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Clinical Trial Summary

This study aimed to reduce the pain and increase comfort during the orogastric tube insertion (OGT) procedure, which is routinely applied to feed these babies at 32-34 weeks of age, in preterm newborns with a sucking reflex. It was planned as a randomized double-blind and controlled experimental study to evaluate the efficacy of using In addition, this study also planned to develop the atraumatic OGT insertion procedure through combined therapy of wrapping, fetal position, breast milk, and oral sucrose. The population of the research consists of preterm babies who are treated in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Selcuk University Hospital. Babies to be sampled are preterm babies who are between 32 and 34 weeks of gestation. Preterm newborns will be randomly divided into five groups; - Group 1: Control - Group 2: Wrapping + breast milk (2 ml) - Group 3: Wrapping + oral sucrose (0.2 ml/kg 20% sucrose) - Group 4: Fetal position + breast milk (2 ml) - Group 5: Fetal position + oral sucrose (0.2 ml/kg 20% sucrose) In the NICU, OGT insertion will be performed by the clinical nurse as part of the treatment for preterm newborns, which the clinic physician deems necessary. The clinical nurse and clinician will be responsible for OGT insertion in preterm newborns. In this study, only wrapping, fetal positioning, oral breast milk and sucrose delivery methods will be applied to preterm newborns by the researcher. In this context, the responsibility of the researcher in the study will be to apply non-pharmacological methods to preterm newborns only before OGT insertion and to evaluate the pain symptoms in preterm newborns during and after OGT insertion. The obtained data will be evaluated in SPSS-21 package program in computer environment. Normality tests, chi-square, t test, Anova, and advanced analysis will be used when necessary in the analysis of the data. The relationship between the mean score of the scale and other variables will be evaluated by correlation regression analysis. Significance will be accepted as p<0.05.


Clinical Trial Description

Ethical and institutional permissions were obtained before starting to collect the data. Written consent will be obtained from all parents via a voluntary consent form. Preterm newborns will be randomly selected into 5 groups. - Group 1 (Control Group); Within the scope of the research, non-pharmacological methods will not be applied to newborns in this group. - Group 2 (Wrapping + Breastmilk Group); Preterm newborns will be wrapped by the researcher 10 minutes before OGT insertion. Then, 2 ml of breast milk will be given by the researcher with a sterile syringe 2 minutes before the OGT insertion to the same newborn. Breast milk will be given slowly into the mouth of the preterm newborn, on the upper part of the tongue, through an injector. Preterm newborns will be recorded with a video camera for 10 minutes before the procedure and for 5 minutes during and after the procedure. Then, using video recordings, the pain and comfort of newborns will be evaluated at the 1st minute before the procedure, at the 1st minute and 2nd minute (4 measurements) during and after the procedure. - Group 3 (Wrapping + Oral Sucrose Group); Preterm newborns will be wrapped by the researcher 10 minutes before OGT insertion. Then, 2 ml of 20% oral sucrose will be given to the same newborn by the researcher with a sterile syringe 2 minutes before OGT insertion. Oral sucrose will be slowly introduced into the mouth of the preterm newborn on the upper part of the tongue through an injector. Preterm newborns will be recorded with a video camera for 10 minutes before the procedure and for 5 minutes during and after the procedure. Then, using video recordings, the pain and comfort of newborns will be evaluated at 1 minute before the procedure, during and after the procedure at 1 minute and 2 minutes (4 measurements). - Group 4 (Fetal Position + Breastmilk Group); The fetal position will be given to the preterm newborn immediately after 2 ml of breast milk is given by the researcher 3 minutes before OGT insertion. Breast milk will be given slowly into the mouth of the preterm newborn, on the upper part of the tongue, through an injector. The preterm newborn will remain in the fetal position for 5 minutes during and after the procedure. Newborns will be recorded with a video camera before, during and after the procedure. Then, using video recordings, the pain and comfort of newborns will be evaluated at the 1st minute before the procedure, at the 1st minute and 2nd minute (4 measurements) during and after the procedure. - Group 5 (Fetal Position + Oral Sucrose Group); The fetal position will be given to the preterm newborn immediately after 2 ml of oral sucrose is given by the researcher 3 minutes before OGT insertion. Oral sucrose will be slowly injected into the mouth of the preterm newborn on the upper part of the tongue by means of an injector. At the end of the 3rd minute, the clinic nurse will insert the OGT as part of the treatment. The preterm newborn will remain in the fetal position for 5 minutes during and after the procedure. Newborns will be recorded with a video camera before, during and after the procedure. Then, using video recordings, the pain and comfort of newborns will be evaluated at the 1st minute before the procedure, at the 1st minute and 2nd minute (4 measurements) during and after the procedure. Hypotheses H0: The combined use of wrapping, fetal position, oral breast milk and oral sucrose delivery methods applied to preterm newborns has no effect on physiological variables (heart rate and oxygen saturation values), PIPP Scale and Comfort scale mean scores. H1: Wrapping + breast milk applied to preterm newborns has an effect on heart rate, oxygen saturation, PIPP scale and comfort scale mean scores. H2: Wrapping + sucrose applied to preterm newborns has an effect on heart rate, oxygen saturation, PIPP scale and comfort scale mean scores. H3: Fetal position + breast milk applied to preterm newborns has an effect on heart rate, oxygen saturation, PIPP scale and comfort scale mean scores. H4: Fetal position + sucrose applied to preterm newborns has an effect on heart rate, oxygen saturation, PIPP scale and comfort scale mean scores. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05180058
Study type Interventional
Source Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University
Contact
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 1, 2022
Completion date June 30, 2022

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