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Clinical Trial Summary

Medications for smoking cessation are currently only effective in helping a minority of smokers quit. Drug development is slow and expensive, so there is much interest in optimizing the effectiveness of existing treatments and medications. Current standard doses of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) are not effective for many smokers and in many cases provide less nicotine compared to when a smoker is smoking their usual number of cigarettes. The proposed study will test if a personalized dose of nicotine patch (up to 84mg) will improve quitting success in those who do not respond to a standard dose of NRT (21mg).

Clinical Trial Description

A total of 500 smokers will be enrolled from two smoking cessation clinics to participate in this study. After 2 weeks of usual treatment with 21mg patch, participants who fail to quit smoking will be randomized to receive either escalating doses of active nicotine patches, or placebo patches, for 10 weeks. Those who stop smoking during the first 2 weeks of usual treatment will continue with 21mg patch treatment for 10 weeks as an additional comparison group. In addition to the medication, participants in all groups will receive brief behavioral counselling. Subjects will return to the clinic at weeks 26 and 52 to assess whether or not they are still abstinent from smoking and self-reports of non-smoking will be confirmed using a urine test for nicotine by-product (cotinine) levels. Exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) will be recorded as an additional measure. Study follow-up visits can be conducted virtually if needed. The goal of the proposed study is to optimize the current gold standard smoking cessation treatment (nicotine patch plus brief counseling) in order to further increase quit rates. Evidence supporting the effectiveness of personalized doses of NRT could change current practice in a wide variety of healthcare settings. Given the strong link between smoking and cancer, and evidence that quitting smoking at any age diminishes this risk, even small increases in absolute quit rates can have a substantial population-level impact on reducing the incidence of smoking-related cancers, reducing mortality rates and associated healthcare costs. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03000387
Study type Interventional
Source Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Contact Emily Gilbert, Msc
Phone +1 416 535 8501
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 4
Start date January 23, 2018
Completion date June 2023

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