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Clinical Trial Summary

Introduction: Taxinomisis trial is part of the Taxinomisis project. The concept of the Taxinomisis project is to stratify carotid artery disease relying on new modern data corresponding to contemporary patients based on information from longitudinal studies. Taxinomisis trial will validate this tool and adjust such stratification. Initial step of the project is characterization of symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid atherosclerotic plaque lesions, identification of risk and susceptibility factors through the exploitation of longitudinal cohort data and multiomics and disintegration of carotid artery disease phenotypes into endotypes through joint modeling of multipleomics data sets and systems medicine approaches. Finally such stratification model will be validated and adjusted in the Taxinomisis clinical trial.

Clinical Trial Description

Aim of the trial is to validate TAXINOMISIS system for risk stratification of carotid artery stenotic disease. Primary endpoints are stroke, transitory ischemic attack or retinal symptom while secondary endpoints are MRI silent brain lesions and carotid plaque progression.

Patient with moderate to severe extra-cranial, both asymptomatic and symptomatic, carotid artery stenosis will be enrolled in the prospective observational multi-center trial in five European (Athens, Barcelona, Belgrade, Genoa, Munich and Utrecht) vascular centers. Inclusion will last from 31.3.2018 - 01.06.2019. Patients with short life expectancy, high potential of stroke from other cause or patients with complex and tandem carotid lesions will be excluded from the trial.

Included patients will be examined clinically, basic laboratory exam will be performed and part of blood specimen will be stored and assessed later. Carotid plaque will be analysed by means of duplex and MRI image while brain lesions will be detected on brain MRI.

Treatment strategy will be dependent on guidelines of good clinical practice and let independently to institutional multidisciplinary panelist board. In patients treated with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) carotid plaque will be stored and assessed for future analysis. In respect to allocated therapy patients will follow different follow up protocols.

Intervention group: Patients undergoing intervention CEA or carotid artery stenting (CAS), will be followed by clinical examination and carotid duplex on 12, 24 and 36 month. If there is coexisting contralateral carotid stenosis greater than 50% and not requiring interventional treatment (CEA or CAS), patient should cross in optimal medical therapy group.

Optimal medical therapy group: Patients not subjected to intervention (or in whom one carotid has been treated with CAS or CEA and contra-lateral stenosis is greater than 50%) will be followed with carotid duplex (at 12, 24 and 36 months) and MRI imaging of carotid tree from aortic arch up to the circle of Willis after 12 and 36 months.

Trial plans to recruit 270 patients distributed in participating centers based on individual capabilities of each center. The diagnostic performance of the new risk model, and its accuracy to discriminate high versus low risk cases for cerebrovascular complications from carotid artery disease will be evaluated using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The accuracy (discriminated ability) of the model will be assessed by measuring the Area under the ROC curve (AUC). An AUC 0.80 and 90% CI, for the sensitivity of prediction model of 80% with marginal error of 10%, will be targeted.

Trial will terminate after finalizing 36 months of follow up for included patients at June 2022. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03495830
Study type Observational
Source University of Belgrade
Contact Themis Exarchos, PhD
Phone 00306947709387
Status Recruiting
Start date March 29, 2018
Completion date September 1, 2022

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