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This is a pragmatic, randomized, controlled trial of a geographically randomized intervention in which all eligible patients will receive a mailed fecal immunochemical test (FIT) kit (the GeoMail study). In this study, all ZIP Codes in Dallas County will be randomized to either treatment or usual care. Patients in treated neighborhoods will receive kits at the same time; patients in usual care neighborhoods will receive FIT kits randomly throughout the year. All eligible patients will receive a FIT kit each year. The trial will be conducted in a racially and socioeconomically diverse cohort of patients served by an integrated safety net delivery system. This study represents a pragmatic adaptation to the "FIT first" population health screening strategy in which all eligible patients are mailed FIT kits. All patients will also have access to whatever colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is recommended through usual visit-based care.
The primary endpoint is to obtain longitudinal information on four sub-populations from the Cologuard Post-Approval Study. The sub-populations consist of the following characteristics: positive first Cologuard test and negative colonoscopy or no colonoscopy and positive 3-year follow-up Cologuard test and negative colonoscopy or no colonoscopy.
Objectives: Colonoscopy and stool-based testing are the two predominant colorectal cancer (CRC) screening tests used in the US, and both reduce colorectal cancer mortality. However, only 62% of Americans are up to date with screening, partly because many individuals find these two tests inconvenient or unacceptable for a variety of reasons. There is an unmet need for a non-invasive test that does not require bowel preparation or handling stool, and the Septin9 DNA blood test may be an alternative for those individuals who would otherwise remain unscreened. Aims: Aim 1: To measure screening uptake with a blood test in screen-resistant patients who have declined both colonoscopy and fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) at the Manhattan VA Medical Center - Sub-Aim 1a: To assess the proportion of those with a positive blood-based screening test who undergo diagnostic colonoscopy - Sub-Aim 1b: To describe the endoscopic findings on diagnostic colonoscopy Aim 2: To survey screen-resistant patients to understand their beliefs and attitudes about colorectal cancer screening and testing options We hypothesize that a substantial proportion of patients who have refused colonoscopy and FIT will accept the blood test. We hypothesize this will be driven by the convenience of the blood test. Methods: This will be randomized controlled trial of individuals who have refused colonoscopy and FIT within past 6 months. Eligible patients will be randomized 1:1 to the intervention or control group. Both groups will be invited to participate in navigated colonoscopy or FIT by letter and telephone call. The intervention group will also be invited to participate in the blood test if they refuse colonoscopy and FIT. We will enroll 180 participants in each group (total n=360).
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if durvalumab and trametinib can help to control microsatellite stable (MSS) colorectal cancer. The safety of these drugs will also be studied. This is an investigational study. Durvalumab is FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of previously treated advanced bladder cancer. Trametinib is FDA approved in combination with another drug called dabrafenib for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma with BRAF V600E or BRAF V600K. It is investigational to use durvalumab and trametinib to treat MSS colorectal cancer. Up to 56 participants will be enrolled in this study. All will take part at MD Anderson.
France is one of the European countries where the incidence of colorectal cancer is the highest among cancers for both sexes. Fecal occult blood screening has been implemented since 2008. However, this screening excludes high risk people who have a 10 to 30 % risk of developing a CRC during their lifetime. Colonoscopy follow up of these persons is not organized, and it is up to the attending physician to recall the date of the surveillance colonoscopy. This results in a poor compliance with the recommendations by these people. A postal reminder of the surveillance colonoscopies sent by The French screening organizations to the patients should increase adherence to follow-up recommendations. The colorectal cancer screening organizations will collects from the hepatogastroenterologists (HGE) informations on colonoscopies of people more than 50 years old who live in the Rhone. These informations will allow to send a reminder 3 months before the date recommended by the HGE. Participation rate and timeliness will be assessed, as well as the severity of the lesions found. A medico-economic analysis will also be carried out.
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common types of cancer in Denmark, and mortality among patients is high. Patients presenting with alarm symptoms of CRC are referred to colonoscopy in the cancer patient pathway for CRC. However, the proportion of patients with alarm symptoms who have CRC is below 10%. Simultaneously, the burden on endoscopy units to conduct fast-track colonoscopies is growing. Occult blood in the faeces may be an early sign of cancer or precancerous lesions, and can be detected by an immunochemical faecal occult blood test (iFOBT). Few studies have examined the diagnostic properties of the iFOBT among symptomatic patients, and reported sensitivities ranging from 88%-100%, specificities from 77%-94%, and negative predictive values from 98%-100%. These results were derived from diverse patient populations, and used different cut-offs to define positive test results. Using iFOBT may be a valuable tool for the GP when deciding on referral of the patient to the cancer patient pathway. However, evidence is needed on the diagnostic accuracy of the test to detect CRC among patients presenting with alarm symptoms. Hypothesis: In patients presenting with alarm symptoms of CRC, detection of faecal occult blood by iFOBT is an accurate measure of the presence of colonic lesions. Aim: The aim of the study is to examine the diagnostic accuracy of the iFOBT among symptomatic patients referred to colonoscopy in the cancer patient pathway for CRC. Materials and methods: The project is conducted as a diagnostic accuracy study. Patients appointed for colonoscopy will be invited to collect a faecal sample and mail it for analysis. The iFOBT result will be registered in a computer-based laboratory information system. The result of the colonoscopy will be registered in Danish national health registries. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value will be calculated as measures of the diagnostic properties of the iFOBT, using the result of colonoscopy as the reference standard. The accuracy of the test by type of alarm symptom will also be assessed. Perspectives: The study will provide new and valuable data to evaluate the referral criteria for the cancer patient pathway. Given a good discriminatory ability of the iFOBT among symptomatic patients, fast-track colonoscopy may not be necessary as a first-choice examination in the diagnostic work-up of these patients.
