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Clinical Trial Summary

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, according to recent publications of the World Health Organization, its main feature is the response to noxious particles of gases, which trigger an inflammatory response with its sequence secondary to the flow of air, the limitation generated by the ventilation reserve mechanism of insufficiency, dyspnea and dysfunction at the muscular level, these limitations generate a high degree of disability worldwide in the different areas of the people who suffer from it, which it affects their basic performance and their interaction with the environment. The World Health Organization, in a more recent projection, predicted that COPD will increase from its recent classification as the fifth most common cause of mortality to the fourth most common cause by 2030, which would place it behind ischemic cerebrovascular disease, HIV / AIDS and heart disease. More importantly, COPD is a cause that increases chronic disability and is expected to become the fifth most common cause of chronic disability worldwide by 2020. There is great evidence on the benefit of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COPD, which generates changes among which is tolerance to exercise, dyspnea, control of symptoms and improvement in the quality of life related to health. It should be noted that pulmonary rehabilitation not only includes physical training, but also involves the educational component in relation to healthy habits. In this way, patients who have achieved a successful form of a pulmonary rehabilitation program must obtain an improvement in their physical and psychological state, following up on this type of patients, achieving the empowerment of the health process and improving long-term symptoms and healthy lifestyle habits. Therefore, the objective of this study is to carry out a telephone education and a follow-up plan that emphasizes the importance of physical activity with adequate parameters to be part of the lifestyle of patients and to comply with the activity.


Clinical Trial Description

According to the population of the pulmonary rehabilitation center of the private IPS of Cali, it was analyzed by the program coordinator of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Center. If you consider that the patient is a candidate to enter the study, you can send an exam to be treated and you can be chosen. If the patient agrees to participate in the study, the knowledge approval process and the application of the clinical route, the basic information of the patient necessary to enter the study is collected. Once signed, the patient undergoes a physical examination of their clinical and physical condition (Anthropometric parameters, Evaluation of dyspnea with modified scale of the Medical Research Council, Anxiety and Hospital Depression Scale, Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire, needs questionnaire of pulmonary information and 6 minutes walking test). The walking test that was carried out following the parameters of the American Thoracic Society, in a linear corridor of 30 meters in length, could be used to walk down the corridor for 6 minutes in a row as quickly as possible, vital signs were taken. (blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate), oxygen saturation, fatigue in the lower extremities and dyspnea at the beginning and end of the test. Allocation concealment: the questionnaires, the physical test, the anthropometric parameters were completed and the clinical survey was applied, the information was stored in a closed one and a serial number was assigned according to the order of the exercise. The envelopes were sent to the person responsible for the implementation of the tracking plan that was agreed with the order and the serial number was added to the database. The randomization of the groups is done in a pre-established template in the following way: simple random sampling with Excel, to list is in the table of the study database and where the variables are collected, the reference number from 1 to 40 according to the number of patients requested to enter the study, apply to a simple randomization formula and a different Excel spreadsheet, up to number 20 (the amount corresponding to the whole follow-up group) B), the numbers that have the The results of this randomization are those assigned to the follow-up group. In this way, when patients register in the database in the numerical order of the envelope, they are automatically assigned according to the randomization of the group to which the patient belongs (follow-up or control). Once the patients have been included in the data collection and the variables, the patients belonging to the follow-up group have been submitted to the monitoring monitoring plan, since the activity must be recorded in an Excel table where the control was carried out. and record of it. The patients attended three times a week, for one hour daily to the pulmonary rehabilitation program to complete a total of 24 sessions, during the sessions the calisthenics were performed, the strengthening of the lower limbs and the strengthening of the upper limbs, the respiratory exercises , continuous exercise for 30 minutes and group and individual educational component during 90 minutes a week, this time of education is in addition to the time of pulmonary rehabilitation. Once the nursing assistant was responsible for the implementation of the follow-up plan of the process to carry out their activities as follows. Check the number of patients entering the study, verify the date of admission and the end date, confirm that all patients have cell phones and landlines where they can be located. She verified that the follow-up charts of each patient were completed, which was done twice a week for a total of 16 follow-ups or 8 weeks of the follow-up plan. She makes 2 weekly phone calls, performs the days that patients do not attend pulmonary rehabilitation, calls are made with the schedule established in the work template or in the tracking record format. In each monitoring chart for each patient, the call is recorded, with the recommendations made for patients to perform physical exercise and breathing exercises, the call lasts 15 minutes. At the end of the 8-week study, Evaluation of Dyspnea with the Scale of the Modified Medical Research Council, The Escalation of Anxiety and Hospital Depression, The Problem of Abortion San Jorge, The Problem of Pulmonary Information Needs and the Walk Test 6 minutes at the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Center. All the documentation that received the result of the study was guarded by the person in charge of the management of the database and the registry of variables. The person in charge of the database and the registry of variables is the one who will inform when the study is finished. Subsequently, the information will be organized and the data will be delivered to the methodological advisor to organize, process and analyze the statistical information as a result. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05204498
Study type Interventional
Source Clínica de Occidente S.A
Contact
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date May 10, 2019
Completion date December 25, 2019

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