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Clinical Trial Summary

Exercise is well-known to improve skeletal muscle energy metabolism and is an established intervention to improve muscle insulin sensitivity and to counter the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, given the 24h rhythmicity in substrate metabolism previously observed in healthy, lean men and the lack of such rhythmicity in men with insulin-resistance, the investigator hypothesize that appropriate timing of exercise training can maximize the metabolic health effects of exercise. Indeed, a preliminary study in humans revealed that afternoon high-intensity interval training (HIIT) exercise was more effective than morning exercise in improving 24h blood glucose levels in men with T2D. Another recent study in mice showed that the time of day is a critical factor in augmenting the beneficial effects of exercise on the skeletal muscle metabolome as well as on whole-body energy homeostasis. However, human studies that specifically target the impact of timing of exercise training on glucose homeostasis and metabolic health are scarce and the potential underlying mechanisms largely unknown. The overarching goals of this project is to improve 24-hour rhythmicity of metabolism in men and women with prediabtes by appropriate timing of exercise and to assess its effect on metabolic health and immune response. Acute and prolonged exercise interventions timed in the morning vs late afternoon will be carried out in individuals with prediabetes to determine whether acute exercise in the afternoon and prolonged exercise training in the afternoon can improve peripheral insulin sensitivity, compared to exercise in the morning, and positively affect adipose tissue dietary fatty acid storage and partitioning of dietary fatty acids in skeletal muscles.

Clinical Trial Description

Three metabolic studies A, B and C using PET imaging will be carried out at the CRCHUS. The 12-week exercise training intervention will consist of supervised cycling high-intensity interval training (i.e. short bouts of high-intensity exercise interspersed with short periods of rest) every other day at the CRCHUS. Continuous glucose monitoring will be used to measure 24h glucose profiles over 3-4 days prior to and following the acute exercise bout and again during the last week of the intervention. Continuous blood pressure monitoring will be used over 18-24 h, at the beginning and at the end of the 12 week-training. Participants will take part in three postprandial metabolic studies: 1) before (A); 2) 18-24h after an acute exercise bout (B), and; 3) after 12-weeks of exercise training (C). Experiments will be conducted between 07:30 AM and 5:00 PM, following a 12 hr fast. Adipose tissue dietary fatty acid storage and partitioning of dietary fatty acids in skeletal muscles will be measured by the oral [18F-]-FTHA PET method. Changes in lean tissue mitochondrial function in vivo will be determined using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Participants will complete Visit A (baseline), followed 7 to 14-days later by a pre-breakfast (9 AM) or pre-dinner (4PM) exhaustive glycogen lowering exercise bout. The following day (18-24h after the exercise bout), participants will return for a second metabolic visit (Visit B). Participants will then begin a 12-week supervised high-intensity interval training program, performed either only in the morning or only in the afternoon (9 AM vs. 4 PM), on every other day. At the end of the 12 weeks, and at least 48h after the last exercise bout, participants will return for their final metabolic visit (Visit C). ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05123963
Study type Interventional
Source Université de Sherbrooke
Contact Frédérique Frisch
Phone 819-346-1110
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 15, 2021
Completion date April 30, 2025

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