There are about 3144 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Mexico. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The PAN-PROMISE study (PAtieNt-rePoRted OutcoMe scale in acute pancreatItis-an international proSpEctive cohort study) aims to measure an outcome variable in acute pancreatitis (AP) based in the patient´s experience. PAN-PROMISE is a cohort study involving patients with AP. The patient´s symptom perception will be compared with the opinion of the clinicians and with clinical outcomes.
Breast milk is the best food during the first 6mo of life because it offers multiple benefits for the mother-infant pair. An inadequate maternal diet during pregnancy can lead to excess weight gain, leading to negative health consequences for the dyad. In Mexico, an excess of body weight coexists with micronutrient deficiencies (double burden of malnutrition). Low vitamin A concentration has been observed in northwest Mexico, which can affect the human milk composition and increase the risk of VAD in breastfed babies. An individualized dietary intervention in the lactating woman will reduce body weight and improve vitamin A status. The objective is to assess the effect of an individualized dietary intervention during 3 months postpartum on body composition and vitamin A status of lactating women.
This is a randomized controlled trial with blinding (for the observer who evaluates treatment goals). With two groups to study. A group of patients with conventional therapy for the treatment of PAD (Platelet antiaggregant, statin, cilostazol in case of claudication) and the other group of patients with conventional therapy for treatment of PAD plus cell therapy with objective to evaluate the microvascular effect after the application of cell therapy with a hematopoietic stem cell concentrate in patients with PAD with non-critical ischemia and Diabetes. Perform evaluations of the microcirculation by means of TcPO2 at 30, 60, 90 and 180 days after the experimental maneuver (cell therapy) and conventional therapy.
Amla has demonstrated promising effects in the treatment of obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, insulin secretion, among others. The above mentioned findings show that Amla has an excellent potential for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common opportunistic viral pathogen in solid organ transplant receptors (SOTR). In Mexico, the experience using generic immunosuppressants have been demonstrated a wide variation in the pharmacokinetic parameters between generic and innovative formulation, resulting in a suboptimal absorption of the drug and reaching infratherapeutic trough levels in blood. In this study the investigators will compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of innovative and generic valganciclovir in renal transplant recipients.
In Mexico, 7 out of 10 adults are overweight or obese. The diseases associated with these conditions (diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some cancers) are those that impact the most on the disability-adjusted life years of Mexicans and on their mortality rates. A reduction in body weight of 5-10% can reduce the incidence of obesity related diseases. The gold standard for treating obesity is an intensive lifestyle change program such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) whose effectiveness has been evaluated in various formats and populations with positive results, including in Mexico. However, the DPP is not accessible to all sectors of the population. To increase its dissemination, the implementation of online interventions based on the DPP (oi-DPP) has been proposed. A systematic review of oi-DPP showed promising results, however, the evidence is limited and the lack of studies of high methodological quality is highlighted. The main objective of this project is to evaluate the efficacy of an oi-DPP for weight loss in Mexican adults with overweight or obesity at 3 months. The study design is a randomized controlled trial with 2 arms: oi-DPP and wait-list control. A 3 months pilot study (n=30) will be conducted prior to the main study to estimate sample size, considering an alpha error of 0.05 and power of 80%. The primary outcome is the mean change in body weight from baseline to 3 months post-baseline between the 2 groups. Secondarily, differences in biochemical parameters (fasting glucose, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and gamma glutamyl transferase) from baseline to 3 months will be evaluated, as well as mean changes from baseline to 3 and 6 months in body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, depression and quality of life scales and the number of participants achieving a weight loss greater than 5% of initial body weight. Body weight will be also evaluated at 6 months post-baseline. The previous measurements will apply both in the pilot study and the study except for the biochemical parameters that will only be included in the main study. The differences between the 2 groups for each variable will be analyzed using a t test for independent samples, in case of having a parametric sample. Otherwise, the Mann-Whitney U test will be used. Analysis will follow the intent-to-treat principle.
Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease presents as a triad composed by asthma, eosinophilic rinosinusitis and intolerance to aspirin and NSAIDS. In subjects with chronic rhinosinusitis sleep alterations have been found, with important improvement after surgery, but those alterations and improvements have not been studied in patients diagnosed with AERD who, due to their comorbidities, may present more severe pre surgical symptoms and a more important post-surgical improvement. The investigators aim to study patients with AERD sleep, quality of life and symptoms before surgery, and one, three and six months post-surgery.
The prevention of obesity and its main medical complications, such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, have been become a health priority. One of the most frequent metabolic complications in obesity is the insulin resistance and is the most important risk factor for the development of coronary diseases. The weight loss induced by the restriction of dietary energy is the cornerstone of therapy for people with obesity, as it improves or even regularizes insulin sensitivity and related comorbidities. However, weight loss induced by diet also decreases lean tissue mass, which could result in adverse effects on physical function. Although, regularly recommended to increase protein intake during weight loss, there is evidence to suggest that high protein intake could have deleterious metabolic effects. On the other hand, there is an association between the type of protein consumption, mainly the concentration of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and insulin resistance during the dietary energy restriction in the therapy of obesity. There are multiple factors that influence the concentration of BCAAs and insulin resistance, which can be by phenotypic or genetic modification. The phenotypic modification refers to race, sex and dietary pattern. Meanwhile, the genetic modification refers to the activity of the enzymes responsible for the catabolism of BCAAs and genetic variants, such as the polymorphisms of a single nucleotide of said enzymes. A randomized controlled trial will be conducted with 160 participants (80 women and 80 men) divided by a draw in 4 groups, each for 20 participants. A feeding plan will be assigned according to the distribution of proteins (standard or high) and type of protein (animal or vegetable). The main aim of this study is to evaluate the effect on the amount and type of dietary protein and energy restriction on insulin resistance in subjects with obesity in a period of 1 month, considering the main factors that influence the concentration of BCAAs. In this way, evidence will be provided on what type of dietary intervention is most convenient for weight loss in subjects with insulin resistance and obesity.
The aim of the study is to compare the effect of motor interference therapy (TIM) to reduce the intensity of discomfort (distress) generated by a traumatic memory compared to a relaxation control maneuver, immediately after the intervention, a week, a month and six months after intervention.
Systemic Arterial Hypertension (SAH) is a disease with a high prevalence in Mexico and worldwide. SAH is associated with an increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, causing cardiovascular disease (CVD), heart failure (HF), as well as chronic kidney disease (CKD). Several of the physiopathological mechanisms observed are: the increase in cardiac output, central aortic pressure (CAP), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and peripheral vascular resistance (PVR), which leads to the generation of damage to the target organ. The identification not only of the peripheral arterial pressure, but also of these hemodynamic parameters and arterial stiffness would allow a better cardiovascular characterization of the patients. However, the measurements of hemodynamic parameters and arterial stiffness can vary during the 24 hours from individual to individual by all known mechanisms involved in the regulation of blood pressure such as cortisol, central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, along with the renin angiotensin and aldosterone system, which are usually only measured in a single moment. Generally, the choice of drug in a patient with SAH is based only on the values of peripheral blood pressure at the time of the measurement. The use of oscillometric equipment such as the Mobil-O-Graph 24 allows to the investigators to know the hemodynamic and arterial stiffness behavior during 24 hours; therefore, this could favor the choice of the most appropriate antihypertensive drug, dose and administration time. The use of angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARA II) At1 blockers such as losartan and calcium channel blockers (CCB) for instance amlodipine have shown a reduction in CAP and peripheral blood pressure respectively in patients with SAH. The most prescribed drugs in health units worldwide are enalapril, amlodipine, losartan and atenolol, of which the most used combination is losartan with amlodipine. There are no studies to date that allow investigators to identify the effect of the administration of losartan / amlodipine in a fixed combination form on the hemodynamic parameters and arterial stiffness of patients with SAH. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to evaluate the effect of this fixed combination versus losartan on hemodynamic and arterial stiffness parameters based on the behavior of these for 24 hours.