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This study aims to compare mifepristone and buccal misoprostol to mifepristone and vaginal misoprostol for cervical preparation for second trimester dilation and evacuation (D&E).
This randomized controlled study will be performed to compare the benefits and risks associated with the administration of misoprostol with or without the use of a transcervical balloon catheter to terminate pregnancy in the second trimester (defined as gestational age between 14 and 28 weeks of gestation).
Induction termination of pregnancy (second trimester abortion) has a median time of 14 hours from the start of medication (misoprostol) to expulsion of the fetus. The objective of this study is to evaluate a method of 'priming' on the length of induction termination of pregnancy. "Priming" refers to the use of medication to ready the cervix and uterus so that the uterus is more sensitive to medication and contracts more effectively, and also refers to softening of the cervix so that there is less resistance to dilation. Priming is used extensively before induction of labor for term pregnancy and is also used extensively before surgical abortion in second trimester. We would like to add priming the evening before induction to the usual treatment and evaluate whether the length of the induction process is shortened. Women are admitted to the hospital in the morning to start misoprostol medication, and unless expulsion occurs within 8-10 hours, need to stay overnight. The study design is to give the priming dose 12 hours before admission. The outcome of interest is the induction time from the first dose on misoprostol in the hospital to expulsion of the fetus. This study aims to assess whether the use of misoprostol as a priming agent would be beneficial with women who undergo induction termination of pregnancy.
Mid-second trimester medical terminations of pregnancy require admission to the hospital for the length of time it takes a woman to abort. The current protocol at BMC uses intra-amniotic digoxin injection the day prior to admission. The following day, the woman is admitted and given sequential doses of misoprostol until delivery occurs. The average length of time between the first dose of misoprostol and delivery is 12 hours, requiring most women to stay overnight. This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study designed to determine whether adding mifepristone significantly reduces the induction interval time (time between starting the first misoprostol and delivery) required for a second trimester termination.