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This study explores reasons why adolescents choose to receive a nexplanon implant and remove a Nexplanon implant. Nexplanon is provided as part of the standard of care on the University of Chicago mobile health unit. This study explores reasons for implantation and removal of Nexplanon on this mobile health unit.
A prospective, non-inferiority study to evaluate the pharmacokinetic effect of topiramate on serum Etonogestrel (ENG) levels in contraceptive implant users.
Data on the interaction between the etonogestrel (ENG) implant and antiepileptic drug (AED) regimen are scarce. We will evaluated the effect of 2 AED regimens (1 including carbamazepine and the other topiramate) on the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of an ENG-releasing implant in women with epilepsy.
This a randomized control trial to identify if patients who desire LARC are more likely to have success receiving the desired form of contraception if it is placed a) during the postpartum hospital stay, either in the immediate or early postpartum period, versus b) during the interval postpartum period as previously done.
This study will evaluate the impact of hormonal contraceptives on HIV risk associated with changes to the innate immunity in the female genital tract in a cross-sectional study. HIV risk will be evaluated by the capacity of cervical tissue to replicate HIV when challenged ex vivo and correlated to the number of CD4 T cells, DCs, and macrophages; the capacity of cervicovaginal fluid to inhibit HIV will be correlated to soluble mucosal mediators, and the vaginal microbiota. The lower genital tract samples will be collected from 120 adolescents aged 18-19 (40 using no hormonal contraception, 40 using ENG-I, 40 using LNG-IUS). For comparison, 90 adult women aged 25-45 will be equally distributed between the same groupings.
Measuring brain perfusion is biased by a inter- and intrasubject variability, caused by physiological and lifestyle factors. In this study, the investigators want to investigate the variations in cerebral perfusion and other brain parameters (grey matter, resting-state brain activity, brain connectivity and white matter diffusion) caused by the female sex hormones and hormonal contraception.
This is a Phase IIb multicenter, open-label, non-comparative trial of continuous daily oral 10 mg of ulipristal acetate (UPA) to evaluate its contraceptive efficacy as the primary method of contraception.
This study will evaluate the frequency of ovulation and cervical mucus quality of HIV-infected women on efavirenz (EFV)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) using either a single etonogestrel (ENG) implant or two ENG implants for at least one year.
This is a randomized controlled trial comparing lay Lady Health Workers with Lady Health Visitors on quantitative measures of safety and effectiveness of Depo Provera and Sayana Press provision in a clinic setting. This comparative trial will test the non-inferiority hypothesis that Lady Health Workers are just as competent as clinically-trained Lady Health Visitors in screening and counseling first-time injectable users. These first time users will also be randomly assigned to receive intramuscular or subcutaneous injections of DMPA.
This is a single-arm, open-label, Phase III study in approximately 100 sites in the United States (US) over seven cycles of use in women aged 18 to 35 years who are at risk of pregnancy.