Myocarditis Acute Clinical Trial
Positron Emission Tomography for the Diagnosis of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor-Related Myocarditis
This study evaluates positron emission tomography for the diagnosis of immune checkpoint inhibitor-related myocarditis. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown promising results in various malignancies however, several immune related adverse events have been described of which myocarditis carries the highest reported mortality. Diagnostic procedures, such as positron emission tomography, help find and diagnose myocarditis and provide functional or disease activity information as opposed to the largely structural/anatomic information.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To prospectively evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of fludeoxyglucose F-18 (18 fluorodeoxyglucose) positive emission tomography computed tomography (PET CT) for the diagnosis of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) related myocarditis. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To explore the clinical presentation and disease course of ICI-related myocarditis which include presenting symptoms (chest pain, dyspnea, fatigue), time from ICI initiation to symptom onset, hospitalization duration, time to peak troponin levels, and peak troponin levels. II. To evaluate biomarkers, including peak troponin, peak no probnp, admission troponin level, and admission nt probnp level, and imaging modalities of ICI-related myocarditis which include sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). III. To determine the response to various treatments of ICI-related myocarditis which include time to resolution of symptoms, hospitalization duration, and peak troponin value stratified by treatment. IV. To observe the long-term outcomes, including late decline in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) to < 50%, and survival after ICI related myocarditis, and monitoring of ICI-related myocarditis. V. To assess differences in PET CT imaging results between patients on steroid therapy versus not on steroid therapy for myocarditis. OUTLINE: Patients receive a low carbohydrate and high fat diet for 48-72 hours. Patients receive 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) then undergo PET CT. ;
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