Colorectal cancer is the most common cancer in Europe and the third worldwide. Approximately 1 in 20 men and 1 in 35 women will develop colorectal cancer at some moment in their life. In Flanders, in 2014, there was an increase in the detection of colorectal cancer with 21% compared to 2013. Early detection improves the prognosis for the patient. In this early stage, colorectal surgery is one of the most important treatments, but it is also complex and has a high complication rate. However, over the last decade, surgical care for patients with colorectal cancer has become more standardized. The use of structured care methods, such as care pathways and protocols, has helped in standardizing care processes. Specifically for patients with colorectal cancer, perioperative care has shifted with the implementation of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs. The goal of ERAS- protocols is to optimize the interventions during the perioperative hospitalization period and reduce postoperative complications. Despite the increasing evidence in favor of the use of these standardized protocols, adherence and implementation in daily practice remains challenging. The primary goal of this quality improvement project is to enhance the standardization of key interventions in the ERAS care process for patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Therefore, adherence to the ERAS-guidelines will be investigated and hospitals will receive feedback to set up improvement initiatives. Moreover, interactive group sessions and on-site training activities will stimulate knowledge sharing and define best practices.
Detection of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) directly from tissue by headspace analysis (skin, surgery material, other tissue) and exhaled breath is feasible using affordable user-friendly novel nano-chemo sensors that can accurately be used for screening and monitoring purpose
The purpose of this study is to test different approaches to help people understand the purpose of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, two screening test options available, and the barriers to screening so they can make informed decisions about CRC screening. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of three groups: (1) one group will receive a tailored digital video disc (DVD) in the mail; (2) another group will receive the mailed DVD plus telephone calls from a patient navigator; and (3) the third group will receive the care normally provided by the healthcare system's endoscopy department. The investigators hypothesize the following: (1) participants who receive the tailored DVD plus the patient navigation intervention will have higher rates of CRC screening with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT), colonoscopy, or either screening test compared to those who receive the tailored DVD alone; (2) participants who receive either intervention (DVD only or DVD plus patient navigation) will have higher rates of CRC screening with FIT, colonoscopy, or either screening test than those who receive usual care; and (3) participants who receive either intervention who complete colonoscopy will have better quality of bowel preparation, less anxiety about the procedure, and greater satisfaction with the colonoscopy experience than those who receive usual care.
Participants will be mailed an invitation to complete CRC screening along with a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) kit, containing a 1-sample "Polymedco Over the Counter (OC) Sensor FIT", simplified English/Spanish instructions on performing the test, educational information about colorectal cancer screening and a return mailer with prepaid postage. Processes that will be used to promote screening completion include automated and "live" phone call reminders to encourage completion of FIT testing. Participants will be randomly assigned to 1 of 5 interventions across 3 conditions, described below: 1. Condition 1 (Standard Intervention): - Branch I: Participants assigned to the control condition will receive a FIT kit and the standard invitation letter to participate in free screening. 2. Condition 2 (Time Guideline): - Branch II: Participants will receive a FIT kit and invitation letter to participate in free screening with a 1-week time restriction. - Branch III: Participants will receive a FIT kit and invitation letter to participate in free screening with a 3-week time restriction. 3. Condition 3 (Time Guideline + Incentive): - Branch IV: Participants will receive a FIT kit and invitation letter to participate in free screening requesting they return the kit within 1-week for a "higher" monetary incentive or within 3 weeks for a "lower" (half of the higher) monetary incentive. - Branch V: Participants will receive a FIT kit and invitation letter to participate in free screening requesting they return the kit within 1-week for a "higher" (same as lower in Branch IV) monetary incentive or within 3 weeks for a "lower" (half of the higher) monetary incentive. Participants with a normal test result will receive a personal letter confirming this with invitations to complete a repeat screening in subsequent year(s). Participants receiving an abnormal FIT result will be navigated to complete a diagnostic colonoscopy. Participants continuing in the screening program in subsequent years will receive letters emphasizing the importance of repeat screening to prevent adverse CRC outcomes.