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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of manufacturing a personalized neoantigen cancer vaccine, which involves predicting if the patient's neoantigens and generating a vaccine that encodes the predicted neoantigens.
Gastric cancer is a global health threat. Helicobacter pylori is now recognized as the main risk factor that initiates this process; hence, H. pylori eradication has been considered the most effective method to ameliorate the burden of gastric cancer. Serum pepsinogen levels reveal the current atrophy of the stomach and predict gastric cancer risk. A risk prediction model with the combination of H. pylori infection and serum pepsinogen level could identify the highest-risk gastric cancer patients. Colorectal cancers (CRC) rank second and third as the leading causes of cancer-related death in men and women, respectively. For CRC prevention, a two-stage approach using the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is popular; besides, the FIT levels may serve as a guide for priority setting in prompting residents to undergo colonoscopy. Therefore, the effectiveness and utility of aggressive referral confirmatory diagnosis protocol in a colorectal cancer screening program for those with high FIT levels urgently need to evaluate.
This clinical trial aims to evaluate the efficacy, safety of ALK inhibitor in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Patients with ALK mutation.
The PICCOLINO is a randomized health services study performed within the framework of the Polish Colonoscopy Screening Program (PCSP) in Poland. Within the study 12,298 eligible persons between 55 and 64 years of age will be drawn from the Population Registry and randomly assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive an invitation to participate in one of the three screening strategies: (I) postal invitation to colonoscopy and a re-invitation to colonoscopy for initial non-responders, (II) postal invitation for screening using fecal immunochemical test (FIT) for non-responders and subjects refusing a colonoscopy, or (III) postal invitation offering a choice between FIT and colonoscopy. Colonoscopies will be performed in seven local centers participating in the study. FITs will be analyzed in the central laboratory. Subjects with positive FIT result will be recommended to undergo colonoscopy. The primary outcome is participation with CRC screening within 18 weeks after enrollment, defined as completion of colonoscopy, or completion of FIT along with colonoscopy for positive FIT result. Secondary outcome will be diagnostic yield for advanced neoplasia (CRC or advanced adenoma). The study has been approved by a local bioethics committee.
The primary objective of this study is to collect de-identified, clinically-characterized stool and whole blood specimens for use in developing and evaluating the performance of new biomarker assays for the detection of colorectal cancer (CRC).
Prospective single arm, single center observational study to assess the nutritional status and the nutrient supply during hospitalization for elective gastrointestinal surgery.
Progastrin is a pro-hormone that, in physiological conditions, is maturated in gastrin in G cells of the stomach. The role of the gastrin is to stimulate the secretion of gastric acids during digestion. It is also important for the regulation of cell growth of the gastric mucosal. In a healthy person, progastrin is not detectable in the peripheral blood. However, progastrin is abnormally released in the blood of patients with different cancers (colorectal, gastric, ovarian, breast, cervix uterus, melanoma…) The gene GAST coding for progastrin is a direct target gene of the WNT/ß-catenin oncogenic pathway. The activation of this oncogenic pathway is an early event in cancer development. Chronic activation of the WNT/ß-catenin oncogenic pathway occurs in almost all human solid tumors and is a central mechanism in cancer biology that induces cellular proliferation, blocking of differentiation leading to primary tumor growth and metastasis formation. Progastrin measured in the peripheral blood of patients on treatments, could be a new powerful marker for diagnosis and prognosis at different stages.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common cancer for men and the second most common for women. Several studies have shown that gut microbiome may play a role in triggering intestinal inflammation that leads to the development of CRC. Gut microbiome is the collection of microorganisms that inhabit the gut. Therefore, manipulation of the gut microbiome via administration of probiotics may potentially improve the health and nutritional status in patients with CRC. The aims of this study are to investigate the role of probiotic functional foods in reducing CRC-related inflammatory markers and symptom alleviation.Participants will be needed to complete an information details form which includes information on age, medical history, background details and diet. Participants are required to consume the investigational product twice daily for six months. Blood samples will be collected prior to surgery and at 6th months post product consumption. These blood samples will be processed and analysed.
This is an observation pilot trial aimed to study to the association between mindfulness and other psychological factors, including both protective and risk factors, with recovery of functional ability following colorectal cancer surgery.
This study is a two-arm, randomized controlled trial, comparing the effects of a 12-week group-based physical activity intervention to a 1:1 supervised physical activity (i.e. personal training) on long-term physical activity adherence.