible for anatomical injury and/or functional impairment, causes cognitive deficits with important consequences for the individual affected by the trauma and their caregivers. Therefore, rehabilitation is of utmost importance. The increase in pre-frontal cortical activation through training, activity-dependent stimulation and neuroplasticity, especially in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is related to better performance in functional memory. In this context, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), intended to drive neuroplastic changes in the brain, has been widely used to bring benefits to the cognitive function of individuals affected by various neurological conditions, including TBI by promoting neuroplasticity for critically involved cortical areas in the performance of tasks, culminating in cognitive benefits. In addition, studies have shown greater benefits when the technique is combined with cognitive training. Therefore, the objective of this parallel, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial is to investigate the effect of tDCS applied on the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and virtual reality cognitive training alone or in association with tDCS on cognitive function of individuals with severe chronic TBI.
Using the Blink Reflexometer, athletes are scanned if they are potentially thought to have a concussion during a game or practice.
This research aims to extend the application of spreading depolarization monitoring to non-surgical TBI patients, using intraparenchymal electrode arrays and scalp electroencephalography to detect depolarizations and develop less invasive monitoring methods.
The current project will examine the impact of an emotional processing intervention on emotional processing abilities in a sample of 50 persons with moderate to severe TBI. Outcome will be assessed across 3 domains. We will document changes resulting from treatment: (1) in emotional processing tasks (2) in other areas of function including QOL, social functioning, mood and cognition that are also likely to be impacted (3) in brain structure and function. The examination of efficacy in the above three areas will further our knowledge of emotional processing deficits in TBI and more importantly, identify an effective means of treating such deficits.
Although the vast majority of individuals sustaining a sport-related concussion (SRC) will receive medical clearance to return to sport within 7-10 days, approximately 30% of children and adolescents reporting to the emergency department will experience symptoms that last longer than a month. Research has demonstrated that exercise below the threshold that results in increases in symptoms, beyond those experienced at rest, (sub-symptom threshold aerobic exercise) may be beneficial in recovery. However, the optimal amount and intensity of aerobic exercise for an individual to experience the most beneficial outcomes is currently unknown. Unfortunately there are limited Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT's) evaluating the benefits of aerobic exercise in a youth population. The current evidence includes studies with relatively small sample sizes, unreliable measurements of physical activity (self-report), and inherent biases through inadequate blinding. There is a need to develop and validate evidence-informed interventions as a means of treatment for limiting time loss from sport, and school in adolescents who experience persistent symptoms of sports related concussion beyond 10 days.
Observational study to investigate the natural course of intracranial pressure (ICP) after decompressive craniectomy (DC) using long-term telemetric ICP monitoring. Patients will have continuous ICP measurement performed during the admission to the neuro-intensive care unit (NICU) and after discharge weekly measurements sessions will be performed before and after cranioplasty.