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Clinical Trial Summary

Phase III trial is designed to demonstrate the non-inferiority of a free diet versus a progressive diet in the treatment of acute diverticulitis (AD) without complications. In this study, the effectiveness of the short-term free diet is evaluated, as well as its safety and the quality of life that is perceived in front of the progressive diet.

Clinical Trial Description

The study will be carried out in the General Surgery and Gastroenterology Services of the following centers:

- Hospital General Universitario Reina Sofía

- Hospital General Universitario Morales Meseguer de Murcia.

- Hospital Universitario Santa Lucía de Cartagena.

- Hospital General Universitario de Elche.

- Complejo Hospitalario Torrecárdenas de Almería

All patients with increased temperature and acute abdominal pain, as well as clinical suspicion of AD, will be screened for their potential selection in the study. Basic blood tests (hemogram) and abdominal ultrasound will be performed and these guidelines will be followed: if the results indicate complicated AD, it will be excluded from the study; if uncomplicated DA is suspected, blood CRP will be requested; if CRP is less than 5 mg / dl, it will be included in the study and ambulatory treatment will be indicated; if CRP is greater than 5mg / dl, abdominal CT with intravenous contrast will be requested. Result: uncomplicated DA, it will be included in the study and it will be indicated ambulatory treatment or complicated DA, it will be excluded from the study-; those patients with uncomplicated AD, but with risk factors, hospital admission will be recommended, and they may be offered to participate in the study.

If the patient meets the criteria for admission to the study, the attending physician (surgeon on duty) will inform and invite them to participate and after signing the informed consent, their data will be collected and they will be contacted. the person of the hospital, in charge of guarding the list and randomization codes to assign him the corresponding research group: group 1 (free diet) or group 2 (progressive diet) (Annex III), - this group will be delivered of your printed diet and you will be instructed about it, as well as, to all patients, the annotations of pain control and temperature on ad-hoc sheet. The patient data will be delivered to the investigator / s of the study of each hospital, who will fill in the Data Collection Notebook (DCN) of each patient and program their controls without information of the group to which the patient has been assigned, as In this way, the consultations are carried out with blinding of the evaluator (the investigator who will do the controls will not know to which group the patient has been assigned). They will also be asked a quality of life questionnaire SF-12 (baseline) and they will be asked for a blood test with a complete blood count and CRP for the 3rd day of treatment.

Outpatients will be contacted daily by phone during the first 3 days of treatment by the study investigator and between the 3rd and 4th day will go to outpatient surgery for clinical and analytical control (1st consultation), filling in the DCN. The hospitalized patients will follow the same clinical and analytical control by the plant surgeon and the study investigator, filling in the DCN. They will be asked for new blood tests with CRP for the 7th day of treatment and, in those patients who do not have a colonoscopy in the last 12 months prior to entering the study, an endoscopic study will be requested before 60 days for confirmation of diverticular disease, filling in the DCN. They will be given a new SF-12 quality of life questionnaire that they will fill out on the 7th day of the start of the treatment. They will be cited for a new consultation (2nd consultation) to all patients (outpatients and those who have been hospitalized), 30 days of the beginning of the treatment, with new clinical control and annotation of the last analytical, as well as third and last SF-12 quality of life questionnaire, in the DCN. To conclude, patients who were asked for colonoscopy, will be cited in a final consultation (3rd) 2 months after beginning the treatment with the endoscopic result closing the study, with the last entries in the DCN.

Sample size:

To obtain a power of 80% to reject the null hypothesis Ho: that the difference of proportions p1 and p2 is lower than the non-inferiority limit of -10, and taking into account that the level of significance is 5%, assuming that the proportion of non-treatment failure in both treatment groups is 94.7%, the total number of patients expected to be included in the study is 134 patients, with an expected percentage of dropouts of 5%, which 67 patients will receive treatment through free diet and other 67 patients through progressive diet. The endpoint for the main comparison is the proportion of subjects with a lower treatment failure rate at one month (30 days) of follow-up.

Statistical treatment:

The continuous variables will be summarized using descriptive statistics: mean, standard deviation (SD), median, minimum, maximum, number of observations and number of missing observations. Non-normal continuous data will be presented as maximum, top quartile, median, lowest quartile, minimum and number of observations. The categorical variables will be described using absolute and relative frequencies.

For the comparisons between variables, the bivariate analysis will be used. The scores of each dependent variable will be compared with the independent variables using parametric statistical methods (and nonparametric when the parametric application criteria are not met). When the changes within the same treatment group are analyzed, statistical tests for related or paired samples will be used.

In the event that the variables follow the normal distribution, one or more of the following techniques will be described:

- If a variable is of a quantitative type and the other is categorical, for the comparison of the means with a dichotomous variable, the Student's t test will be used. In cases where the qualitative variable has more than 2 categories, the one-way variance analysis (ANOVA) will be used. In the analysis of the variance of a factor with repeated measures, it will be assumed that the subjects are randomly selected from normal populations with the same variance. Previously, the assumptions of independence, normality and equality of variances will be checked.

In the case that the variables do not follow the normal distribution:

- If one variable is quantitative and the other qualitative, the test to be applied will be the Mann-Whitney U test when the qualitative variable has 2 levels, and the Kruskall-Wallis test if the qualitative measurement is formed by 3 levels or plus.

- If both variables are of the categorical type, a cross-tabulation will be performed (contingency tables) using the Pearson chi-square statistic to test the independence hypothesis or the Fisher test (in 2 x 2 tables) ). An analysis of typed residuals corrected will be carried out in order to interpret the meaning of the association detected.

For the non-inferiority analysis in the main variables, a calculation will be made using the Farrington-Manning score, Miettinen-Nurminen Score and Gart-Nam Score tests, with a significance level of 0.05, and a limit of no- inferiority of 0.10. For the continuous variables, non-inferiority will be evaluated by the difference of means with the Mann-Whitney U and the Wilcoxon test.

All statistical comparisons will be made using statistical tests with a level of significance p = 0.05. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03496090
Study type Interventional
Source Hospital General Universitario Reina Sofía de Murcia
Contact Jorge A Benavides Buleje, Dr.
Phone +34609493203
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 3
Start date April 16, 2018
Completion date April 16, 2019

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