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The Danish Study Group of Infections of the Brain is a collaboration between all departments of infectious diseases in Denmark. The investigators aim to monitor epidemiological trends in central nervous system (CNS) infections by a prospective registration of clinical characteristics and outcome of all adult (>17 years of age) patients with community-acquired CNS infections diagnosed and/or treated at departments of infectious diseases in Denmark since 1st of January 2015.
Pilonidal disease refers to a common disease affecting mostly young males. It may present as asymptomatic pits, acute and painful abscess formation, or chronic discharging sinuses. There are many treatment options for the latter two manifestations but broadly speaking the surgical treatment of acute pilonidal abscess can fall into three categories: (1) incision and drainage, (2) de-roofing and curettage and (3) wide local excision. The evidence available for the surgical management of acute pilonidal abscess is limited. Previous studies have consistently demonstrated that incision and drainage results in high recurrence rates and should not be considered as the first-line treatment option for the management of acute pilonidal abscess. However, it is not clear whether abscess de-roofing with curettage or wide local excision should be considered as the surgical procedure of choice in acute pilonidal abscess. There has not been a prospective randomised study comparing abscess de-roofing with curettage and wide local excision for acute pilonidal abscess. The ideal surgical procedure would be one that results in the lowest rate of abscess recurrence, treats the underlying pilonidal sinus thereby reducing the need for re-operation but has acceptable post-operative pain, complications and time to complete wound healing.
This prospective, randomized controlled trial enrolled a convenience sample of adults and children presenting to two Level 1 trauma centers over 12-months with subcutaneous skin abscesses necessitating drainage. Two methods of drainage were compared: 1) the LOOP technique or 2) standard packing technique.
Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) has a relatively high incidence of 41 per 100,000/year in Denmark. In spite of that, there is no regional or national consensus on treatment of PTA. Abscess drainage can be done by aspiration, incision or acute tonsillectomy. Several studies show that incision and aspiration are equally successful. The aim for this study is to compare aspiration to acute tonsillectomy (tonsillectomy a chaud) in a RCT study regarding sick-leave days, days of admission, pain, consumption of antibiotics, consumption of painkillers and patients´ self-assessed quality of life.
The aim of this trial is to compare internal wound packing to no packing in postoperative management following incision and drainage of perianal abscess. Participants will be randomised 1:1 to either the packing or non-packing arm.
In this research study, a device called the Derma-Stent will be tested. The sponsor of the study, Mar-Med Company, will supply the device. This device is used to drain a cutaneous abscess, which is a skin infection that results in buildup of pus under the skin. Currently, the normal treatment for this abscess is to cut and drain and the wound, and later pack the wound with gauze. Packing is done to prevent the pus to accumulate again. But regular gauze is difficult for patient to remove themselves, so another visit to the doctor is usually necessary. The Derma-Stent device will be tested to see how easily patients can remove this by themselves and if it is less painful and more effective than normal gauze packing.
The treatment of the acute phase of the complicated abscess tubo-ovarian relies on antibiotics more or less associated with surgical management in case of visible abscess, poor clinical tolerance (sepsis) and resistance to medical treatment. The CNGOF recommended in 2012 that the tubo-ovarian abscess are not within one antibiotic, and should be drained by interventional radiology, preferably by transvaginal or laparoscopic. Furthermore the efficiency of drainage by ultrasound puncture performed vaginally was demonstrated. This approach tends to replace the first laparoscopy because of its less invasive, fast, easy to access, more acceptable and less cost compared to laparoscopy. This approach is recommended by the French and English colleges. In total, the surgery in case of ATO is necessary, it is always coupled with antibiotics. Several surgical approaches are possible, laparotomy, laparoscopy and ultrasound-guided puncture. No prospective comparative study has been done, for which we want to develop this study.
This study aims to describe the safety and efficacy of adjunctive nitrous oxide to lidocaine anesthesia in decreasing pain in adults during incision and drainage (I&D) of cutaneous abscesses in the emergency department (ED). Incision and drainage has been considered one of the more painful procedures performed in the ED. Standard care recommends a minimum of local anesthesia, however, there is no consensus on the appropriateness of pain management during ED painful procedures, such as incision and drainage. Oligoanalgesia continues to be a problem for ED health care providers. Despite extensive research in mechanisms of pain, factors relating to inadequate pain management, and evidence-based pain management strategies, implementation of effective pain management in the ED is still lacking. Nitrous oxide is a weak sedative agent with analgesic and anxiolytic properties. Rapid onset and short duration of action, ease of use, and favorable cardio-respiratory profile makes it an ideal agent for analgesia in the ED and may provide a novel strategy for pain management in I&D. While it has been studied an adjunct to laceration repair in children and labor in women, the use in the ED setting is not known. Adult patients capable of consenting, with simple cutaneous abscess requiring incision and drainage are the targeted population. Eligible patients who consent to the study will be randomized to one of two groups: nitrous oxide/local anesthesia or oxygen/local anesthesia. Primary endpoints assessed will be pain scores using the VAS at baseline, ten minutes after NO administration, immediately post I&D procedure, and ten minutes after procedure completion. Additionally, secondary endpoints of patient and physician procedure satisfaction scores, total time of nitrous oxide used, and presence of adverse events, including respiratory depression defined by peripheral SaO2 below 92%, ETCO2 level above 50, a rise or decrease of 10% above or below baseline, the loss of the ETCO2 waveform for more than 15 seconds. The vital signs, medical conditions, demographics, and abscess dimensions will also be collected.
Objective: the aim of this study is to identify risk factors associated with the development of pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) in adult liver recipients (ALR) and to describe the experience of the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires (HIBA) in the diagnosis and therapeutic management of these patients. Background: adult liver recipients differ from the general population with PLA as they exhibit: reconstructed biliary anatomy, recurrent hospitalizations, regular performance status and are subjected to immunosuppression. However, the scientific evidence regarding PLA developed in transplanted organs is still scarce and the management of this disease continues to be based on experience in non-transplanted patients. Methods: between 1996 and 2016, 879 adult patients underwent liver transplantation (LT) at our institution. Patients who developed PLA after LT (cases) and controls are matched according to the time from transplant to abscess in a 1 to 5 relation. The investigators performed a logistic regression model to establish PLA risk factors considering clusters for matched cases and controls. Independent risk factors will be identified using multivariate regression analysis.
The PeriAPPAC trial is a prospective randomised study comparing interval laparoscopic appendectomy with follow-up MRI in patients with initially successfully treated periappendicular abscess. Periappendicular abscess is generally initially treated conservatively with antibiotic therapy and if necessary, drainage. Operative treatment in the acute abscess phase is associated with increased morbidity and thus complicated appendicitis with a periappendicular abscess is initially treated conservatively. However, there is debate on whether interval appendectomy is required. After initial successful conservative treatment of a CT- or MRI-diagnosed periappendicular abscess, patients enrolled in the PeriAPPAC study are randomised either to interval appendectomy or to follow-up with MRI at two months after the initial treatment. All patients also undergo a colonoscopy, appendectomy patients prior to surgery and MRI patients after the MRI (outpatient visit at endoscopy unit with information on the MRI). The primary endpoint is the treatment success in both treatment arms. In the interval appendectomy evaluated as possible morbidity related to appendectomy and in the follow-up treatment arm as possible recurrence of the appendicitis and/or abscess during a one-year follow-up. The PeriAPPAC study is a multi centre trial and the participating hospitals are Turku University Hospital, Oulu University Hospital, Tampere University Hospital, Kuopio University Hospital and Seinäjoki Central Hospital.