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Clinical Trial Summary

People with inflammatory diseases are often treated with medications that act to suppress the immune-system, increasing the risk of catching infections. Consequently, vaccination with the pneumonia and seasonal flu vaccines is recommended for them. They were also prioritised to receive the COVID-19 vaccines early in the national rollout. However, the uptake of the pneumonia and seasonal flu vaccines among this group is lower than ideal. There may be many reasons why they do or do not seek to be vaccinated for these infections, such as the belief it may cause their disease to flare up or lack of knowledge of vaccines effectiveness. Anecdotally there was a high uptake of COVID-19 vaccines in adults with inflammatory conditions, however, concerns about vaccine-induced disease flare-ups and reports of complications deterred some from being vaccinated. A better understanding of why people do and do not seek vaccination may result in more targeted messaging for patients to help overcome vaccine hesitancy for these infectious diseases. This study aims to explore the drivers and barriers to being vaccinated among adults with common inflammatory conditions and on immune-suppressing medication. They will be invited to participate in a single, semi-structured interview. Interviews will be face-to-face, by telephone or video-call, last up to one hour, and digitally audio-recorded. They will explore participants' understanding of pneumonia, seasonal flu and COVID-19 and the risk they pose to their health, their understanding of vaccinations, beliefs of the benefits and risks of vaccinations for these infections, and reasons for seeking or not seeking vaccination. Findings will inform messaging about being vaccinated for these infections in patient education leaflets, such as those by patient charities regularly provided at speciality clinics. They will also be disseminated to healthcare professionals to help them better understand the drivers and barriers to vaccination.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05115370
Study type Observational
Source University of Nottingham
Contact Amy Fuller
Phone 01158231761
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Start date November 1, 2021
Completion date March 1, 2022

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