Clinical Trials Logo

Clinical Trial Summary

The Trep-AB clinical trial will test the efficacy of an investigational neuropenetrative drug, Linezolid (LZD), compared to standard treatment, Benzathine penicillin G (BPG), for early syphilis in humans. The overarching idea of the work proposed herein is to investigate the use of LZD to treat syphilis, conducting a randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate this new indication of a known antibacterial agent. It is estimated to include 360 participants.


Clinical Trial Description

The syphilis epidemic is rampant around the world, and therapeutic options are restricted to an antibiotic, intramuscular (IM) BPG, which does not efficiently cross the blood-brain barrier. Treponema pallidum (T.p.), the bacteria that causes syphilis, invades the central nervous system (CNS) in 40% of patients, usually without symptoms. The prognostic implications of CNS invasion are the potential for severe neurologic complications, and treatment failure due to sequestered bacteria in the CNS. When indicated, the only way to identify and treat neurosyphilis is by lumbar puncture to examine the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), followed by intravenous (IV) Benzyl penicillin therapy. The invetigators have carried out in silico studies showing that oxazolidinones are potentially active against T.p., are neuropenetrative and can be administered orally. The invetigators have carried out preclinical studies using an in vitro culture system for T.p. and the use of the syphilis animal model with rabbits to test different antibiotics. The invetigators have confirmed that LZD was the best compound that could go on to be tested in clinical trials to treat syphilis. The Trep-AB clinical trial will test the efficacy of an investigational neuropenetrative drug, LZD, compared to standard treatment BPG, for early syphilis in humans conducting a randomized controlled clinical. Primary objective is to demonstrate the non-inferiority of LZD treatment compared with standard BPG treatment to cure patients with early syphilis. Seconday objective is to isolate T.p. strains in clinical samples to subtype DNA from patients at baseline and during recurrence or treatment failure. It is estimated to include 360 participants. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05069974
Study type Interventional
Source Fundación FLS de Lucha Contra el Sida, las Enfermedades Infecciosas y la Promoción de la Salud y la Ciencia
Contact Oriol Mitjà Villar, PhD
Phone 93 497 83 39
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 3
Start date October 2021
Completion date September 2023

See also
  Status Clinical Trial Phase
Terminated NCT01540227 - Penicillin Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in the Treatment of Infectious Syphilis.