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Clinical Trial Summary

Radiation can induce immunogenic cell death, local release of inflammatory cytokines, and damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) resulting in local effects on endothelial cell expression of adhesion receptors, increased immune cell trafficking, and immune cell activation. Dose, fractionation, and volume of radiation can influence immunologic effects in the tumor microenvironment. Nonclinical studies suggest that despite an initial local depletion of lymphocytes, hypofractionated regimens of radiation may be immune activating. Additionally, recent work suggests that standard fractionation and hypofractionation induce expansion of unique immune populations with standard fractionation favoring a myeloid response and hypofractionation driving a lymphoid response that may be more favorable to adaptive anti-tumor immunity. Compared to high doses of radiation, which induce immunogenic cell death, dose-dependent increases of MHC-I and death receptors, moderate fractional doses of 3-10 Gy may be optimal for activating a type I IFN response in tumor cells via a dose-dependent increase in the cytoplasmic leakage of DNA from micronuclei, which activates the cyclic GMP-AMP synthase/stimulator of interferon genes (cGAS/STING) pathway. Extensive experimental evidence indicates that radiotherapy can work in synergy with immunotherapy to generate T cells that reject not only the irradiated tumor but also the metastases outside of the field of irradiation, which offers a rationale for utilizing radiotherapy to enhance response to immunotherapy where tumors are unlikely to respond to immunotherapy alone.

Clinical Trial Description

All patients will receive 1200mg atezolizumab administered by IV infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle after completion of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for 21(+5) days. No escalations or reductions in the dose of the investigational product will be allowed.Following the administration of atezolizumab, patients will receive 600mg tiragolumab administered by IV infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. The tiragolumab dose is fixed and is not dependent on body weight. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05034055
Study type Interventional
Source Yonsei University
Contact Byoung Chul Cho
Phone 82-2228-0880
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 2
Start date December 2021
Completion date December 2023

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