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Clinical Trial Summary

What test is most sensitive in identifying stress urinary incontinence in women with pelvic organ prolapse; urodynamics, cough stress test, or pyridium pad test? The hypothesis states that there is a difference between the sensitivity of UDS, pyridium pad test and cough stress tests, with UDS being the most sensitive and the gold standard in identifying SUI in patients with pelvic organ prolapse.


Clinical Trial Description

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the descent of the pelvic organs into or through the vagina. It is seen in about 11% of the female population by age 80 years old and is often treated with surgery. For patients with pelvic organ prolapse a complaint of de novo stress urinary incontinence (SUI), potential, or occult SUI after prolapse surgery is well-documented. This new onset of incontinence ranges from 6-60% of the time and therefore, patients who undergo surgery for POP are at risk for needing a subsequent procedure if SUI is not identified prior to the pelvic reconstruction. Pre-operative evaluation for SUI includes a history and physical exam. The physical exam may include an empty supine stress test ESST, standing cough stress test (CST), pyridium pad test, and urodynamics (UDS). Prior studies have been performed to determine which of these tests are best at identifying SUI. One systemic review found that UDS was 92% sensitive in identifying SUI. When comparing UDS to the cough stress test and the weighed pyridium pad test, the cough stress test was found to be 90% sensitive and the pyridium pad test only 60% sensitive. The pyridium pad test was 68% sensitive when a pad test was found to be positive by orange color stain noted on the pad. The various ways these tests are performed have also been evaluated. For example, there was no statistical difference in outcomes of a CST; whether completed supine or standing and independent of bladder volume. In regards to the pyridium pad tests, several studies have compared a 1 hour to 24 hour pyridium pad test with varying results of efficacy. Furthermore, in a study done when comparing pad weight and color, even asymptomatic women had positive pyridium pad tests suggesting this test is less specific in identifying SUI. A secondary analysis of the looked at how different reduction methods effect the predictability of post-operative SUI on UDS. Reduction of pelvic organ prolapse with a speculum was the most sensitive in identifying post-operative SUI at 53%. However, there is a paucity of evidence as to which pre-operative test is best in identifying SUI in patients with pelvic organ prolapse. In this prospective study, the aim is to determine which test is most sensitive in pre-operatively identifying SUI and occult SUI in patients treated for prolapse. The hypothesis states that there is a difference between the sensitivity of UDS, pyridium pad test and cough stress tests, with UDS being the most sensitive and the gold standard in identifying SUI in patients with pelvic organ prolapse. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT03005977
Study type Interventional
Source The Cleveland Clinic
Contact
Status Active, not recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date February 15, 2017
Completion date December 31, 2021

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