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Clinical Trial Summary

Resectable Pancreatic Cancer represents an important health problem not because of its incidence, but because of its high mortality. Diagnosis in the initial stages is difficult, since the first symptoms of disease are often nonspecific. Only 15 - 25% of patients would undergo surgery with curative resection at the time of initial diagnosis. There is no an effective screening test for early diagnosis. A characteristic that defines the pancreatic adenocarcinoma is its aggressiveness. There is a high prevalence of patients who present metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis, therefore, it is evident that this tumor is capable of early systemic spread. Starting from the high prevalence of patients who experience metastatic disease shortly after undergoing a potentially curative resection, it is likely that at the time of diagnosis, the majority of pancreatic adenocarcinomas have progressed to systemic spread. The overall 5-year survival of the patients is 5.8% and has not increased in the last 10 years; the 5-year survival rate after curative surgery is not higher (7%). Patients with resectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, only 15% are diagnosed at an early stage (T1, T2 without lymph node involvement), these are associated with improved survival. The surgery required to treat pancreatic cancer is aggressive. To optimize results, you need to follow a series of guidelines strictly. The current standard treatment regimen for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma is based on surgery plus adjuvant chemotherapy. With all this, the survival rate at five years after surgery is not greater than 7%, and in addition, there is a high percentage of patients who experience metastatic disease after surgical resection with curative intent. This indicates that at the time of diagnosis, it is likely that most adenocarcinomas pancreatic diseases have progressed to systemic spread. For this reason, for years there is a growing interest in investigating new therapeutic approaches, such as the role of neoadjuvant therapy.

Clinical Trial Description

Disease: Pancreatic cancer resectable plus risk factors Hypothesis: The overall survival in patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery -resection- plus adjuvant chemotherapy is higher than in patients treated per standard of care (only with adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery) Objectives: Main objective: To assess overall survival in patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery-resection and adjuvant chemotherapy vs patients treated only with adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery- Secondary objectives: To assess in both patients (experimental vs control arms): - Progression free survival - Number of completed cycles fo chemotherapy - Local and metastatic recurrence - Post-surgical morbidity - Resection rate R0 - Safety of the neoadjuvant chemotherapy ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05181605
Study type Interventional
Source Instituto de investigación e innovación biomédica de Cádiz
Contact Laura Quintana Lopez
Phone 639390856
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 2/Phase 3
Start date January 1, 2022
Completion date December 1, 2024

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