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Clinical Trial Summary

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a chronic and progressive eye disease and is one of the leading causes of vision impairment globally. AMD is referred to as either the dry or the wet type, where the wet type (also called neovascular-AMD or nAMD) is a later stage of the disease with neovascularization and retinal edema being the main attributes. This will usually cause subacute distortion or loss of central vision in patients. Since 2004, a successful treatment alternative for nAMD has been ocular injections with anti-VEGF (anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor), causing the neovascularization and edema to regress and vision to improve. However, injections have to be repeated, usually requiring 8 injections or more during the first year of treatment. This can cause both a risk for serious adverse effects and is a significant financial drain on health care resources. Patients undergoing treatment are at risk for retinal edema recurrence. The time interval tolerated between injections is individual, and the accepted treatment strategy of today is to gradually, in a stepwise manner, increase the interval between injections. For some patients this extension is well tolerated, but for many patients relapse of proliferations and retinal edema will recur. With state-of-the-art technology OCT-A (optical coherence tomography-angiography) in combination with the clinically, well established examination method of OCT (optical coherence tomography), the project group will study the phenotypic vessel and tissue changes that occur in between injections. Furthermore, the investigators will measure cytokines, chemokines and growth factors in blood samples and the tear film during different treatment stages to see if any single factor is prognostic for poorer response to treatment or relapse. In the short term, the project group hope that the knowledge gained from this project could lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms behind nAMD neovascular relapse and to apply this to routine screening in the clinics. In the longer term, the project group hope that elucidating the physical mechanisms and molecular changes could enable new targeted therapies to be developed. Aim 1: To characterize the phenotype of vessels in relapsing nAMD patients and compare to those without relapse using OCT-A imaging Aim 2: To investigate retinal edema and choroidal thickness in correlation with neovascular changes of relapsing nAMD Aim 3: To measure cytokines, chemokines and growth factors in the tear film before and during treatment with anti-VEGF for nAMD With our main hypothesis being: Relapse of nAMD in patients occurs principally through reconfiguration and vasodilatation of persistent non-regressed vessels following anti-VEGF treatment, while fully regressed vessels remain dormant


Clinical Trial Description

n/a


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05211804
Study type Observational
Source Sorlandet Hospital HF
Contact Erlend Hoven
Phone +47 37014905
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase
Start date February 8, 2022
Completion date August 2023

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