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Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) in the colon using an over-the-scope clip (OTSC) as a closure mechanism is a recent technique that allows the endoscopic resection of colonic lesions that are poor candidates for conventional endoscopic resection techniques. The aim is to study the safety and efficacy of EFTR in colon.
Treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma is surgical resection. Only 10-15% of the patients will be candidates for curative resection. After response to chemotherapy this figure rises 10-13% more. To perform the surgery it is necessary to have a sufficient remnant liver volume (RLV), which allows maintaining optimal liver function after resection. If the estimated RLV is insufficient preoperatively, portal venous embolization site (PVE) is performed for compensatory hypertrophy, thus increasing the number of resections 19%. Still, in 20% of these patients surgery can not be performed because RLV is not achieved or because the disease progresses while waiting for growth. Therefore, it is necessary to improve liver regeneration without promoting tumor growth. Studies on liver regeneration, have determined that cells (CD133 +) are involved in the liver hypertrophy that occurs after hepatectomy. CD133 + have been used to induce liver hypertrophy with encouraging results. This population of CD133 +, can be selected from peripheral blood after stimulation with Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), being able to obtain a large number of them. The investigators propose to treat patients who do not meet criteria for surgery because of insufficient volume <40%, with CD133 + and portal embolization in order to carry out a surgical resection in a second place.
Phase 2A study, assessing the antitumor activity and the safety profile of GM102, a new compound (monoclonal antibody), administered alone or in combination with chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer. The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the antitumor activity of GM102 single agent and in combination with trifluridine/tipiracil.
In patients in progression after oxaliplatin and irinotecan, the study FOLFIRINOX 3 proposes to evaluate the interest of modifying the standard pattern of administration of the molecule of irinotecan in order to make it more efficient. In combination with other chemotherapy drugs (5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, folinic acid and bevacizumab), irinotecan will be administered at the beginning and end of each cycle of chemotherapy, whereas it is normally administered at one time in the regimen. standard of treatment. The hypothesis of this study is an increase in the objective response rate at 2 months of 10 to 30% with a scheme by FOLFIRINOX3 - bevacizumab compared to an optimal treatment to date by FOLFIRINOX-bevacizumab.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of manufacturing a personalized neoantigen cancer vaccine, which involves predicting if the patient's neoantigens and generating a vaccine that encodes the predicted neoantigens.
This clinical trial aims to evaluate the efficacy, safety of ALK inhibitor in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Patients with ALK mutation.
The PICCOLINO is a randomized health services study performed within the framework of the Polish Colonoscopy Screening Program (PCSP) in Poland. Within the study 12,298 eligible persons between 55 and 64 years of age will be drawn from the Population Registry and randomly assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive an invitation to participate in one of the three screening strategies: (I) postal invitation to colonoscopy and a re-invitation to colonoscopy for initial non-responders, (II) postal invitation for screening using fecal immunochemical test (FIT) for non-responders and subjects refusing a colonoscopy, or (III) postal invitation offering a choice between FIT and colonoscopy. Colonoscopies will be performed in seven local centers participating in the study. FITs will be analyzed in the central laboratory. Subjects with positive FIT result will be recommended to undergo colonoscopy. The primary outcome is participation with CRC screening within 18 weeks after enrollment, defined as completion of colonoscopy, or completion of FIT along with colonoscopy for positive FIT result. Secondary outcome will be diagnostic yield for advanced neoplasia (CRC or advanced adenoma). The study has been approved by a local bioethics committee.
The primary objective of this study is to collect de-identified, clinically-characterized stool and whole blood specimens for use in developing and evaluating the performance of new biomarker assays for the detection of colorectal cancer (CRC).
Prospective single arm, single center observational study to assess the nutritional status and the nutrient supply during hospitalization for elective gastrointestinal surgery.
Progastrin is a pro-hormone that, in physiological conditions, is maturated in gastrin in G cells of the stomach. The role of the gastrin is to stimulate the secretion of gastric acids during digestion. It is also important for the regulation of cell growth of the gastric mucosal. In a healthy person, progastrin is not detectable in the peripheral blood. However, progastrin is abnormally released in the blood of patients with different cancers (colorectal, gastric, ovarian, breast, cervix uterus, melanoma…) The gene GAST coding for progastrin is a direct target gene of the WNT/ß-catenin oncogenic pathway. The activation of this oncogenic pathway is an early event in cancer development. Chronic activation of the WNT/ß-catenin oncogenic pathway occurs in almost all human solid tumors and is a central mechanism in cancer biology that induces cellular proliferation, blocking of differentiation leading to primary tumor growth and metastasis formation. Progastrin measured in the peripheral blood of patients on treatments, could be a new powerful marker for diagnosis and prognosis at different stages.