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Clinical Trial Summary

In this pilot waitlist-controlled trial, 17 mothers with infants (2-15 months) admitted themselves for a Mindful with your Baby (MwyB) training in a non-clinical setting because of (parental) stress. MwyB was offered in groups of three to six dyads and consisted of eight 2-hour sessions. Participants completed questionnaires on symptoms of parental stress, stress, depression, anxiety, mindfulness and self-compassion at 8-week waitlist, pretest, posttest and 8-week follow-up.

Clinical Trial Description

This study used a quasi-experimental design. Participants were recruited in various ways. After admitting themselves to the study, participants were called by the trainer, to check inclusion criteria: a subjective experience of (parental) stress, and the ability to speak and read Dutch. Exclusion criteria were: a current unsafe situation for the baby, and maternal psychosis or suicidality. None of the mothers that admitted themselves were excluded. Participants gave informed consent online, before completing the first set of online questionnaires using forced responses via Qualtrics software. A waitlist assessment was administered 8 weeks prior to the start of the training, to control for the effects of time, assessment and other intervention. The pretest assessment took place in the week before the start of the training, posttest the week after the end of the training and follow-up eight weeks after the end of the training, respectively. Intervention The MwyB training consists of 8 weekly 2-hour sessions, and a follow-up session 8 weeks after the last session. It is adapted to the presence of the babies (in 7 of the 9 sessions), and the themes that play a role for most mothers with a baby. The MwyB training was given and studied before from May 20213 until september 2016 in a clinical setting, given by a mental health psychologist/mindfulness/mindful parenting trainer plus an infant mental health specialist (study published in 2017, see citations). In this study the training was given in a non-clinical setting by a licensed midwife/mindfulness/mindful parenting/mindfulness based childbirth and parenting trainer plus an assistant (a master student Psychology or Pedagogics). The main role of the assistant was to ensure both physical and emotional safety of the babies during the meditation in which mothers closed their eyes. Four groups of 3 to 6 dyads were given between March 2016 and December 2017. Measures - Parental stress. Parental stress was assessed with the short form of the Dutch Parenting Stress Index, based on the American Parenting Stress Index. - Symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety. Maternal symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety were assessed by a short form of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21). - Mindfulness. Mindfulness was assessed using the short form of the Dutch version of the five-facet mindfulness questionnaire. See citation. - Self-compassion. To measure self-compassion the 3-item Self-Compassion Scale (SCS-3) was used. - Acceptability. Acceptability was assessed by an evaluation questionnaire at posttest. An adapted version of the stress reduction program evaluation, developed at the Center for Mindfulness of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, was used. Session attendance rate, reported in the evaluation questionnaire, was calculated by dividing the number of attended sessions by the total number of sessions. Data analyses All outcomes were tested with multilevel regression models that are known to accommodate missing data and dependence between observations. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05210075
Study type Interventional
Source University of Amsterdam
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date January 1, 2016
Completion date March 1, 2018

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