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In the clinical scenario of recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) post local therapy, current standard studies (bone scan and computed tomography) commonly fail to identify the recurrent disease location. In this study the investigator aims to prospectively map recurrent disease with the unique combination of whole-body MR anatomical imaging combined with a new high-sensitivity and PCa-specific PET probe (PSMA-targeted: [18F]DCFPyL) to provide precise localization information to target disseminated tumor deposits in men presenting with rising PSA after prostatectomy and radiotherapy (maximal local therapies). Moreover, we will consequently treat all identified disease with image-guided stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), which has shown tantalizing results achieving excellent tumor eradication rates with minimal toxicities. This study is uniquely positioned to enable the discovery of new biomarkers and the correlation of prognostic tests (e.g. genomic signatures) from the initial prostatectomy specimen with the PET/MR imaging results and SABR treatment outcomes. The significance of the proposed work towards a measurable impact in PCa care is important to emphasize. The study team believes this novel curative-intent approach will transform lives, as opposed to therapies that transiently impact incurable disease stages. Herein, the focus is on patients at the earliest point of the disease spectrum of recurrent PCa after curative-intent treatments. Our hypothesis is that PSMA-targeted [18F]DCFPyL PET/MR allows earlier detection and localization of defined metastatic targets in these patients, at a stage amenable to image-guided curative-intent therapy.
Post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence (IUPP) is a difficult to treat complication that causes a profound negative impact on the individual's quality of life, as well as seriously disrupts the physician-patient relationship and is a substantial public health problem . Urinary incontinence (UI) can occur both in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and in the treatment of prostate cancer. In the treatment of benign disease, this complication is associated with a very low prevalence, initially of 9% and about 1% in 12 months postoperatively. In radical prostatectomy, the prevalence is higher, varying from 2% to 87%, depending on the populations and sites studied, the definitions used, the different methodologies employed in the evaluation of incontinence, and also the different degrees of intensity of the disease . Several authors have evaluated the incidence of incontinence after robotic radical prostatectomy, open and laparoscopically. With these techniques, the reported total UI incidence varies from 4% to 40% . With the high prevalence of IUPP, accelerating the recovery of urinary control is an important priority for patients and their caregivers, and the search for effective and low-risk treatments is a constant. Thus, the possibility of treatment with the radiofrequency (RF) feature arises.
This study is being done to find out if transperineal ultrasound (TPUS) can help define the prostate bed for radiation treatment planning and improve upon current methods of image guidance for the treatment of prostate cancer. For the patient, TPUS involves the placement of an ultrasound probe on the perineum, the skin between the scrotum and anus, while they are lying on their back in the position they will receive their treatment. Image-guidance is required for the treatment of prostate cancer because the prostate bed shifts position depending on how full the bladder and rectum are. Image-guided radiation therapy has been done at Fletcher Allen Health Care for approximately three years. Most commonly, transabdominal ultrasound images are obtained every day and compared to an ultrasound that was done on the day of treatment planning. Adjustments in radiation field position can be done on a daily basis by comparing these images. Transperineal ultrasound has never been used for image-guidance. We completed two phases of an earlier study and have developed a TPUS device and process that allow us to get clear ultrasound pictures of the prostate gland, and now we would like to explore imaging the prostate bed left after radical prostatectomy.The TPUS has three potential advantages over the transabdominal method we currently use: 1. Transabdominal ultrasound can be a challenge for some men. A full bladder helps us get clearer images, however it is difficult for some men with prostate cancer to comfortably keep a full bladder. It is also particularly difficult to get good images in larger men who have long distances from the skin surface to the prostate bed. TPUS is not dependent on a man having a full bladder and should be less dependent on the size of the man. 2. TPUS images and the planning CT images can be acquired simultaneously. This is not possible with the abdominal probe because it gets in the way of the CT machine. Simultaneous imaging eliminates the possibility of the prostate bed shifting positions during the time between imaging studies. 3. TPUS can be in place and acquire images during patient treatment (the abdominal probe gets in the way of the treatment machine) and may in the future allow us to watch the prostate bed during treatment. If we discover that we can accurately view the prostate bed in real time, TPUS may ultimately allow us to treat even smaller radiation fields and possibly decrease the risk of radiation complications. Patients in this study will be treated for their prostate cancer with the standard image guidance technique used at Fletcher Allen Health Care: transabdominal ultrasound. In addition, one TPUS scan will be acquired at the time of the initial simulation. To summarize, the two objectives of this study are: 1. To determine if TPUS can acquire usable, clinically pertinent IGRT images of the prostate bed. 2. To preliminarily compare TPUS images of the prostate bed to images obtained with CT and TAUS.