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Clinical Trial Summary

Older cancer patients referred to Oncology outpatient Clinic at Aarhus University Hospital have for a period been offered Comprehensive geriatric Assessment (CGA) as part of a routine practice. Oncology Department was responsible for planning the CGA. A number of patients did however not recieve this offer as planning failed. This Group of patients will be compared to patients recieving Geriatric assessment.

Patients recieving CGA is part of a Randomised controlled study (ID: NCT02837679) comparing CGA without 90 days follow-up to CGA with 90 days of Comprehensive geriatric care.

Patients are identified from electronic medical files. Data regarding death is obtained from Medical files.


Clinical Trial Description

Inclusion criteria:

- 70 years or more

- Cancer of the head and neck (HNC), lung (LC), upper gastro-intestinal- tract (UGI) or colo-rectal cancer (CRC)

- Referred to the Outpatient Clinic at department of oncology at Aarhus University Hospital for cancer treatment.

- Living in Aarhus, Favrskov, Odder or Skanderborg Municipalities

Exclusion:

- Referred for specialised palliative care

Patients with both newly diagnosed cancer disease and patients with a relapse of previously treated cancer disease are included. Patients qualify for participation regardless of the stage of the cancer disease and regardless if specific cancer treatment is initiated.

The oncology department is responsible for identifying patients and informing of the planned CGA.

All potential patients referred to the oncology outpatient clinic are identified by retrospective review of lists of planned consultations in the oncology department out patient clinic available in the electronic medical file approximately once a week. By this procedure patients who were not informed of the possibility of having a CGA are identified (Group1) Patients who are referred for geriatric evaluation have a complete CGA at baseline. The CGA comprises 7 instruments for assessing health: Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) for autonomy, Mini Nutritional Status (MNA) for nutritional state, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) for Cognitive state, Geriatric Depression Scale 15-item (GDS) for mood and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale - Geriatrics (CIRS-G) for comorbidity and number of daily medication for polypharmacy as previously published. According to CGA, patients were given a CGA-status of "fit", "vulnerable" or "frail". In order to be "fit" all of the following should be present: Independence in ADL and IADL, less than 5 daily medications, no severe comorbidity and no more than 2 well controlled comorbidities, normal cognitive ability and no indications of depression or malnutrition. Information on whether or not the multidisciplinary team initiated any individual action/advice based on the CGA in group 1 and group 2 was registered as well. Interventions initiated by the multidisciplinary team were recorded in four categories: medical changes, nutritional intervention, physical intervention or social intervention. These interventions were registered before randomization was performed Frail and vulnerable patients are offered participation in a controlled randomized study (Clinical trialsID: NCT02837679). Patients are randomly and 1:1 assigned to either: No tailored follow-up (Group 2) or 90 days tailored follow up (group 3). Randomization were performed by REDcap and allocated equally by CGA-status (frail/vulnerable), gender and index tumor site (CRC or no-CRC).

It is not possible to blind patients or the multidisciplinary team of the randomization.

Group 2 has no tailored follow up on the problems found during CGA. Group 3 has 90 days tailored follow-up on problems that were identified during CGA and problems that evolved during the follow-up period.

Tailored follow-up The tailored intervention consists of phone calls, home visits, or contact to community care-takers. A multidisciplinary team consisting of a trained geriatric nurse and a geriatrician specialist performs the follow up. The team can perform clinical investigation of patients, initiate changes in medication, or referral to further investigation. Furthermore transfusion of blood, fluids or i.v. antibiotics could be performed either at home or in the geriatric out patient clinic. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT03814213
Study type Observational
Source University of Aarhus
Contact
Status Active, not recruiting
Phase
Start date January 16, 2019
Completion date December 1, 2019

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