There are about 2381 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Thailand. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Complications during general anesthesia,induction period: difficult airway, hypotension, upper airway obstruction, laryngospasm, pulmonary aspiration Maintenance period: hypotension, hypertension, awareness, bronchospasm, pulmonary aspiration. Emergence period: delayed emergence, upper airway obstruction, pulmonary aspiration. Pulmonary aspiration occur all ranges of general anesthesia. Because the patients can not protected themselves due to anesthetic medication, example: volatile agent, opioid.This can cause decrease consciousness, delayed gastric emptying time. Incidence of pulmonary aspiration was 1 : 900 - 1 : 10,000 of general of anesthesia (induction 20%, emergence 80%), Anesthesia Service in Siriraj Hospital (2017) 6: 25,000 case Pathophysiology of pulmonary aspiration. Pulmonary aspiration is defined as inhalation of oropharynx or stomach contents through the larynx to low respiratory tract. Aspiration pneumonitis is the inflammation of the lung caused by aspirating or inhaling irritants (Mendelson's syndrome). Gastric acid is a digestive fluid formed in the stomach and is composed of hydrochloric acid, potassium chloride, and sodium chloride.The highest concentration of gastric acid is 140-160 mEq/L. The pH of gastric acid is 1.5-3.5 in the human stomach lumen. Risk factors for increased gastric contents: full stomach, delayed gastric emptying, incompetent lower esophageal sphincter, lithotomy position, laparoscopy, length of surgery more than 2 hr., difficult airway. This study observed Volume and pH of Gastric Contents in Patients undergoing Gynecologic Laparoscopic Surgery during Emergence from General Anesthesia.
MTN-035 is a multi-site, randomized-sequence, three-period, open label crossover study that will enroll approximately 210 participants randomized (1:1:1:1:1:1) to one of six sequences of rectal microbicide placebo product application.
A total patients undergoing abdominal complete surgical staging for various gynecological cancers were randomized into a gum-chewing group or a control group. The patients chewed sugarless gum three times from the first postoperative morning until the first passage of flatus. Each chewing session lasted 30 min. Total abdominal hysterectomy with systematic pelvic and para-aortic lymphad- enectomy was performed on all patients as part of complete staging surgery. Groups were compared in terms of time to first bowel movement time, first flatus and feces pass time, Total length of hospital stay.
The study evaluates the effects of early endovenous glue ablation on ulcer healing in patients with chronic venous ulceration. Half the patients are randomized to receive early endovenous ablation (within 2 weeks) and a half to standard care
Evaluate the accuracy of physical therapy in various positions after 4 weeks of training, comparison of the accuracy in rehabilitation exercise between mobile application actuated rehabilitation exercise guidance and routine rehabilitation exercise guidance for the primary osteoarthritis knee patients
Background: Nevirapine (NVP)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains to be used in HIV-infected patients in resource limited countries despite its compliance and adverse effect concerns. Rilpivirine (RPV), a newer non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, could be used as an alternative to NVP in virologically suppressed patients. However, there has been limited experience with switching from NVP-based to RPV-based regimens. The investigators aimed to study efficacy and adverse events after ART switching from NVP-based to RPV-based regimens. Methods: A randomized controlled non-inferiority trial was conducted in HIV-infected patients who received NVP-based regimens and had undetectable plasma HIV RNA for more than 6 months. Patients were randomized 1:1 to continuation arm (NVP-based regimens were continued) or switch arm (NVP-based regimens were switched to RPV-based regimens). Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) plus lamivudine (3TC) or emtricitabine (FTC) remained as the backbone of the regimens. Primary endpoint was HIV RNA <40 copies/mL at 48 weeks, with a non-inferiority margin of 12%. Changes of CD4 cell counts and lipid profiles from baseline were analyzed.
Comparison of the magnesium level in difference continuous rate in women who were diagnosed severe pre-eclampsia obese
Comparison of the effectiveness coffee (with or without caffeine) ingestion and water for reducing the duration of Postoperative ileus after Laparotomy of Benign Gynecological Patients
The purpose of this study is to compare clinical outcome in posterior cruciate ligament-substituting total knee arthroplasty with onlay patellar resurfacing technique and inlay patellar resurfacing technique
To prospect studying the efficacy and safety of treating NVG with the intracameral versus the intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab.