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Clinical Trial Summary

The study was designed to determine and compare the sevoflurane EC50 optimal concentration for laryngeal mask airway Supreme versus laryngeal mask airway ProSeal insertion during target-controlled infusion of remifentanil.

Clinical Trial Description

Since the introduction of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA), a number of new supraglottic airway devices as the LMA-Supreme (LMAS) and the LMA ProSeal (LMAP) have been developed for the management of the airway during general anesthesia, and specifically in the context of day surgery. ProSeal laryngeal mask airway is a reusable device designed to separate the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts, thereby improving the airway seal pressure and allowing for controlled ventilation more efficiently tan classic LMA. The LMAS was developed in 2007 as a single-use device provided with gastric canal, and combine the features of both intubating LMA and the LMAP. Recently, there has been a growing interest in these devices because of favourable studies obtained in several anaesthetic contexts that have proven their effectiveness and safety. Even though insertion of both devices were associated with a higher initial success rate, fewer airway manipulations and a safe and effective airway during anaesthesia, the anaesthetic techniques for its insertion were not standardised. Most available data on the requirements of anaesthetic drugs and co-induction agents used for insertion of both devices originate from research involving other assessments of the LMAs such as the seal respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. Investigators tested for differences in the predicted concentration of sevoflurane with remifentanil for the insertion of the LMAS vs. LMAP.

Methods: 45 patients American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I or II aged 20-60 years undergoing ambulatory elective surgery were randomized to either the LMAS or LMAP. The patients were premedicated with midazolam 1 mg iv before surgery. All patients were preoxygenated using 100% oxygen with a normal tidal volumen for 3 min. The circuit was primed with sevoflurane 5% at a fresh gas flow of 6 L/min for 1 min. Anaesthesia was induced with inhaled sevoflurane up to 5% in oxygen via facemask with fresh gas flow at 6 L/min. Simultaneously remifentanil at an effect-site of 4 ng/ml was started. Target-controlled infusions was used (Alaris PK) for remifentanil administration. After loss of consciousness, the inspired concentration of sevoflurane was changed to obtain a predetermined end-tidal concentration. A single experienced anaesthetist in the use of supraglottic devices inserted the devices according to the manufacturer's recommendations. The LMAs size was chosen according to the sex of the patients, size 4 for women and size 5 for men; however for patients weighing ≤50 kg a size 3 was inserted. Neuromuscular blocking agents were not given. Two nurses, who were blinded to the anaesthetic concentration, classified responses by the patient to LMA insertion as either "movement" or "not movement". Assesment was made for jaw relaxation and graded with Muzi score. A Muzi score >2 was defined as a failure of insertion. The end-tidal (ET) sevoflurane concentration used for each patient was determined using the Dixon's up-and-down method. The ratio of the end-tidal to predetermined end-tidal concentrations was maintained at 0.9-1.0 for at least 10 minutes to establish equilibration before device insertion was attempted. The first patient received a 2.5% sevoflurane concentration and the step size of increase/decrease was 0.5%. If the supraglottic device (LMAS or LMAP) insertion was successful, sevoflurane concentration for the next patient was decrease by 0.5%. If not, sevoflurane concentration was increased by the same amount for the next patient. For their comfort, patients experiencing movement received a 1-2 mg/kg bolus dose of propofol. ;

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03003377
Study type Interventional
Source Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañon
Status Completed
Phase Phase 4
Start date November 2014
Completion date October 2015

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