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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the HIV vaccine MRKAd5 HIV-1 gag/pol/nef followed by treatment interruption can increase immune system function in adults with acute or recent HIV infection who have started taking anti-HIV drugs.

Clinical Trial Description

While the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has contributed to the increasing control of HIV infection and viral replication, ultimate control of HIV infection will require the development of effective HIV-specific immunity in HIV infected individuals. Therapeutic vaccination within the earliest weeks following acute or recent HIV infection may increase the immune system's response to HIV. This study will determine whether MRKAd5 HIV-1 gag/pol/nef vaccine followed by treatment interruption can maintain viral suppression in patients with acute or recent HIV infection.

The interventional part of the study will last 102 weeks. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either MRKAd5 HIV-1 gag/pol/nef or placebo vaccine at baseline and Weeks 4 and 26. Participants must remain on HAART from study entry until Week 38. Participants whose HIV viral load rebounds two times or more above 500 copies/ml by Weeks 39 to 41 will not enter Step 2 of the study. Participants whose viral load drops to 500 copies/ml or less by Weeks 39 to 41 will enter Step 2, where they will discontinue HAART for 24 weeks. Participants in Step 2 will have plasma HIV viral loads measured every 2 weeks for the first 4 weeks and weekly for the next 3 weeks. Study participants will continue in Step 2 until they experience virologic and immunologic failure or they need to restart HAART for another reason; they will then enter Step 3, where they will reinitiate HAART. Step 3 participants will continue on HAART until Week 102. A long-term safety follow-up period will occur from Weeks 103 to 240.

Timing of the study visits will be determined by which steps a participant enters. A physical exam and blood and urine collection will occur at most study visits throughout the study until Week 102. Follow-up phone calls to study participants will occur every 6 months from Week 102 until Week 240 to collect long-term safety data, including clinical status, CD4 count, and medication history. During the long-term safety follow-up, participants will also have study visits every 6 months. Visits will include medical and medication history. ;

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT00183261
Study type Interventional
Source National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Status Completed
Phase Phase 2
Start date March 2006
Completion date October 2010

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